- List of Maps and Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Historicizing the Cold War
- Ideology, Culture, and the Cold War
- Economics and the Cold War
- Geopolitics and the Cold War
- The Cold War and the Imperialism of Nation-States
- Soviet-American Relations Through the Cold War
- China and the Cold War
- Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1990
- Western Europe
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- South Asia
- The Cold War in Southeast Asia
- The Cold War and the Middle East
- Japan and the Cold War: An Overview
- Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East: Sources of Soviet Conduct Reconsidered
- Power and Culture in the West
- The Military
- The Nuclear Revolution: A Product of the Cold War, or Something More?
- International Institutions
- Trade, Aid, and Economic Warfare
- Cold War Intelligence History
- Internal Challenges to the Cold War: Oppositional Movements East and West
- Locating The Transnational in the Cold War
- Decolonization and the Cold War
- Human Rights
- Race and the Cold War
- Gender and Women's Rights in the Cold War
- The Religious Cold War
- The International Environmental Movement and the Cold War
- Globalization and the Cold War
- The End of the Cold War
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the internal challenges or oppositional movements to the Cold War in both the East and West. It suggests that the challenges to the Cold War paradigm can be divided into societal challenges such as the anti-Vietnam protests and the 1956 Hungarian uprising and government-led oppositions to the Cold War order as part of domestic foreign policy. The chapter analyzes five core periods of the Cold War including the Korean War, the 1954 hydrogen bomb testing on Bikini Atoll, and the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. The analysis reveals that the Cold War order was almost never unchallenged from 1947 to 1990.
Philipp Gassert is Professor of Transatlantic Cultural History at the University of Augsburg. His books include a history of anti-Americanism in Nazi Germany, Amerika im Dritten Reich: Ideologie, Volksmeinung und Propaganda (1997) and many other publications dealing with postwar European history, including 1968: The World Transformed (co-edited with Carole Fink and Detlef Junker, 1998); Coping with the Nazi Past: West German Debates on Nazism and Generational Conflict, 1955–1975 (co-edited with Alan E. Steinweis, 2006). He has taught at the University of Heidelberg and the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He was also deputy director of the German Historical Institute in Washington, D.C. in 2008–09.
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