- List of Maps and Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Historicizing the Cold War
- Ideology, Culture, and the Cold War
- Economics and the Cold War
- Geopolitics and the Cold War
- The Cold War and the Imperialism of Nation-States
- Soviet-American Relations Through the Cold War
- China and the Cold War
- Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1990
- Western Europe
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- South Asia
- The Cold War in Southeast Asia
- The Cold War and the Middle East
- Japan and the Cold War: An Overview
- Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East: Sources of Soviet Conduct Reconsidered
- Power and Culture in the West
- The Military
- The Nuclear Revolution: A Product of the Cold War, or Something More?
- International Institutions
- Trade, Aid, and Economic Warfare
- Cold War Intelligence History
- Internal Challenges to the Cold War: Oppositional Movements East and West
- Locating The Transnational in the Cold War
- Decolonization and the Cold War
- Human Rights
- Race and the Cold War
- Gender and Women's Rights in the Cold War
- The Religious Cold War
- The International Environmental Movement and the Cold War
- Globalization and the Cold War
- The End of the Cold War
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the military history of the Cold War. It explains that most military activities during this period were focused on apocalyptic nuclear war which never came and that the military aspects of the Cold War contributed to its end. The chapter suggests that while the military side of the Cold War did play a major role in ending the Cold War, it was not because of the policies of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, for there is little evidence that they were intended to produce moderation in Soviet leadership. It argues that reforms initiated by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev came from the realization of the decay of Soviet military superiority and the increasing economic burden of defense spending.
David R. Stone is Pickett Professor of Military History at Kansas State University.
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