- List of Maps and Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Historicizing the Cold War
- Ideology, Culture, and the Cold War
- Economics and the Cold War
- Geopolitics and the Cold War
- The Cold War and the Imperialism of Nation-States
- Soviet-American Relations Through the Cold War
- China and the Cold War
- Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1990
- Western Europe
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- South Asia
- The Cold War in Southeast Asia
- The Cold War and the Middle East
- Japan and the Cold War: An Overview
- Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East: Sources of Soviet Conduct Reconsidered
- Power and Culture in the West
- The Military
- The Nuclear Revolution: A Product of the Cold War, or Something More?
- International Institutions
- Trade, Aid, and Economic Warfare
- Cold War Intelligence History
- Internal Challenges to the Cold War: Oppositional Movements East and West
- Locating The Transnational in the Cold War
- Decolonization and the Cold War
- Human Rights
- Race and the Cold War
- Gender and Women's Rights in the Cold War
- The Religious Cold War
- The International Environmental Movement and the Cold War
- Globalization and the Cold War
- The End of the Cold War
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the role of Latin America in the Cold War. It explains that Latin America did not play a significant independent role in the Cold War and largely served as a symbol whereby communist adversaries could attempt to tilt the bipolar balance of power. It discusses how Latin America's military became the U.S. government's vehicle for meeting the communist challenge and highlights America's fear that Moscow-directed local communists would consolidate their strength among important social groups, especially labor unions, and eventually seize power at a propitious moment. Thus, the U.S policy focus for Latin America turned to military aid.
Lars Schoultz is William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor of Political Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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