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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Concentrating on central and local government and on fiscal reform, this chapter argues that although consecutive rulers’ attempts to modernize their state administration were inhibited by the political and social structures they inherited, their efforts were nevertheless sufficiently successful to permit Russia to become the most feared military power in Europe. Paradoxically, this very success militated against root-and-branch change to the system that had served the Tsars so well. Across the century between 1725 and 1825, therefore, Russia continued to adjust its institutional structures without undergoing any fundamental alteration to its political or social order.

Keywords: central government, local government, bureaucracy, favouritism, banks, fiscal reform, constitution, legal consciousness, military recruitment, warfare

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