- The Task of World History
- Theories of World History since the Enlightenment
- World Environmental History
- Nomadic pastoralism
- States, State Transformation, and War
- Religions and World History
- Technology, Engineering, and Science
- Advanced Agriculture
- Trade across Eurasia to about 1750
- Biological Exchanges in World History
- Cultural Exchanges in World History
- Pre-modern Empires
- Modern Imperialism
- East Asia and Central Eurasia
- South Asia and Southeast Asia
- The Middle East in World History
- Africa in World History: The Long, Long View
- Europe and Russia in World History
- Mediterranean History
- The Americas, 1450–2000
- The Atlantic Ocean Basin
- Oceania and Australasia
- The pacific Ocean Basin to 1850
Abstract and Keywords
This article tell the story of science and technology, of humans' increasing power over nature, the ability to live healthier and more comfortable lives, to travel and communicate faster, and to transform the world. Technology includes the tools, artifacts, skills, and processes that humans have devised to use nature for practical purposes — from the most primitive hand-axe to the Internet. It requires science and often mathematics. Science is not built on logic and mathematics alone, but requires complex and costly instruments like cyclotrons, space probes, and supercomputers. The symbiotic relationships between technology, engineering, and science are the hallmarks of the modern world. However, one risk is humans' ability to kill and destroy with increasing efficiency. There is also the problem of the destruction of the natural environment.
Daniel R. Headrick is Professor Emeritus of History at Roosevelt University.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.