- The Oxford Handbooks of American Politics
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- About the Contributors
- The State of Survey Research as a Research Tool in American Politics
- Optimizing Survey Questionnaire Design in Political Science: Insights from Psychology
- Laboratory Experiments in American Political Behavior
- Field Experiments and the Study of Political Behavior
- Formal Modeling, Strategic Behavior, and the Study of American Elections
- Why is American Turnout so Low, and Why Should We Care?
- American Voter Turnout in Historical Perspective
- Expanding the Possibilities: Reconceptualizing Political Participation as a Toolbox
- Voter Registration: Turnout, Representation, and Reform
- Early, Absentee, and Mail‐in Voting
- Digital Democracy: How Politics Online is Changing Electoral Participation
- Voting Technology
- The Study of Electoral Behavior
- The American Voter
- Politics, Expertise, and Interdependence within Electorates
- Constructing The Vote: Media Effects in a Constructionist Model
- Campaign Effects on Vote Choice
- Forecasting Us Presidential Elections
- Economics, Elections, and Voting Behavior
- Latinos and Political Behavior: Defining Community to Examine Critical Complexities
- Organizing American Politics, Organizing Gender
- Gauging the God Gap: Religion and Voting in US Presidential Elections
- Local and National Forces in Congressional Elections
- The Study of Local Elections in American Politics
- Studying State Judicial Races in a Transformed Electoral Environment
- Primary Elections
- Direct Democracy in the United States
- Voters in Context: The Politics of Citizen Behavior
- Getting up off the Canvass: Rethinking the Study of Mobilization
- Parties, Elections, and Democratic Politics
- Organized Interests: Evolution and Influence
- Money and American Elections
- American Electoral Practices in Comparative Perspective
- On Participation: Individuals, Dynamic Categories, and the Context of Power
- Studying American Elections*
- In Search of Representation Theory
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article briefly describes some rules relevant to money in American elections. Campaign finance regulations can be categorized as: spending, source prohibitions, contribution limits, public funding, and disclosure. Two problems plague research on the impact of campaign finance laws. First, new regulations are not necessarily exogenous to the political process. Second, laws may appear to constrain donating or fundraising more than they actually do because of readily available equivalent alternatives for making contributions. Most interest groups are not active in elections, and some that are active do not contribute or spend money. The impacts of money on policy are described. Solving both measurement and statistical problems is central to understanding questions of influence in both elections and in governmental process at both national and state levels. Normatively, evaluating the representational quality of democracy rests on these understandings.
Lynda W. Powell is Professor of Political Science, University of Rochester.
Clyde Wilcox is professor of Government at Georgetown University, Washington, DC. He is the author of a number of books, chapters, and articles on religion and politics, gender politics, interest group politics, campaign finance, public opinion and electoral behavior, and the politics of social issues such as abortion, gay rights, and gun control. Dr. Wilcox has authored, coauthored, edited, or coedited more than 30 books. His books include Public Attitudes on Church and State; Onward Christian Soldiers: The Christian Right in American Politics; and Religion and Politics in Comparative Perspective. His latest books include The Politics of Same-Sex Marriage, coedited with Craig Rimmerman, and The Values Campaign: The Christian Right in the 2004 Elections, coedited with John Green and Mark Rozell.
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