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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Although the extent of unionization may have declined in some jurisdictions, the practice of labor relations continues to have considerable impact on both individuals and organizations. On the organizational front, labor relations practice has implications for the implementation of human resource practices in organizations. For individuals, the dynamic of labor relations has been characterized as involving both conflict and change. This article reviews research on labor relations, highlighting its impact on individuals and organizations. It begins by considering the extent and nature of unionization in various jurisdictions. The article then considers the major “events” characterizing labor relations; from an individual's decision to join a union, through the negotiation of collective agreements and related strike action, to the administration and enforcement of agreement provisions via member grievances. It concludes with a review of other research assessing consequences of labor relations that are of critical importance for human resource management.

Keywords: unionization, labor relations, organizations, human resource practices, agreement provisions

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