- The Oxford Handbook of International Business 2nd edition
- Preface to Second Edition
- Preface to First Edition
- Acknowledgements for Second Edition
- Acknowledgements for First Edition
- The History of the Multinational Enterprise
- The Key Literature on IB Activities: 1960–2006
- The Gravity Equation in International Trade
- Strategic Complexity in International Business
- Theories of the Multinational Enterprise
- Location, Competitiveness, and the Multinational Enterprise
- Sovereignty@Bay: Globalization, Multinational Enterprise, and the International Political System
- National Policies and Domestic Politics
- Multinational Enterprises and Public Policy
- Unbundling the Institution‐Based View of International Business Strategy
- Multilateral Institutions and Policies: Implications for Multinational Business Strategy
- Strategy and the Multinational Enterprise
- The Multinational Enterprise as an Organization
- Strategy and Management In MNE Subsidiaries
- Strategic Alliances
- Innovation and Information Technology in the MNE
- Contemporary Research Trends in International Marketing: The 2000s
- Culture and Human Resources Management
- Environmental Policy and International Business
- International Financial Management and Multinational Enterprises
- Taxes, Transfer Pricing, and The Multinational Enterprise
- China and International Business
- The Smaller Economies of Pacific Asia and Their Business Systems
- Methodological Contributions in International Business and the Direction of Academic Research Activity
- Political Risk and Country Risk in International Business: Concepts and Measures
- Comparative International Business Research Methods : Pitfalls and Practicalities
- Metrics for International Business Research
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article provides an overview of the key insights resulting from recent international business research on the interactions between location advantages and the competitiveness of multinational enterprises (MNEs). It consists of four main sections. First, the evolution of the location advantage concept in the international economics literature is discussed. Here, it appears that the international economics literature has substantially broadened its analytical scope in the last few decades. However, the field of international business research had gone even further in its analysis of the interactions between location and MNE competitiveness because of its in-depth focus on the actual behaviour of MNEs. The complex nature of location advantages for MNEs is discussed in more detail in the second section. The third section describes the intellectual foundations of a spatial analysis of MNE activities. Finally, the fourth section discusses the relative contribution of home country specific advantages (CSAs) and host CSAs to MNE competitiveness.
Alan M. Rugman is Professor for International Business in the Henley Business School at the University of Reading.
Alain Verbeke is the McCaig Chair in Management at the University of Calgary and Professor of International Business at the University of Brussels.
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