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date: 20 February 2020

(p. 797) Index

(p. 797) Index

abstraction, theory of 361
absurdity/the absurd 466–71, 480–1
Adorno, Theodor 138, 524, 627, 637 n. 31
art, and truth 102–5
and dialectical reason 315–20
and freedom 316–17
and Marxism 219–20, 221
and metaphysics 401 n. 33
on music 115 n. 81
philosophy of art 102–6
and political involvement 655–6
and science 222
on Stoicism 657 n.
and value objectivity 315–20
Adventures of the Dialectic (Merleau-Ponty) 686, 687
Aenesidemus (Gottlob Ernst Schulze) 145–6, 612, 616
Aesthetic Parallelism 84, 93 n. 27, 116
Aesthetic Subversivism 84–5, 96, 106
affect 75–9, 84
and content 80–1, 83
and naturalism 78–9, 81
Age of Reason, The (Sartre) 480
Allison, Henry 558
Althusser, Louis 150, 222–4
Analytical Marxism 227, 228, 238
Anaximander 483 n. 13
Anderson, Joel 578, 579–80
anthropologism 534, 541, 544
anthropology 212, 305
Heidegger and 528–31, 534, 541–5
Kant and 528, 541–2
and philosophy 523–4, 528–31
Anti-Christ (Nietzsche) 566
antiscientism 9, 17, 20–2, 25–6
anxiety (angst) 695–6
Apollonianism 134–5, 618–20
applied rationalism 191–2
apriority 246–9, 279–80
Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte (journal) 151
Aristotle 244, 291
dialect, definition of 290
foundationalism 346–7
on history 159
hylomorphism 347–8, 384
and individuation 401 n. 33
and meaning of being 532
Arnauld, Antoine 350
art 75–9, 80–2, 84, 91, 92–3, 111 n. 73
Adorno and 102–6
and content 80–1, 83
Fichte and 98, 115
Heidegger and 98–102, 105–6
Merleau-Ponty and 96–8, 101–2, 105–6
and naturalism 78–9, 81, 113, 115, 116
and neo-classicism 82
Nietzsche and 95–6
Schelling and 94–5
Schiller and 87–8, 89, 115
Schlegel and 91–2, 616–17, 620
Athenäum, Das (journal) 616–17
Aufklärung, see Enlightenment
Austin, John Langshaw 36, 68–70
Austro-Marxism 227–8
authenticity 702, 707, 708–9
Heidegger and 484–5, 573–5, 694–5, 703
authorial psychology 35, 42–3, 44–5
autonomy
and agency 577, 578–9, 581–3
Anderson and 578, 579–80
Benson and 577–8, 581–2
Christman and 576–7, 581
evil and 559–60
freedom as 551–84
Habermas and 561, 579, 580
Hegel and 562–5
Heidegger and 573–6
Honneth and 578, 579–80
Kant and 557–62, 563
(p. 798)
morality and 262–3, 558–65, 566–7
(p. 799)
Nietzsche and 566–70
personal 576–84
Rousseau and 552–7
Sartre and 570–3
Bachelard, Gaston 150, 222
and Kuhnian problematic 190, 191, 192, 194–5
and philosophy of science 181–2, 183, 184–6, 187–8
Bachelard, Suzanne 184
Baden School (Heidelberg/Southwest German) 277, 278–9, 281, 282, 284
Badiou, Alain 231–3
Baldwin, Thomas 422
Barclay, Linda 578
Baudelaire (Sartre) 682
Bayesian confirmation theory 338
Beaufret, Jean 687
beauty 113
Beethoven, Ludwig van 104
being 302, 523–8, 536–41
Heidegger and 139–40, 688–9
Sartre and 516, 519–22
see also Dasein
Being and Nothingness (Sartre) 570, 571, 674, 675–7, 678, 693
Lukács' criticism of 680–1
Being and Time (Heidegger) 353, 370–1, 621–3, 625, 692
anxiety (angst) 695–6
authenticity 694–5
nihilism 482–8
Beiser, Frederick 611
Bell, David 442 n. 42, 446 n. 50
Below, Georg von 172
Bensaïd, Daniel 236 n. 54
Benson, Paul 577–8, 581–2
Bergson, Henri 150, 201
Deleuze and 406–7
and duration 198–200, 204, 205–6
and intuition 199–200
and knowledge 198
Merleau-Ponty on 204–6
and philosophy of science 182, 198–200
‘Bergson's Conception of Difference’ (Deleuze) 404 n.
Berlin, Isaiah 554
Bermúdez, J. L. 413 n. 7
Bernstein, Jay 84 n., 664 n. 112
Beyond Good and Evil (Nietzsche) 718, 744, 745
Bhaskar, Roy 237
Birth of Tragedy, The (Nietzsche) 618–20
Black, Joseph 185
Black Dogs (McEwan) 470
Blanqui, Louis Auguste 626
Block, Ned 413–14
Blumenberg, Hans 151–2
Boeckh, August 37 n. 32, 43, 618
Bourdieu, Pierre 233–5
Boutroux, Emile 181
brain-in-a-vat thought experiment 377–8
Braniss, C. J. 175
Brentano, Franz 11, 357
Brewer, Bill 431–2
Briefe über die kantische Philosophie (Reinhold) 611
Brunschvicg, Léon 181
Burckhardt, Jacob 156, 157, 162, 166, 168, 174–5
Butler, Eliza M. 624 n. 75
Campbell, John 429
Camus, Albert 455, 466–73
Canguilhem, Georges
and Kuhnian problematic 190, 193, 194–5, 196
and philosophy of science 181–2, 183, 184, 186–9
Capital (Marx) 212–14, 216, 237
capitalism 650
and human flourishing 733–4, 735–6, 739, 752
Carnap, Rudolf 334–5
and epistemology 371–2, 374
and external world problem 371–2
‘Cartesian Freedom’ (Sartre) 677–8
Cartesian Meditations (Husserl) 369
Cassirer, Ernst 150, 285, 558
categorial intuitions 13–16, 22, 361
categorical imperative 558–9, 566–8, 607–8
Cavaillès, Jean 184, 200
Cézanne, Paul 97–8
Chladenius, J. A. 156, 160
Christianity 232, 530–1, 602–3, 701
Heidegger and 491–2
and historicism 169
Marx and 55–6
and meaning of life 464–5, 470–1, 473
Nietzsche and 484, 492, 498, 720, 742, 744
and reason 136
see also God; religion
Christman, John 576–7, 581
Civilization and its Discontents (Freud) 722, 724, 725
classical foundationalism 346–7, 348, 377
Climacus, Johannes (Kierkegaard) 504–6
and Absolute Good 506–11
and absolutely paradoxical finitude 515–16
and Incarnate Absolute 512–15
cognition 100
and intuition 13, 14, 16
Kant and 13, 26–7, 85, 246, 253
philosophical aestheticism and 78–9, 80, 83
Cohen, G. A. 228, 734, 739 n.
Cohen, Hermann 269 n. 59, 277, 278, 279, 283–4
Cohen, Joshua 556
commodity fetishism 213, 217
communicative action theory 225–7, 322–7
communism 210–11, 736, 740; see also Marxism
Communist Manifesto, The 704
Concluding Unscientific Postscript (Climacus) 504–5
conformism 483
conscience 566–7, 721
consciousness 23, 91, 255, 279, 303, 409–55
Aesthetic 83
and attention 429–30
Bergson and 204–5
Fichte and 258, 264, 298
Hegel and 308–10, 319, 387–90
Marx and 129
phenomenological reduction and 417–44
sensuous 398
as subjectivity 693
superblindsighter and 414
transcendental 423
constitutive subjectivity 211, 221–2, 225, 226, 230, 231, 235
Contribution (Marx) 212
corpuscular philosophy 340–5
Courturat, Louis 200
Craig, Edward 153–4
criminology 746 n. 76
critical realism 237
critical theory 626–70
critique of 632–6
definition of 628–44
diagnostic aims 631–2, 643, 652–3
and Dialectic of Enlightenment (Adorno and Horkheimer) 644–52
immanent critique 640–2
instrumental rationality 645–7
and morality 661–70
normative foundations of 662–70
politics of 652–61
practical aims 630–2, 643, 652–5, 656, 658
and rational society 640–4
reason and 636–9, 648–52
remedial aims 630–2, 643, 652–3, 654–5, 656, 658
and traditional theory 629–30
Critique of Dialectical Reason (Sartre) 572
Critique of Instrumental Reason (Horkheimer) 654 n. 85
Critique of Practical Reason (Kant) 260, 261–2, 558, 604–5, 607, 608
Critique of Pure Reason (Kant) 600, 601, 607, 633–4
God 495
and Mendelssohn 606
on science 12, 349
Dasein (Heidegger) 38, 98–100, 140–1, 537–41, 695, 700
and authenticity 573–5, 696, 698
and death 516–17
and existence 518–19, 692, 693
and freedom as autonomy 573–6
fundamental ontology of 370–6
and meaning of being 573–4
mood and 99–100, 101
phenomenal content of 531, 532–6
Daybreak (Dawn) (Nietzsche) 716, 718, 744
de Man, Paul 66 n. 107
death of God 463–5, 466–7, 473
deconstruction 67, 106–7, 703–7
‘Defence of Common Sense, A’ (Moore) 374
Deigh, John 721–2
Deleuze, Gilles 150
and Bergson 406–7
and difference 400–3, 404–5, 406–7
and individuation 405–6, 526
and Marxism 229, 230
and repetition 401, 403–4
Dent, Nicholas 555
Derrida, Jacques 150, 151
death of the author 67–8
and deconstruction 67, 703–7
(p. 800)
and différance 66, 703–4, 708
and hermeneutics 59, 66–8
and humanism 702–9
and language 703–5
and responsibility 706–7, 708
writing, primordial nature of 67 n. 112
Descartes, René 353, 478
Galileo, criticism of 341
immaterial substance 501
and metaphysics as first philosophy 347–9, 350
descriptions 431–2
destruction of the world thought-experiment (Weltvernichtung) 366
determinism 477–8
Deutsche Geschichte (Lamprecht) 172
Dewey, John 114 n. 80
Dialectic of Enlightenment (Adorno and Horkheimer) 150, 220, 644–52
and critical theory 654–8, 662
critique of instrumental rationality 645–7
and evil 648–52
morality 663–7
and rationality 648–9
dialectical reason
Adorno and 315–20
German Romanticism and 311–15
Habermas and 320–7
Kant and 288–96
and reason, unity of 296–310
différance 66, 703–4, 708; see also difference, philosophy of
difference, philosophy of 379–408
Deleuze and 400–3, 404–5, 406–7
existentialism and 395–9
Hegel and 385–95, 400, 401, 402, 406, 407–8
identity and 296–310
and individuality 380–5, 400–8
Difference and Repetition (Deleuze) 400, 404 n.
Dilemmas (Ryle) 378
Dilthey, Wilhelm 10, 19 n. 14, 149
and hermeneutics 39–40, 51–4
and historicism 156, 157, 162, 164, 166, 168, 169–71, 174–5, 178
and natural law tradition 166, 168
and relativism 169–71
significance of interpretation 52–4
Dionysianism 134–5, 618–20
Direct Morality Critics 713–33
Foucault 726–33, 746–7
Freud 721–6
and MPS 713–21, 725, 742, 743–4
Nietzsche 715–21, 741–5
Discipline and Punish (Foucault) 729, 746 n. 76
Discourse on Inequality (Rousseau) 554
dreams 57–8
Dreyfus, Herbert 441 n. 40
Droysen, Johann Gustav
and historicism 156, 157, 159, 162, 166, 168, 174–5, 178
and natural law tradition 168
Duhem, Pierre 181, 335 n.
Dühring, Eugen 175
Dworkin, Gerald 576
Dworkin, Ronald 739 n.
Eagleton, Terry 236, 237
Ecce Homo (Nietzsche) 569, 716, 719, 720
Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) 645–6, 650
Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (Marx) 212, 735–6
Economic Manuscript of 1861–63 (Marx) 212, 213–14
egalitarian liberalism 237–8
Eichhorn, Karl Friedrich 156
Elements of the Philosophy of Right (Hegel) 636, 641
Eliot, George 464–5
Eliot, T. S. 476
Emile (Rousseau) 555, 556, 557
Empire (Hardt and Negri) 229, 231
empirical idealism 250–1
Encyclopaedia Logic (Hegel) 391–2 & n. 19, 395n.
‘Ends of Man, The’ (Derrida) 702–3
Engels, Friedrich 130–1, 210–11, 212, 740
Enlightenment (Aufklärung) 136, 150, 593, 601, 611
and historicism 164–5
and thought 166
Epicurus/Epicureans 607, 608
epistemology 334–78
and corpuscular philosophy 340–5
criticisms of 126–7
definitions of 338–40
external world 346–56, 371
and fundamental ontology 370–6
incompatibility thesis and 345
and transcendental phenomenology 356–70
‘Epistemology Naturalized’ (Quine) 335
Erdmann, Johann Eduard 277 n. 76
Ernesti, Johann August 31–4
(p. 801) ‘Essence’ (Heidegger) 576
essences
of human beings 523–8
Husserl on 11, 14, 19
intuitions of 18–19
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (Williams) 752–3
Etre et l'événement, L' (Badiou) 231–2
eudaimonism 608–9, 623–4
Evans, Gareth 410
existentialism 200–1
and Marxism 680–7
and philosophy of difference 395–9
‘Existentialism is a Humanism’ (Sartre) 570, 571–2, 671, 672–80, 692–3, 706
Existentialism or Marxism (Lukács) 680–1, 684
experience 206–8
external world epistemology 346–56, 371
falsificationism 338
Fear and Trembling (Kierkegaard) 705–6
Feuerbach, Ludwig 397, 398, 618
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb 145–6, 612
Absolute I/Not-I 86, 90–1
and art 92–3, 98, 115
and consciousness 258, 264, 298
and foundationalism 311–12
and Hellenic ideal 596
and historicism 161, 174–5
and knowledge 198
and reason 263–4, 265, 297–301
and the summons 263–4
and transcendental philosophy 262, 268–9, 278, 298
Finance Capital (Hilferding) 227–8
finitude 515–22, 542–3
Fischer, Kuno 275–6, 278
Flies, The (Sartre) 696
Foot, Philippa 742
For Marx (Althusser) 222
Forst, Rainer 582–3, 662 n. 108
Forster, Michael 612 n. 50, 615 n. 58
Foucault, Michel 150, 223, 224
Berkeley interview 701, 702
and bio-power 726, 727–8
and human flourishing 714–15, 728, 732–3
and humanism 698–702
and individuation 526
and judgements of normality 726–8
and morality 726–33, 746–7
and philosophy of science 181–2, 183 & n. 2
foundationalism
Aristotelian/classical 346–7, 348, 377
Fichte and 311–12
Frankfurt, Harry 576
Frankfurt School 219–21, 224, 318
see also Adorno, Theodor; critical theory; Grossmann, Henry; Habermas, Jürgen; Honneth, Axel; Horkheimer, Max; Marcuse, Herbert; Pollock, Friedrich; Sorge, Richard; Weil, Felix; Wittvogel, Karl August
freedom 478–9, 594–5
Adorno and 316–17
as autonomy 551–84
Hegel and 562–5
Heidegger and 573–6
Horkheimer 643
Kant and 260–2, 292, 557–62, 563, 635
Merleau-Ponty 684–5
and moral obligation 260–1
Nietzsche and 566–70
Rousseau and 552–7
Frege, Gottlob 358, 446
Freud, Sigmund 651
and civilization 722–4
and conscience 721
dreams 57–8
and happiness 724, 725
hermeneutics of suspicion 55
and human flourishing 714–15, 726
hypothesis of the unconscious 57–8
and morality 721–6
and religion 722 n. 13
and suffering 722–5
Fries, Jakob Friedrich 253–6, 268–9, 278
Frühromantik 612, 616–18
Fundamental Meditation (Husserl) 365
Future of an Illusion, The (Freud) 722, 725
Gadamer, Hans-Georg 64, 66 n. 107, 111 n. 73
and hermeneutics 30–1, 59, 61–6
history of philosophy 122–3, 151
meaning 61–5
Galileo Galilei 187, 189, 341
Gatterer, Christoph 156, 160
Gaus, Gerald 577
(p. 802) Gay Science, The (Nietzsche) 697
autonomy 567–8, 569
Christianity 502–4
morality 719, 745
Genealogy of Morals (Nietzsche) 716
General Theory of Exploitation and Class, A (Roemer) 228
genetic fallacy 148
Genette, Gérard 110 n. 71
genius 303–4
German Idealism
and reason 256–69, 296–7
(p. 803)
and transcendental philosophy 280, 282–3
German Ideology, The (Marx and Engels) 211, 737, 749
German Romanticism 595, 597, 611–12, 616–18
and dialectical reason 311–15
and philosophical aestheticism 85–96
Geuss, Raymond 111 n. 72, 647 n. 66, 664 n. 116
Gift of Death, The (Derrida) 705, 706–7, 708
God 494–522
death of 463–5, 466–7, 473
existence of 495, 498–504
Kant and 495–6, 498–9, 500, 501
Kierkegaard/Climacus and 504–16
Nietzsche and 502–4
‘Gods of Greece, The’ (Schiller) 602–3
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang 266, 588, 596, 625
and Greek art 598–9
and historicism 174
and Schiller 599–600, 624
and Weimar Classicism 600, 601–2
Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (Kant) 261, 604–5, 608
autonomy 558, 560, 566
Grundrisse (Marx) 212
guardianship (Gelassenheit) 490–2
Guattari, Felix 405–6, 526
Guignon, Charles 575
Guyer, Paul 558
Habermas, Jürgen 627 n. 2
and autonomy 561, 579, 580
and communication 322–7
communicative action, theory of 225–7
and critical theory 648 n. 68, 652 n., 659–61
and critical theory, normative foundations of 662–70
and dialectical reason 320–7
discourse ethics 667–70
and Marxism 221, 224–7
and science 222
and understanding 323–4
and universalism 321–2, 324–7
and value objectivity 320–7
hallucinations 448
Hamann, Johann Georg 156–7
happiness 720
Freud and 724, 725
Horkheimer and 642–3
Kant and 608–9
Nietzsche and 718–19
Hardenberg, Friedrich von, see Novalis
Hardt, Michael 229–31, 236, 239
Hartmann, Eduard von 339–40
Hatfield, Henry C. 589 n.
Haym, Rudolf 637 n. 31
hedonism 608
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 220, 234, 612, 616, 634 n. 18
and autonomy 562–5
concrete universal 385–95, 407–8
and consciousness 308–10, 319, 387–90
criticism of 396–406
and difference 400, 401, 402, 406
and epistemology 334, 336
and freedom 562–5
on Geist 125–6, 128, 131–2, 142
and Hellenic ideal 596–7, 613–15
and hermeneutics 39
and historicism 157, 161, 174–5
history of philosophy 123–8, 142, 146–7, 596–7
and individuality 387–94, 398
on Kant's transcendental philosophy 214–15
and knowledge 198
and logic 267
meanings/thoughts 49–51
and morality 638–9
Objective Spirit 39, 48, 157 n.
and perception 389–90
and phenomenology 307–8
on Philosophical Aestheticism 107–8, 110
philosophical reasoning 147
and rationality 146, 636–9, 641
and reason, unity of 304–10
and religion 266–7
and scepticism 615
self-understanding 48
and sense-certainty 387–9, 397–9
and spirit 308–9
on Stoicism 657 n.
and transcendental philosophy 268
Heidegger, Martin 139–40, 527, 575–7, 688–9
and anthropology 528–31, 534, 541–5
and anxiety (angst) 695–6
and authenticity 484–5, 573–5, 694–5, 703
and autonomy 573–6
and categorial intuition 15–16, 22
and Christianity 491–2
on cognition 16
criticism of Husserl 449
and death 483–4
and death of God 465
and finitude 516–19, 542–3
fore-understanding 59–60
and freedom 573–6
and Gelassenheit (guardianship) 490–2
and Hellenic ideal 621–3, 625
and heritage 485–7
and hermeneutics 18–19, 30, 59–61
history of philosophy 138–43, 148, 150, 151
and humanism 575, 671, 672, 687–98, 702–3
incompatibility thesis 378
and language 697
and meaning of being 532–3, 535–7, 621–3
and metaphysics 690–1
Mitdasein 540
and Nazism 66 n. 107, 485
Nietzsche lectures 694
and nihilism 482–92
on ontology 19, 20
and perception 372
on phenomenology 18–20, 22–3, 24, 534
philosophical reasoning 148
on philosophy as science of 9, 17, 20–2, 25–6
philosophy of art 98–102, 105–6
and religion 353
and science 353–4
and technology 488–91
on theology 19–20
and transcendental philosophy 284–5
truth 148
on understanding 16–17, 22, 25
on violence 60–1
see also Dasein
Heidelberg School (Baden/Southwest German) 277, 278–9, 281, 282, 284
Heine, Heinrich 637 n. 31
Hellenic ideal
Frühromantik and 612, 616–18
Goethe and 598–9
Hegel and 596–7, 613–15
Heidegger and 621–3, 625
idealism and 610–16
Kant and 605–10, 614
scepticism and 611–12, 615–16
Schiller and 602–3, 605, 614, 624–5
Winckelmann and 589–97, 622, 623–4
Helmholtz, Hermann 270–5, 278
Henrich, Dieter 558
Herbrand, Jacques 200
Herder, Johann Gottfried 33, 36
genre identification 36–7
and Greek art 598
and hermeneutics 32, 34–40
and historicism 156–7, 166–7, 168, 174
language 37–8
meaning 37–9
and natural law tradition 168
philosophical anthropology 305
self-understanding 40
significance of interpretation 39
thought 37–9
Hering, Karl Ewald Konstantin 270, 273 n.
Hermann and Dorothea (Goethe) 599
hermeneutics 39
and animal language-use 72–4
Austin and 36, 68–70
authorial psychology 35, 42–3
Derrida and 59, 66–8
(p. 804)
Dilthey and 39–40, 51–4
Ernesti and 31–4
Gadamer and 30–1, 59, 61–6
genre identification 36–7
Hegel and 39
Heidegger and 30, 59–61
Herder and 32, 34–40
hermeneutical circle 33–4
historicism and 178
and meaning 33–5
and metalinguistics 71–2
Schlegel and 36, 45–8
Schleiermacher and 30, 32, 40–5
significance of interpretation 39, 52–4
Skinner and 36, 68–70
of suspicion 54–8
thought 37–9
universality of 44
Heussi, Karl 175–6
Hilferding, Rudolf 227–8
Hirschman, A. O. 634–5
historicism 10, 150, 155–79, 285
and Christianity 169
crises of 171–3
definition of 155–9
Dilthey and 156, 157, 162, 164, 166, 168, 169–71, 174–5, 178
Droysen and 156, 157, 159, 162, 166, 168, 174–5, 178
Enlightenment and 164–5
Hegel and 157, 161, 174–5
Herder and 166–7, 174
hermeneutics and 178
history as science 159–63, 173
and irrationalism 177, 178
and metaphysics 156, 157
and morality 168–9
Möser and 156–7, 166, 167, 174
and naturalism 11, 157–8
and positivism 156
and pragmatic history 168
Ranke and 156, 157, 159, 168–9, 174–5, 178
and relativism 167–71, 172, 173
significance of 163–7
study of 174–9
history 162, 164, 168
as science 159–63, 173
History and Class Consciousness (Lukács) 216–18, 641–2, 686–7
history of philosophy
Gadamer and 122–3, 151
Hegel and 123–8, 142, 146–7
Heidegger and 138–43, 148, 150, 151
Marx and 128–30, 142, 148
Marxism and 130–3, 146, 150
Nietzsche and 133–8, 142, 148
History of Philosophy (Hegel) 596–7
History of Sexuality, The (Foucault) 747
History of the Art of Antiquity, A (Winckelmann) 590, 594–5, 597, 598–9
Hölderlin, Friedrich 311, 616, 621
and Being (Seyn) 302
consciousness 91
on Fichte's ‘Absolute I’ 90
holism 33, 42, 43–4, 335 n.
Holistic Monism 258–9, 266, 268–9
Homer 45–6
Honneth, Axel 647 n. 66
and autonomy 578, 579–80
and critical theory 631
on Habermas 663, 667
Horkheimer, Max 150, 317, 320 n. 59, 576, 651
and critical theory 629–30, 654
and happiness 642–3
and Marxism 219–20
and morality 643–4
and rational society 642–4
and rationality 648–9
and science 222
and traditional theory 629, 630
Howe, Irving 654 n. 82
Hoyningen-Huene, Paul 191
Human, All Too Human (Nietzsche) 719
human flourishing
capitalism and 733–4, 735–6, 739, 752
Foucault and 714–15, 728, 732–3
Freud and 714–15, 726
morality and 733–4
MPS and 733–4, 752
Nietzsche and 715, 716
humanism 671–709
definition of 671–2
Derrida and 702–9
Foucault and 698–702
and Greek civilization 689
Heidegger and 671, 672, 687–98
Marxist 686–7
Merleau-Ponty and 683–5, 686, 687, 694
Sartre and 671, 672–80, 681–2, 687, 691
Humanism and Terror (Merleau-Ponty) 683, 686, 687
Humboldt, Wilhelm von 156–7
Hume, David 147, 247, 381 n. 2
on art and affect 79
and induction 350–1
and morality 711
and self 546
Husserl, Edmund 138 n. 38, 200–1, 336, 356–70, 419–20
and abstraction, theory of 361
and being human 534–5
and categorial intuitions 361
and consciousness 366–7, 412–13, 417–18, 419, 422, 423, 442, 451–3
and content externalism 424–5, 426–44
and content internalism 422, 424
criticism of 449
destruction of the world thought-experiment (Weltvernichtung) 366
on essences 11, 14, 19
and external world problem 372
and imagination 434–5
and immanence 423–4
and intentionality 361–2, 369
(p. 805)
on intuition 13–16
and logic 358–60
phenomenological reduction 417–44
and phenomenology 13–14, 16–17, 22, 340, 356–70, 410–11
on philosophy as science 9, 10–12, 13–15
and psychological idealism 367
and psychologism 359
and relativism 167
and religion 353
and representation 412–17, 427–8, 432–8, 443
and science 353–4
and sense (Sinn) 444–6
and sensory perception 362–6, 368–70, 444–5
hylomorphism 347–8, 384
Ibn Sina 244
Idea of Phenomenology, The (Husserl) 362
idealism 185–6
empirical 250–1
and Hellenic ideal 610–16
psychological 367
and science 191–2
transcendental 250, 251, 267, 282
Ideas (Husserl) 353, 365, 369, 370
identity 316–17, 612–13
absolute 312
in difference 296–310
ideology
of class 55–6
critique of 748–52
morality as 736–7
Iggers, Georg G. 177 n. 50
illocutionary forces 36, 68–70
imagination 109, 115 n. 82, 434–5
imitation 595, 597
immanence 423–4, 627 n. 3
Inaugural Dissertation (Kant) 307
incompatibility thesis 345, 378
Indirect Morality Critics 714, 733–41, 748–52
individuality
and difference 400–8
Hegel and 387–94, 398
individuation 381–5, 394, 401
indivisibility 381, 384
language and 397–8
Leibniz and 401–2
problem of 380–5
individuation 381–5
Deleuze and Guattari and 405–6, 526
Foucault and 526
and individuality 381–5, 394, 401
indivisibility 381, 384
Inquiry into Meaning and Truth, An (Russell) 374–5
Institut für Socialforschung (Institute for Social Research), Frankfurt 627
instrumental rationality 645–7
interpretation
and authorial psychology 35
Heidegger on 18–19, 60–1
and meaning 33–5
phenomenology and 18–19, 24–5
significance of 39, 52–4
see also hermeneutics
intersubjectivity 225, 234–5, 325
intuition 12, 13–17, 199–200
categorial 13–16, 22, 361
and cognition 13, 14, 16
of essences 18–19
Husserl on 13–16
instinct and 199, 200
intelligence and 199, 200
and phenomenology 13–17, 19, 26
Iphigenia in Tauris (Goethe) 599, 625
irony 313–14
irrationalism 177, 178
Irwin, T. H. 609 n. 43
Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich 354
and Frühromantik 617
Gefühl 86–7, 88
Glaube 86–7
on human reason 86–7
pantheism controversy 610–11
and transcendental philosophy 253, 255–6, 269
Jakobson, Roman 71
Jameson, Fredric 236
Janaway, Christopher 568
Jungius, Joachim 268
Kant, Immanuel 26–7, 147, 264, 268–9, 370–1, 603–4, 611
and anthropology 528, 541–2
and apriority 246–7, 248–9
and autonomy 557–62, 563, 566
categorical imperative 558–9, 566–8, 607–8
on cognition 13, 26–7, 85, 246, 253
‘Copernican revolution’ 346, 349–50, 352–3, 354
(p. 806)
and criticism 632–6
and dialectical reason 288–96
Ding an sich 354–5
and enlightenment 634, 635
and epistemology 126–7
eudaimonism 608–9
and experiences 292–3
and freedom 260–2, 292, 557–62, 563
and genius 303
and God, existence of 495–6, 498–9, 500, 501
and government 635–6
happiness 608–9
and Hellenic ideal 605–10, 614
and knowledge 198, 244, 351–2
on logic 257–8
on metaphysics 248–9
and morality 711
and perception 271–3
and phenomenology 307
and Plato 606–8, 609
and reason 244, 246–7, 288–96, 638
and self as object 546
and transcendental idealism 250, 251
and transcendental philosophy 214–15, 244–7, 276–7, 367–8
Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics (Heidegger) 529, 541–2, 544–5
Karl Marx's Theory of History (G. A. Cohen) 228
Kautsky, Karl 212, 224
Kelly, Sean 430 n. 27
Kenny, Anthony 350 n.
Kierkegaard, Søren 404 n., 696, 705–6
and Christianity 498
criticism of Hegel 397, 399
Kim, Jaegwon 337, 455
knowledge 288
innate 351–2
Kant on 198, 244, 351–2
subjectivity of 194
Knowledge and Human Interests (Habermas) 226, 321–2
Kojève, Alexandre 150
Krugman, Paul 750 n.
Kuhn, Thomas 189–93, 194, 197
Kuhnian problematic 183, 189–92, 193, 194–5, 196
Lachelier, Jules 181
Ladrière, Jean 184
Lakatos, Imre 193
Lambert, J. H. 307
Lamprecht, Karl 172
language 697
animal use of 72–4
Derrida and 703–5
and individuality 397–8
philosophy of 34, 41
and thought 35, 37–8
Laocoon: An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetry (Lessing) 592–3, 598
Lectures on the Philosophy of World History (Hegel) 392 n. 19
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm 160, 350, 401–2
Lessing, Gotthold 160, 592–3, 598
‘Letter on Humanism’ (Heidegger) 575, 671, 687–98, 702–3
Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man (Schiller) 601–2, 604, 605
Lettres à Malesherbes (Rousseau) 555
liberalism 237–8
literature 109–10
Locke, John 381
Logic (Hegel) 215, 220, 562
Logical Investigations (Husserl) 358–61, 362, 363, 368
Logical Structure of the World, The (Carnap) 334–5
Lotze, Hermann 277
Lowith, Karl 574
Lukács, Georg 131–3, 216–19, 655, 684, 686–7
and immanent criticism 641–2
reification 217–18
and Sartre, criticism of 680–1
McCarthy, Thomas 196–7
McEwan, Ian 470
MacIntyre, Alasdair 153
McIntyre, R. 447 n.
Madness and Civilization (Foucault) 730–2
Maimon, Salomon 252
Mann, Thomas 104
Mannheim, Karl 221
Mao Zedong 739 n.
Marburg School 149–50, 277, 278, 280, 282
Marcuse, Herbert 637 n. 31
Martin, Michael 412 n. 6
Marx, Karl 210–16, 234, 572, 618, 748
and being human 527
and Christianity 55–6
class ideology, theory of 55–6
(p. 807)
on consciousness 129
hermeneutics of suspicion 54, 55–6
and historicism 157
history of philosophy 128–30, 142, 148
and morality 733–41, 748–52
and rationality 640
on religious belief 55–6
science, model of 237
value, theory of 212–13
Marxism 55 n. 76, 210–39, 648
Analytical Marxism 227, 228, 238
Austro-Marxism 227–8
commodity fetishism 213, 217
and egalitarian liberalism 237–8
and existentialism 680–7
Habermas and 221, 224–7
Hardt and Negri and 229–31, 236, 239
history of philosophy 130–3, 146, 150
Horkheimer and 219–20
and humanism 680–7
and intersubjectivity 225, 234–5
proletariat 216–19, 234
reification 217–18, 220
subjectivity 211, 216–21, 225, 226, 230–3, 235–6
universal class 233–5
mathematics 12, 13
Maus, Ingeborg 561
meaning 37–9, 59
anti-psychologism about 59–60
creation of 473–5
death of 467, 470–1; see also absurdity
Gadamer 61–5
Hegel and 49–51
and interpretation 33–5
of life 463–92
Schlegel on 45–6, 47–8
Schleiermacher on 42, 43
unconscious 47–8
meaning of life
Christianity and 464–5, 470–1, 473
nihilism and 463–92
Meditations (Descartes) 348, 349
Meinecke, Friedrich 155, 165, 172–3, 174, 177–8
Mendelssohn, Moses 606, 610–11
Menger, Carl 175
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 525, 686, 687, 700
on Bergson 204–6
and freedom 684–5
and humanism 683–5, 694
on phenomenology 201–2
philosophy of art 96–8, 101–2, 105–6
and science 182, 200–4, 353–4
and self as object 545–7, 548–50
metalinguistics 71–2
metaphysics 244–5
as first philosophy 347–9, 350
general 245
Heidegger and 690–1
and historicism 156, 157
Kant on 248–9
Kant's ‘Copernican revolution’ in 346, 349–50, 352–3, 354
special 245
Metaphysics (Adorno) 401 n. 33
Meyers, Diana 552
Meyerson, Émile 181
Mill, John Stuart 147
Mille plateaux (Deleuze) 229
Minima Moralia (Adorno) 647
Mitdasein 540
mob psychology 193
Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de 174
Moore, G. E. 374, 375
morality 496–8, 711
and autonomy 262–3, 558–65, 566–7
capitalism and 734
and critical theory 661–70
Foucault and 726–33, 746–7
and freedom 260–1
Freud and 721–6
Hegel and 638–9
and historicism 168–9
Horkheimer and 643–4
and human flourishing 733–4
as ideology 736–7
Marx and 733–41, 748–52
Nietzsche and 566–7, 715–21, 741–5
reason and 291–2, 294–5
Morality Critics 711–54
assessment of 741–54
Direct 713–33
Indirect 733–41
Möser, Justus 156–7, 166, 167, 174
(p. 808) MPS (morality in the pejorative sense) 712
Direct Morality Critics and 713–21, 725, 742, 743–4
and human flourishing 733–4, 752
Indirect Morality Critics and 714, 733–4, 738–41
Müller, Johannes Peter 271
Myth of Sisyphus, The (Camus) 455, 466
naive realism 374–5
nativism 270–1
natural law tradition 165–6, 167–8
natural science 265–6, 335, 336–7
naturalism 11, 236–7, 286, 356
and affect 78–9, 81
and art 78–9, 81, 113, 115, 116
and historicism 11, 157–8
see also psychologism
Nazism 66 n. 107, 485
Nausea (Sartre) 673–4, 676
Negative Dialectics (Adorno) 220, 401 n. 34, 649, 657 n.
Negri, Antonio 229–31, 236, 239
Nehamas, Alexander 620 n. 69
Nell, Onora 559
neo-classicism 82
Neuhouser, Frederick 553
New Critics 33 n. 14
Nicod, Jean 200
Niebuhr, Barthold Georg 156, 161
Niethammer, F. F. 671–2
Niethammer, Friedrich Immanuel 616
Nietzsche, Friedrich 404 n., 601
Apollonian/Dionysian duality 618–20
and autonomy 566–70
and Christianity 484, 492, 498, 720, 742, 744
and conscience 566–7
and critical theory 628
and death of God 463–5
existence of God 502–4
and freedom 566–70
and happiness 718–19
hermeneutics of suspicion 54–5
and historicism 172
history of philosophy 133–8, 142, 148
and human flourishing 715, 716
and morality 566–7, 715–21, 741–5
and nihilism 473–7
perspectivism 621
philosophy of art 95–6
ressentiment 56
romantic imperative 620
and suffering 717, 718–19
unconscious meanings 56–7
will to power 472, 474, 476
nihilism 253, 285, 286
Camus and 466–73
Heidegger and 482–92
and Holistic Monism 269
and meaning of life 463–92
Nietzsche and 473–7
Sartre and 477–82
Noë, Alva 443 n. 44
non-conformity 483
Notebooks for an Ethics (Sartre) 678–80, 682, 698
Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg) 93, 311, 524
and absolute identity 312
consciousness 91
on Fichte's I/Not-I 90
andFrühromantik 616, 617
and historicism 175
and romanticization 312–13
Nozick, Robert 745
objectivity 193–4
Oeser, Friedrich 599
Of Grammatology (Derrida) 703–5
On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry (Schiller) 600, 614
On the Genealogy of Morals (Nietzsche) 566–7, 601
‘On the Jewish question’ (Marx) 735
ontology 19, 20, 139
fundamental 370–6
Order of Things, The (Foucault) 699–700
Oshana, Marina 581
pantheism controversy 610–11
Parallelism 84, 93 n. 27, 116
Pascal, Blaise 350
Passmore, John 113–14
Pater, Walter 599 n. 20
Pears, David 633 n. 16
perception 269–76
Hegel and 389–90
Heidegger and 372
Helmholtz and 270–5
Husserl and 362–6, 368–70, 444–5
Kant and 271–3
phenomenology of 200–4, 206
projective theory of 343–4
perfectionism 638
personal autonomy 576–84
(p. 809) perspectivism 621
Phädon oder über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele (Mendelssohn) 606
‘Phenomenological Fundamental Meditation’ (Husserl) 365
phenomenological reduction (Husserl) 417–44
alternative interpretation 444–53
components of 418–22
content externalism 424–5, 426–44
content internalism 422
textual evidence for 423–6
phenomenology 10–14, 138 n. 38, 149–50, 409–10
and being in the world 525
and description 17–22
Hegel and 307–8
Heidegger and 18–20, 22–3, 24, 534
and interpretation 18–19, 24–5
and intuition 13–17, 19, 26
Kant and 307
of perception 200–4, 206
phenomena and 22–4
systematic unity of 26–8
transcendental 356–70
Phenomenology of Perception (Merleau-Ponty) 353, 525, 545–7, 683–5, 694 n.
Phenomenology of Spirit (Hegel) 306–7, 334, 613–14, 615, 641
autonomy 562, 563–4
individuality 387–90, 398
philology 622–3
Philosophical Aestheticism 75–116
affect 75–9, 80–1
cognition 78–9, 80, 83
contemporary persuasiveness of 111–16
criticism of 107–11
German Romanticism and 85–96
Hegel and 107–8, 110
Sartre and 109–10
strategy of 76–85
twenty-first century 96–107
philosophism 208
‘Philosophy as a Rigorous Science’ (Husserl) 364
Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks (Nietzsche) 618
Philosophy of Arithmetic (Husserl) 357–8
Philosophy of History (Hegel) 613–14
Philosophy of Mind (Hegel) 393 n. 20
Philosophy of Right (Hegel) 562, 564–5
Pinel, Philippe 731–2
Pippin, Robert 583–4
Plato/Platonism 359–60
cave myth 689–90
Kant and 606–8, 609
and meaning of being 532
and self-governance 552
‘Plato's Doctrine of Truth’ (Heidegger) 689–90
Plekhanov, Georgi 212
Poetik und Hermeneutik (research group) 151
poetry 92, 100
Poincaré, Henri 181
politics and critical theory 652–61
‘Politics of Health in the Eighteenth Century, The’ (Foucault) 729
Popper, Karl 176–7, 338
positivism 156, 200, 236
Posterior Analytics (Aristotle) 346
Potts 595 n. 15
pragmatic history 168
Prantl, Carl 175
Prolegomena to Logical Investigations (Husserl) 364
Prolegomena to Pure Logic (Husserl) 359, 360–1
‘Proof of the External World’ (Moore) 374
Propylaea (Goethe) 599
Pseudoproblems in Philosophy (Carnap) 371
psychological determinism 477–8
psychological idealism 367
psychologism 11, 277–8, 359
psychology 279–80, 281, 357, 364–5
Psychology from the Empirical Point of View (Brentano) 357
pure reason 244, 246–7
Pyrrhonism 616
qualia 378, 412 n. 6
‘Question’ (Heidegger) 575–7
Quine, Willard Van Orman 334–5, 336, 345
Ranke, Leopold von 161
and historicism 156, 157, 159, 168–9, 174–5, 178
and natural law tradition 166
rationalism 185–6, 191–2
rationality 143–6, 192–7, 640, 641, 648–9
and critical theory 636–9
instrumental 645–7
see also reason
Rawls, John 237–8, 631, 739 n.
Reading Capital (Althusser) 222
reason 136, 288–9
Fichte and 263–4, 265
and German Idealism 256–69, 296–7
and identity in difference 296–310
Jacobi on 86–7
Kant on 244, 246–7, 638
and morality 291–2, 294–5
objective 645
subjective 645
unity of 296–310, 315
Reflections on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and Sculpture (Winckelmann) 590, 592–3
Rehberg, A. W. 156–7, 168
Reich, Klaus 606 n. 35
reification 217–18, 220
‘Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat’ (Lukács) 686–7
Reinhold, Karl Leonard 258, 611
Relation of Skepticism to Philosophy, The (Hegel) 615, 616
relativism 65, 167–71, 172, 173
religion 353
Freud and 722 n. 13
and guilt 509–10
Hegel and 266–7
Marx and 55–6
and selfhood/self-identity 507–11, 512–14
see also Christianity; God
Religion (Kant) 560
representation 412–17, 427–8, 432–8, 443
Republic (Plato) 552
‘Results of the Immediate Production Process, The’ (Marx) 216
Richards, I. A. 110, 111
Rickert, Heinrich 167, 170, 172, 281–2
Ricoeur, Paul 54
Rilke, R. M. 523
Roads to Freedom, The (Sartre) 676
Roemer, John 228
Rømer, Ole 350
Rorty, Richard 154
Rosen, Michael 748–50, 751
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 552–7, 594, 650
Rowlands, Mark 422
Russell, Bertrand 374–5
Ryle, Gilbert 378
Sartre, Jean-Paul 15, 483, 696, 698
and absurdity 480–1
and autonomy 570–3
and bad faith 480, 482
and consciousness 693
and existentialism 477–82, 672–80, 691–3, 706
and finitude 516, 519–22
and humanism 671, 672–80, 681–2, 687, 691
interview with New Left Review 572–3
on Marxism 55 n. 76
and nihilism 477–82
on Philosophical Aestheticism 109–10
and psychological determinism 477–8
and subjectivity 693
Savigny, Friedrich 156, 161, 166
Scanlon, T. M. 633 n. 16
scepticism 247
Hellenic ideal and 611–12, 615–16
and transcendental philosophy 246–8, 249–50, 255–6
Schaeffer, Jean-Marie 110–11
Scheler, Max 78 n., 202
Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Josef 161, 266
criticism of Hegel 396
and genius 303–4
and Hellenic ideal 596
philosophy of art 94–5
philosophy of identity 612–13
and reason, unity of 301–4
and transcendental philosophy 259, 264–5, 268
Schiller, Friedrich 594, 596, 599–603, 604
on art 87–8, 89, 115
on beauty 113
and Goethe 599–600, 624
and Hellenic ideal 602–3, 605, 614, 624–5
and Wieland 624
Schlegel, August Wilhelm 616
Schlegel, Friedrich 93, 175, 311
and art 91–2, 616–17, 620
confusion in texts 46–7
and hermeneutics 36, 45–8
and irony 313–14
romantic imperative 620
thought and meaning 45–6, 47–8
Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst
and authorial psychology 35, 42–3, 44–5
and divination 36, 42
and hermeneutics 30, 32, 40–5
holism 42, 43–4
meaning 42, 43
(p. 811)
philosophy of language 41
Schmid, Carl Christian Erhard 259
Schmitt, Carl 231 n. 40
Schnädelbach, Herbert 630 n. 8
Schneewind, Jerome 551
Schoenberg, Arnold 104
Schopenhauer, Arthur 471, 620
and historicism 162–3, 171–2
philosophy of art 115
and self 546
Schulze, Gottlob Ernst (Aenesidemus) 145–6, 612, 616
science 222–3, 237, 353–4
critical attitude 181–2, 183–97
Descartes and 353
fact of 276–85
group consensus and 193–4, 195–6
history as 159–63, 173
Husserl and 353–4
idealism and 191–2
ontological attitude 181, 182, 197–209
philosophy as 9, 10–12, 13–15, 17, 20–2, 25–6, 27–8
philosophy of 180–209
positivist attitude 181
rationalism and 191–2
realism and 191–2
social practice and 195, 196
Science of Logic (Hegel) 391 n. 16, 392 n. 18, 396 n. 23
scientism 208
Searle, John 70, 441 n. 40
self/selfhood
Merleau-Ponty and 545–7, 548–50
religion and 507–11, 512–14
self-understanding 40, 48
Sellars, Wilfrid 345, 419, 564
semantic holism 43–4
semantics 28–9, 32
sense (Sinn) 444–6
Sertillanges, Père 201
Sidgwick, Henry 711
Siècle de Louis XIV (Voltaire) 168
Siep, Ludwig 565
Skinner, Quentin 36, 68–70
Smart, J. J. C. 571
Smith, D. W. 447 n.
Soames, Scott 27–8
social constructivism 487–8
Social Contract (Rousseau) 552–4, 556
Socratism 134, 135–7
Soldati, Gianfranco 446 n. 49
Sophocles 489
souls in animals 190
Southwest German (Baden/Heidelberg) School 277, 278–9, 281, 282, 284
speech act theory 322, 324
Spinoza, Benedict de 299
Steiner, George 183 n. 2
Stern, Robert 638 n. 32
Stoics/Stoicism 608–9, 657 n.
Stoljar, Natalie 577
Stolnitz, Jerome 114
Strauss, David 464
Strawson, P. F. 431–2, 479
subjectivity 193–4, 216–21, 230–3, 235–6
consciousness as 693
constitutive 211, 221–2, 225, 226, 230, 231, 235
Subversivism 84–5, 96, 106
suffering 317, 718–20
Freud and 722–5
Nietzsche and 717, 718–19
suicide 466–7
suicide bombers 465
Sylvae Criticae (Herder) 598
Symphilosophie 314
System of Transcendental Idealism (Schelling) 268
‘Tactics and Ethics’ (Lukács) 641
Taylor, Charles 153, 576
technology 488–91
theology 19–20
Theories of Surplus Value (Marx) 213–14
Theory of Communicative Action (Habermas) 579, 661, 670 n. 134
Theory of Justice, A (Rawls) 237–8
Thompson, Edward 224
thought 35, 37–9, 45–6, 47–8
thought experiments
brain-in-a-vat 377–8
destruction of the world 366
Strawson-Brewer 431–2
superblindsighter 414
Thousand Plateaus, A (Deleuze and Guattari) 405
Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Nietzsche) 718
totalitarianism 648, 650, 654 n. 85, 659, 666
‘Towards a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy’ (Feuerbach) 398
‘Traditional and Critical Theory’ (Horkheimer) 644
transcendental axiology 282, 284
(p. 812) transcendental idealism 250, 251, 267, 282
transcendental philosophy 113, 114–15, 244–6, 277, 278, 283–4
and apriority 246–8, 279–80
and consciousness 260
and empiricism 250
Fichte and 262, 268–9, 278, 298
Fischer and 275–6, 278
Fries and 253–6, 268–9, 278
German Idealism and 280, 282–3
Habermas and 320–7
Heidegger and 284–5
Helmholtz and 270–5, 278
humanity and 251–2
Jacobi and 253, 255–6, 269
Marburg School and 277, 278, 280, 282
and metaphysics 248–9
psychology and 279–80, 281
scepticism and 246–8, 249–50, 255–6
Schelling and 259, 264–5, 268
science and 276–85
Southwest German School and 277, 278–9, 281, 282, 284
Windelband and 269 n. 59, 278, 281
transcendental realism 267
transcendental reflection 421–2
transfiguration 317
Trendelenburg, Adolf 276, 280
Troeltsch, Ernst 172–3, 175
Tugendhat, Ernst 152, 574
Twilight of the Idols (Nietzsche) 744
‘Two Concepts of Liberty’ (Berlin) 554
understanding
dialectical 288–96
Habermas and 323–4
Heidegger and 16–17, 22, 25
and sensibility 251
universalism
Habermas and 321–2, 324–7
Hegel's concrete universal 385–95, 407–8
value objectivity
Adorno and 315–20
German Romanticism and 311–15
Habermas and 320–7
Visible and the Invisible, The (Merleau-Ponty) 700
Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet) 168
Wagner, Peter 660 n. 100
Walzer, Michael 632, 733
War Diaries (Sartre) 677
Weber, Max 217, 666 n. 125
Wegelin, Jacob 156, 160
Weimar Classicism 596, 600, 601–2, 604
Welshon, Rex 569
Weltanschauung philosophy 10–11, 20
‘What is an Author?’ (Foucault) 700–1
‘What is Enlightenment?’ (Foucault) 698, 701–2
‘What is Metaphysics?’ (Heidegger) 690–1
White, Nicholas 610
White, Richard 570
Wieland, Christoph Martin 624
will to power 472, 474, 476
Will to Power, The (Nietzsche) 716
Williams, Bernard 154, 560, 571, 752–3
Willis, Thomas 190
Winckelmann, Johann Joachim 598–9, 611
and Hellenic ideal 589–97, 622, 623–4
Windelband, Wilhelm
and relativism 167, 170, 172
and transcendental philosophy 269 n. 59, 278, 281
Wissenschaftslehre (Fichte) 264, 612
Wittgenstein, Ludwig 25, 70, 546
Wolf, Susan 577
Wolff, Christian 160
Wood, Allen 563, 738–9
Yovel, Yirmiyahu 302
Zahavi, Dan 450 n.
Zeitschrift für Socialforschung (journal) 627