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date: 18 October 2019

(p. 687) Index

(p. 687) Index

Abdelal, R.326
Abel, R. L.291
absorption171
accounting326, 390
studies607
actors42, 71, 184
and institutions43, 54, 57, 64–5, 67–8, 70, 73, 75, 81
and rules51–2, 53, 64–5
behaviour of64, 66–7
capabilities of79–80
choices of64, 78, 99
collective69–70, 71, 282, 283–4, 471
economic186, 454
elite263, 264
interests of66–8, 69, 75, 100–1, 103, 105–6
non‐state255, 258, 267 see also soft actor concept
ACVT639 n. 25
adaptive functionalism671–2
adversarial legalism234–5, 292, 294, 298, 299
advertising370
AEA19–20
Afghanistan588, 589, 590, 594
Africa4, 7, 95, 222, 227, 591–2, 594, 595, 597
East590
sub‐Saharan588, 589
West589, 590 see also individual countries
agency
human26, 29, 129, 131 see also costs; institutions; theory
Aghion, P.565
Aglietta, M.628 n. 5
Aguilera, R.283, 443
AIDS588, 590
Albania567
Algeria592
al‐Qaeda588, 598
Alvarez, A. S.221
Amable, B.122, 124, 125, 126–7, 132, 154
ambiguity32, 78–9, 80, 103, 105, 106, 264
American dollar, the226, 227
Amgen348
Amherst College23
Amin, Idi591
Amsterdam exchange619
analysis
cluster107
comparative154, 177
configurational155
event history107
factor155
Foucauldian267
Gramscian256
historical67
micro‐macro174
multilevel173–4, 176
panel155–6, 164
sensitivity169
statistical140, 141, 142, 144, 152
Anand, N.370
Ansell, C.32
Aoki, M.66–7, 81, 124, 126
apparel industry538–9
APSA20
APV481
Arab countries588
arbitrage295–6, 358
Argentina147
Arrighi, G.212 n.
ASCON552
Asia4, 7, 69, 222, 237, 261, 263, 357, 378, 456, 646
East195–9, 201, 203, 312, 369
Pacific369, 386, 463, 469
1997–8 financial crisis in6, 104, 199, 264 see also individual countries
assumptions
ceteris paribus151
simplifying145, 148, 149, 159–60, 161–3, 172
auctions232–3
Audi545 n. 5
Austin, J. L.266
Australasia4
Australia157, 161, 344, 404, 413
Austria19, 157, 160, 339, 344, 404, 407, 470, 512, 619, 643, 645–6
Austrian‐Hungarian empire280
authority473, 477–8 (p. 688)
relationships469, 471–2, 475
sharing460–1, 464, 465–6, 476, 480–5
Babb, S. L.120, 240
Baden Württemberg529
Bahrain636
Balcerowicz, Leszek567
Baltic States567
bank disintermediation315–16
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)318, 319 n., 604, 614
Bank of England245 n., 289
banks65, 73–4, 97, 200 n., 245, 311, 351, 615–16
bargaining154, 471, 475, 476
collective45, 47, 49, 72, 284
wage52, 339, 412–13 see also Germany
Barings Bank245
Barnett, M.263–4, 266
Bartels, L.402
Bartley, T.263
Basel regulations318
Bassanini, A.408
Bates, R.95, 594
Baumol, W. J.408
Bavaria288
Beckert, J.224
behaviour432
business480–1
levels141
market191
opportunistic373, 374, 378, 385
producer228–9 see also actors
Belarus572
Belgium159, 160, 164, 404, 407, 612, 644, 645–6 see also Brussels
Belkin, A.151
Bellandi, M.552
Berger, P. L.66, 155
Berk, G.285
Berkowitz, D.141
Berle, A.605
Berlin Wall237
Bernard, Claude142
Bernstein, P.602
Best, J.264
Beunza, D.219
Biggart, N. W.621
biotechnology193–4, 201, 222, 345
Black, Fisher602
Black‐Scholes formula216, 232, 602
Black‐Scholes‐Merton model322
Blanchard, O. J.565
Blaschke, S.407
Blau, F.412
Block, F.221, 621
Blyth, M.105, 263, 625 n. 1
BMW544
Bohr, Nils118
Boix, C.402
Bokros, Lajos578
Boltanski, L.214, 231
Boole, George144
Boolean
algebra146, 162, 175
approaches151, 164–5, 172
minimization146, 149, 159, 171
operators145
Borrus, M.337
Bosch314
Boston355, 358
Botswana596–7
Botzem, S.241
bounds approach176
Bourdieu, P.65, 77 n. 2, 133, 265, 275–6, 289
Boyer, R.154, 364, 366–7, 369, 372, 505 n.
Braudel, F.213, 217, 222
Brazil197, 537, 543, 544, 593 see also car industry
Bretton Woods system226, 311, 478
collapse of365, 381
bricolage131–2
and recombination32 see also institutional change
Broome, A.253 n.
Brussels325
Bulgaria567, 568, 572
Bull, H.296
bureaucracy263–4, 326 see also governance
Burt, R. S.230
Bush, George W.214
business systems approach281–2
California23
Callon, M.216, 233
Calmfors, L.44
Caloffi, A.552
Cambridge354, 358
Cambridge Journal of Economics606 n.
Campbell, J. L.28, 98, 117 n. 1, 119, 126, 131, 188, 211 n., 220, 262, 275 n., 363 n., 625 n. 1
Canada157, 161, 256, 344, 404, 407, 413, 505
capital
mobility thesis321
patient311, 313, 314, 329, 346, 465
risk373–4, 384
(p. 689) capitalism88, 94, 97, 102, 107, 125, 154, 214, 223, 231, 278–9
American291, 435 n., 453–4
Anglo‐American619
Anglophone133
comparative65 n., 183–4, 202–3, 217, 313–14, 343
contemporary604, 605, 620–1, 661, 666
financial601–4
German80, 131
Golden Age of44, 626
Japanese131, 198, 454
market79, 237
Northern Irish134
people's567
post‐war365
South African134 see also development; financial capitalism; institutions; models; varieties of capitalism; venture capitalism; Weber, Max
car industry94, 367, 386, 541, 545
American369, 393, 531, 551
Brazilian391
European393, 531
German484, 543, 545 n. 5
Japanese393, 535
Caribbean, the590
Carlyle Capital619
Carruthers, B.104, 120, 218, 226, 299
cartels227, 239–40, 285, 458
Casper, S.380
categories164–5, 166
Caterpillar544
Caucasus, the589
causal
configurations145, 146, 147
factors140, 141, 144, 151, 168, 171, 177
reductions143, 153
trees147, 149–50, 151–2, 153 see also inferences
causality140, 142–3
conjunctural145–6, 148
multiple144, 145–6
spurious151–2
Cawson, A.379
Cayman Islands610, 619
Cederman, L.‐E.151–2
Celler‐Kefauver Act434
Cerny, P. G.641 n. 28
Chandler Jr., A. D.93, 284, 368, 374, 434, 435 n., 461, 462, 463, 464 see also firms
Chaudhary, S.253 n.
Checkel, J. T.257, 259, 267
Chiapello, E.214, 231
Chicago265, 298, 355
School of Economics23, 186
China7, 90, 104, 144, 200, 223, 237, 293, 381, 390, 453, 537, 539, 543, 544, 549, 550, 552, 594
financial systems in312, 318 see also Hong Kong
Chwieroth, J. M.265
Ciepley, D.185 n.
clarity151–2
Clark, G.610
Clemens, E.27
clientelism568
Clinton, Bill628, 629
coalitions439–40, 441
Coase, R.501
Cobden, Richard213
coercion240, 261, 263, 322
cognition30 see also institutions
Cohen, B. J.326
coherence26, 28, 81, 122, 125
institutional17, 24, 27, 30, 46, 50, 403–4, 408, 409
systemic195, 202
Cold War185, 592
Coleman, J.174, 175, 177
collaboration532, 533, 535, 536, 540, 541, 544, 547–8, 551
collective competition goods377, 390
Colombia588
Columbia University18
Commission of the European Communities628, 635 n. 14, 638, 639 n. 24, 642–3, 644 n. 39
commodification678, 680, 683
commodities215–16, 223
Commons, J. R.20
Legal Foundations of Capitalism by279
communism154, 185 n., 224, 240, 566 see also Europe; post‐communist states; Russia
comparative institutional analysis66, 75, 78, 81, 212, 253, 276, 661
and financialization604, 617, 620
criticism of76
history of88–9
meaning and nature of4–5, 63, 65–6, 88
comparative political economy89, 107, 604, 605, 628 n. 5, 630
scholarship71, 91, 93, 105, 313, 424, 606
comparative statics27, 41
approaches44, 46, 88, 94
competence destruction372, 373
competition96, 240–1, 262
and regulation238
competition models365
and supporting conditions373–80, 381–8
changing388–91
definition of366
types of366–72
(p. 690) competitiveness
definition of institutional647–9
complementarity104 , 117, 145, 155, 634
and economics124–6, 127, 129, 154, 173
and functionalism129–32
and political science154, 173
and sociology154, 173
as similarity121–4
compensating638
constructed640, 641, 645 n.
difficulties with126–32
institutional42, 46, 50, 76, 78, 91, 100, 101–2, 103, 105, 107, 124, 134, 154–5, 163, 173, 194, 202, 345–6, 403–4, 441, 649
scholarly uses of118–21, 122 see also financial systems
complex interdependence concept255, 258, 267
computer industries355, 372
concept of institutional competitiveness (CIC)630, 636, 648 see also European Union
configurations154–5, 159–64, 170–2, 175
institutional157 see also causal
conflict and disorder24, 34–5 see also institutional change
constrained state hypothesis188–9, 190–1
contagion effects245–6
Cook, J.27
cooperation52
and institutions403, 407–8
coordination30, 157–8, 164, 343, 345, 355–6
firm440–1
labour155
Copenhagen628
Corning Glass462
corporate control457, 459, 465, 470, 473, 475, 476
corporate governance65, 97, 132, 161, 184, 282, 351
and financial systems310, 311, 312–13, 323–4
and industrial relations126, 128
and law and economics425–30, 443
comparative73–5
in CMEs351–2
in LMEs350–1
institutional diversity in430–42
literature140, 327
measures of156
politics in436–42, 443–4
sociology in430–6, 444 see also Germany; Japan; United States of America
corporatism72, 184
neo‐339, 408
corporatist
concertation402, 407, 408, 414–15
coordination155, 159–61
costs
agency427–8, 437, 439, 443
coordination386, 387, 388
outrage436
sunk259, 260
cotenability151–2
counterfactuals148–53
coupling104
de‐436
Cravath, Paul291, 293
creative destruction265
credit crunch see financial crisis (2007–9)
crisp
logic169, 171
sets156, 164–5, 166, 172
critical junctures92
Croatia567, 636
Cronbach alpha169
Crouch, C.28, 118 n. 3, 124, 125, 131, 203, 211 n., 212 n., 377, 516, 625 n. 1, 638 n. 22, 640 n. 27
CSR643 n. 36
currencies226–7
Cusack, T.407, 442
Czech Republic543, 545 n. 5, 550, 569, 572, 577, 578, 579, 581
Czechoslovakia567, 581
Darwin, Charles128 n., 663 n., 671–6
Darwin, Erasmus671
Davos635
Dawson, J.566
DAX, the246
de Morgan's Law149, 162
Deakin, S.499, 501
Declaration of the Rights of Man289
decolonization589, 590
Deeg, R.125, 134
Delaware283
Delors, Jacques628
Democratic Republic of the Congo588, 591, 592
Denmark45, 47, 51, 119, 126, 131, 160, 285, 377, 382, 385, 407, 410, 550, 552, 626, 642 n. 34, 643–4, 645–7, 648
as a CME404
employment in509
firms in386, 390 see also Copenhagen; Jutland
(p. 691) deregulation46–7, 187, 236, 641
financial317, 318, 364
market237, 321
development595–7
American201
and democracy592–4
capitalist677–83 see also institutional change
developmental states189, 196–9
Devroye, D.412
Dezalay, Y.234, 297, 298
diffusion69, 92, 141, 174, 261
and institutional change95–7
and markets240, 241
isomorphic97
of institutions28
of methods and ideas51, 175, 326
theories99
DiMaggio, P.16 n., 31, 96 n.
disintegrated production528, 546–53
development of529, 532–3
globalization536–46, 551–3
nature of530
varieties534–6, 547–8
Djelic, M.‐L.26, 240, 241
Dobbin, F.91, 94
Dominican Republic636
Donne, John212
Dore, R.155
Dornbusch, R.629
dot.com boom and bust519–20
doux commerce thesis213–14
Dow Jones, the246
DQP339–40, 341, 365, 371, 378–9, 382, 384, 391, 392
flexible367, 372
industries343
strategies364
Dreher, A.190
Drezner, D. W.261
Driffill, J.44
Duina, F. G.228, 299, 625 n. 1
DuPont314
Durand, J.‐P.369
Durkheim, Emile17, 23, 29, 77, 80, 211, 278, 280 n. 3, 659, 670, 676, 678–80, 682
Duval, R.408
East India Company224
East Timor590
Ebbinghaus, B.131
ECJ297
ecological fallacy141–2, 176
econometrics172 see also models
economic
geography608
growth155–63
incentives443
nationalism239 see also sociology
economics66, 145, 233–4, 602, 635, 659–60
and the German Historical School17, 18–19
institutional16, 26, 343, 353
literature186
micro‐256
neo‐classical621, 626, 665, 675, 676
neo‐liberal214, 236–9
economies119, 185, 437
advanced310, 315, 316, 318, 325, 340, 344, 427, 437, 441, 442, 468, 516
Anglophone203
Anglo‐Saxon426
Asian369
differences between141
knowledge193–4, 519
of scale340, 366, 367–9, 376, 464
regional355–6
state socialist381, 385
Economy & Society606 n.
Edelman, L. B.277
education381, 387, 391, 404, 512, 648 see also United States of America
Edwards, R.231
Ehrlich, Eugen281, 286
Fundamental Principles of the Sociology of Law by280
Eichengreen, B.322
Einstein, Albert666
Eisenstadt, S. N.568
elective affinity see Wahlverwandschaft
electronic data interchange (EDI)386
electronics industry367, 386, 388, 538–40
American392, 530
Japanese371, 379, 392–3, 530
Elster, J.176–7
Ely, R. T.19
embeddedness20, 30–2, 197, 230, 431–4
and law288, 290
firm631
in manufacturing532
institutional183
market213, 221, 236, 246
political201
sociological341
EMCO639 n. 25
(p. 692) employee/employer opportunism481, 483, 484, 485
employees370, 373, 380, 390, 437, 486
and employer relations366, 374, 376, 377–8, 379, 384, 387, 464–5, 467, 476, 519, 520
interests of457–8, 466–7, 475
involvement of459–60
representation of284
voice mechanisms of513–14, 516, 518
employers46–8, 49, 54, 195, 370, 374, 380
employment
non‐standard509, 511, 515, 520–1
organization515, 516–18
security505–9, 517, 520–1
employment relationship
authority, work organization and the511–14
change and the515–22
development of the internalized500–4
form variations of the504–15
nature and importance of the internalized497–500
reward and the514–15
time and the510–11
emulation240–1, 261
enabling effect191
energy231
Engels, Friedrich662 n. 4, 667, 669, 678
The German Ideology by278
England119, 218, 280 n. 2, 289, 290, 291, 480, 645
common law in286–7
property rights in223 see also capitalism; economies; law; London; models
English Civil War287
entrepreneurship32, 100, 105, 356
German353
ideational259, 262–3
institutional31, 34, 99, 131–2
legal294
Epstein, C.625 n. 1
equilibria64, 75, 98 n.
multiple64, 145, 322
punctuated27–8, 45, 92, 93, 106, 663–5 see also models; theory
equity
funds318, 320, 602, 607, 610
trade603 see also finance; markets
Erasmus University363 n.
Ergas, H.458
Ericsson356
Ernst, E.124, 126
ESOP73
Esping‐Andersen, G.133
Euro, the227
Euronext317
Europe4, 7, 65, 69, 99, 123, 185 n., 215, 218, 222, 237, 277, 285, 287, 298, 320, 344, 357, 384, 435, 456, 470, 530, 551, 591, 628
central126, 293, 427, 480, 542 n. 2, 566, 595, 626
continental239, 377, 458, 469, 471, 472, 477, 502
eastern79, 126, 293, 469, 566, 595, 626
employment in509, 510–11, 514–15, 519, 521
financial systems/markets in322–3, 325, 326, 327
in the twentieth century595–6
political economies of44, 46, 608, 612
post‐communist90, 104
securitization in317, 614–15
social democracies in437, 438
social model for641–2
European Commission325, 326
European Council635, 639, 641–2
European Securitization Forum610
European Single Market104, 299, 626
European Union (EU)4, 5, 7, 193, 228, 231, 242, 253, 322, 326, 515, 518, 634, 637, 646, 647
and post‐communist states572, 579–80, 582
CIC in the637
directives96, 99, 514, 521
OMC in the638–9, 642 n. 32 see also law
Evans, P.197 n., 630 n. 8
evolution21, 28, 128–9 see also theory
evolutionary biology663 n., 671–7
experimental method142, 144
FARC588
Farrell, H.28
fascism240
fashion industries367
Faust, F.298
FCC232–3
Feenstra, R. C.459
Feldman, M.355
Ferguson, N.218
film industry370
finance602
equity311, 313, 348
firm310, 311, 327–8
(p. 693) financial crisis (2007–9)3, 6, 188, 200, 242, 245–6, 298, 318, 320, 322, 329, 330, 604, 615, 617–18, 619, 620
financial openness612–14
financial systems470, 473, 477–8, 621
and institutional complementarity310, 311, 313–14, 324
bank‐based311, 313, 314, 315, 318, 323, 324, 327–8, 329, 346, 351–2, 471
change in315–30
definition and nature of310
history and development of310–11
insider/stakeholder312–13, 314, 330
market‐based312, 313, 314, 315, 322, 324, 327–8, 330, 346, 384, 471
outsider/shareholder‐oriented313, 330
state‐dominated312, 318, 337
typologies of327 see also corporate governance; Germany; Italy; Japan
financialization316, 320, 329, 604, 609, 621–2
American610–16, 617–18
British610–16, 617–18
compartmentalized617, 619–20
consensual617–18
contested617, 618–19
control328
French610–13, 614 n., 615–16
literature605–9
profit328, 330
Finland160, 404, 407, 410, 511, 643–4, 645, 647, 648
Finnemore, M.259, 262, 263–4, 266
firms71, 256
and internationalization479–86
and networks228–30, 314, 455, 458, 460, 470, 472, 475
and their characteristics467–86
European327
Fordist/Chandlerian529, 530, 531–4, 541
ideal types of462–7, 478
in market economies455–62
law290–6, 297, 299
nature and role of454–5, 459
organizational capabilities of459–61, 462–7, 476, 480, 483–6
Fischer, Stanley189
Fisher, S.629
flexibility642–4, 645, 646
organizational367, 373, 377, 392
flexible mass production of differentiated goods (flexible MPDG)371–2, 391
Fligstein, N.28, 103, 227–8, 284, 434, 435 n.
Flood, J.295
food industry369
Ford480, 542 n. 2, 544
Fordism133, 340, 366–7, 392, 454, 498, 535 see also firms; models
Fourcade, M.214, 234, 264–5
Fourcade‐Gourinchas, M.240
France45, 91, 99, 142, 159, 184, 232, 284, 285 n., 313 n., 344, 401, 407, 413, 427, 437, 636, 645–6, 648
economic growth in406
employment in501, 509, 520
financial systems in311, 312, 329–30
firms in100, 327, 472
industrial policy in336–7, 342–3
investment in328
law in140, 289–90
state activism in438
Frankfurt317
Freeman, C.629
Freeman, R.412
free‐riding378, 382, 384, 425
French régulationiste school125, 130, 133, 501
and the rapport salarial concept498, 505 n.
French Revolution289, 663
Friedman, D.377
Friedman, Milton186, 189
FrontPage372
FTSE246
Fujimoto, T.393
Fukuyama, F.214
functional conversion424
fuzzy sets145, 156 n. 7, 164–7 see also inferences
FX‐trade603
Gaidar, Yegor567–8, 581
Galanter, M.291–2
Galton, Francis141, 146
Galton's Problem141
Gamble, A.119
Garcia‐Parpet, M.‐F.231–2
Garrett, G.122, 190, 402, 407
Garth, B. G.234, 297, 298
Garud, R.28
Gellner, E. A.592–4, 597
Genentech346, 348
General Motors (GM)542 n. 2
German Chamber of Industry and Commerce549
(p. 694) German Civil Code288
German Historical School17–21, 22–3, 24
German International Chamber of Commerce551
German Skills Machine470
Germany16, 45, 51, 55, 79, 97, 99, 106, 122, 126, 157, 160, 195, 340, 351, 378, 390, 427, 470, 512, 596, 620, 645–6, 648
as a CME343, 344, 356, 404, 618
banking in318
biotechnology in352–4, 357–8, 384
Bundesbank in322
co‐determination in68, 132, 284, 312 n. 3, 315, 341–2, 437, 438, 509, 514
corporate governance in282–3, 431, 437
earnings inequality in412–13
economies of99, 517
employment in511, 516, 518, 519
financial regulation and systems in119–20, 311, 324, 329–30, 346
firms in327, 339, 345, 371, 457, 459, 473
industrial relations in53, 72–3, 131, 314, 341–2
innovation in345
investment in328
law and law firms in285, 288–90, 293, 430
markets in239–40
MNCs from480
Nazi288, 589
pension funds in74
training in73, 101, 119, 339, 513
wage bargaining in102, 339, 341
West364, 371
Gerschenkron, A.322, 587, 604
Gestalten117, 125
Giddens, A.65, 77 n. 2
Gilpin, R.256
Gingerich, D.46 n., 122, 126, 155–61, 163–4, 404, 408–9
Gini measures430, 577
Glass Steagall Act200 n.
Glimstedt, H.356
Global Components project542 n. 3, 549
Globalisation Councils647
globalization46, 87, 89, 94, 96, 130, 147, 256, 357
and the state187–8, 190–1
economic184, 277
financial323, 326, 330, 343
Glorious Revolution287
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von123 n. 7, 666 n. 8
Goffman, E.78
gold standard, the225–6
Goodin, R.122, 123
Google346
Gorbachev, Mikhail594
Gould, S. J.663 n., 672
Gourevitch, P.423 n., 439–41, 443
governance266
bureaucratic197, 198–9
economic50, 184–5, 188
firm455–9
global267
good637–8
in terrorist organizations120
government
expenditure190–1
failure187, 196, 401
redistribution414–15
steering401 see also interest groups
Granovetter, M.229, 355, 621
Great Britain18, 45, 91, 102, 184, 193, 285, 288, 357, 428, 438, 590, 595
economy of130, 200
industrial organization and policy in93–4, 336–7
regulation in192, 238–9 see also England; financialization; unions
Great Depression310
Greece154, 636, 646
Greenwood, R.31
Gref, German579
Greico, J. M.256
Greif, A.26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 48, 222
gross domestic product (GDP)405
Guernsey619
Guyana636
Hacker, J.55 n.
Haiti200, 588, 590
Haldane, Andrew245 n.
Hall, P.16 n., 47, 91, 122, 123, 125, 126, 154–61, 163–4, 194, 281, 343–4, 345, 403–4, 408–9, 433, 458, 610
Varieties of Capitalism by46
Hall, R. B.263
Halliday, T.104, 120, 299
Hamilton, G.459
Hampton, J.167 n.
Hanseatic League222
Harvard University23, 24, 191
Law School280 n. 3
Harvey, D.188, 605
Hay, C.122
Hayek, F. A. von227
The Road to Serfdom by214
Healy, K.214
Heckscher, E.629
hedge funds318, 320, 439, 602, 603–4, 607, 610
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich29
Hegemonic Stability Theory260
hegemony34
Helleiner, E.213
Helper, S.386–7
Heraclitus of Ephesus666, 674
Herbst, J.595–6
Herrigel, G.42 n., 50, 51, 53, 55
Herrmann, A.344, 353, 358
heterogeneity32 , 34, 50, 103, 141
institutional344–5
organizational78, 79
Hibbs, D.402
Hicks, A.403, 407
hierarchies76, 120, 125, 130, 477–8, 540
between regions546
firm and organizational89, 93, 531–3, 535
managerial71
Hilferding, R.602, 605
Hirsch, J.641 n. 28
Hirschman, A. O.74, 213, 630 n. 8
Hirst, P.365
historical contingency50
historicism18–23
history670–1
Hobbes, Thomas598
Hobson, J. M.190
Hodgson, G.20
Hollingsworth, R.118 n. 5, 340, 366–7, 372
Hollywood519
Holocaust, the595
homogenization189–90, 192, 194–5
Hong Kong369, 463
Höpner, M.118, 128, 129, 131, 132
Huber, E.55
Hudson Bay Company224
Hume, David142, 148
Hungary545 n. 5, 567, 569, 572, 577, 578, 579–80, 581
Hussein, Saddam588
Hutus590
hybridization51, 79, 240, 241, 517
and the state202–3
institutional28, 99, 102–3, 126
Hyman, R.66
hypocrisy265
Hyundai544
IALS412
IBM462
Iceland612
ideas326
identities72, 164–5
IMD635 n. 14
IMF3 , 96, 155, 187, 190, 253–4, 261, 262, 265, 266, 322, 323, 326, 577, 635 n. 14, 636, 637–8, 640, 647
Articles of Agreement264
imperialism590
and nationalism595, 597
incomes411, 413–14
India7, 144, 197, 200, 223, 237, 293, 537, 544, 593, 597 see also East India Company; Tata
Indonesia104, 588
industrial
districts534
policy401, 406
Industrial Revolution223
industrialization89, 196, 322, 473, 592–3, 670
de‐46
inequality400
and institutions411–16
earnings411–13
employment413–14
inferences
causal141, 143, 149, 154, 165, 176, 177
fuzzy causal168–72
improper152
logical143, 144, 145, 148, 149, 159, 175
inflation402
and deflation225–6
information and communications technology (ICT)194, 198, 322, 372, 381, 390, 602, 610 see also innovation
information sharing285, 387
information technology (IT)193–4, 201, 520
infrastructure588, 591
innovation53, 79–80, 93, 103, 106, 133, 141, 379, 404, 459, 480, 532, 674
American201–2, 346
and institutions339–40, 342–5, 350, 352
and knowledge338–9, 340
and sectoral systems345, 346–7, 353
discontinuous372, 379–81, 387, 391
financial322, 614–15
ICT382 , 385–6, 388, 390–1
in CMEs352–3, 354, 356
in LMEs352, 355, 356
incremental314, 343, 346, 347, 351, 352, 354, 458, 461, 465
races347–8
radical314, 343, 345, 346, 347–8, 350–1, 352–4, 356, 365, 372, 382, 387, 462
scholarship336–7
SME386
strategies342, 343, 351, 353, 354
technological337–8, 344
(p. 696) institutional
complexity102–3
constraints26, 29–32, 51, 77
convergence46–7, 608
development668–71
diversity16, 24, 25, 50, 75, 430–42
dynamics662–8
fluidity50, 52
frameworks338–40, 341, 342–3, 344, 347, 349, 351, 353–4, 434, 435, 440, 441
interconnectedness91, 100, 101–2, 103–4
investors316, 317, 318, 320, 439
reform626, 629, 634, 637
regimes454, 478–9, 482–4
reproduction48, 65, 67, 80, 87, 90–1, 98, 664, 682
resources31–2
sclerosis401, 406
transformations28, 32, 45, 94, 435 see also individual entries
institutional analysis69–70
developments in89
nature of31, 68, 211
institutional change46, 75, 87, 424, 441, 639–40
and bricolage and translation98–100, 103
and capitalist development678–80, 683, 684
and conflict and power struggles97–8
and conversion28, 55, 101, 107, 664–5
and Darwinian evolutionism676
and displacement55, 100–2, 103, 664–5
and drift55, 101, 107, 664–5
and emergence27–9, 32
and exhaustion101–2, 107, 664–5
and functionalism and technical efficiency93–5, 107–8
and layering28, 55, 100–2, 103, 131, 521, 664–5
and politics/political economies46, 49, 94, 97, 100, 102
mechanisms96, 98
nature of45, 49, 436
scholarship76, 80, 91–2, 93–5
theories103–6
types of662–5, 667–8 see also individual entries
institutionalism35, 56
actor‐centred69–70
and economics19–21, 29
and political science19, 21–2, 24, 25, 27, 29, 43, 44, 67–8
and sociology21, 22, 25, 68, 338, 340–1, 342
divides within16–17
historical24, 25, 27, 30, 42–3, 68, 338–9, 340, 660–1, 663–4, 669, 680
history16, 17–18
old18, 19–23, 29–30 see also individual entries
institutionalization65, 66–7, 76–8
de‐32, 34, 79, 80
re‐34
institutions76, 89, 625–6
and action and agency29–32, 51, 54
building of131
cognitive76, 77
corporate161–2
definitions of25–6, 43, 64, 66–7, 107 n., 108
dynamism of99, 637
importance of423–4
labour market43–4, 45–6, 48, 119
nature of2, 26, 27, 29, 33, 81, 664
political439–42
political‐economic45, 54, 87, 679–80
roles of16, 22, 30, 637
transnational34, 256–60, 262–3, 266
vocational training45, 49 see also individual entries
integration
formal220
horizontal103, 104
intellectual property347–8, 380
intentionality29, 32
interest groups401, 406, 438, 503, 511
and governments402, 407
International Court of Arbitration297
International Labour Organization521
international regimes258–9, 260–1
internationalization294, 357, 384, 386, 392–3
economic365, 382, 385
financial311, 319, 612, 618 see also firms; market
Internet93, 346
bubble354
interpretation105
intervention596
non‐591, 595
investment65, 73–5, 188
foreign direct (FDI)479, 612–13
household327–8
R & D336, 337, 371 see also banks; institutional
IOSCO322
IPO427
Iraq588, 597
Ireland160, 198, 344, 400, 404, 539, 610, 612, 636, 644 n. 40
irreversibility665
ISDA295
isomorphism25, 76, 96, 122, 123, 125, 341, 617 see also diffusion
(p. 697) Israel539
Italy51, 99, 160, 285, 344, 390, 415, 427, 529, 530, 646
Christian Democratic Party in94
financial systems/markets in311, 312, 324, 325, 329, 330
industrial districts in548, 549, 550, 552
investment in328 see also Pisa; Prato; Rome
Jabko, N.325–6
Jackson, G.134, 283, 443
Japan4, 7, 97, 125, 160–1, 195, 199, 201, 260, 340, 358, 401, 407, 437, 458, 469, 477, 510, 517, 589, 593
as a CME343, 344, 404
banking in318
corporate governance in78–9, 282–3
earnings inequality in413
economic growth in406
financial systems in312
firms in79, 124, 377, 457, 459, 461–2, 466–7, 483, 536
industrial policy in337
life insurance in74
long‐term employment in79, 124, 481, 499, 508–9, 512, 513, 515–16, 518
MITI337, 338
MNCs from484
organization in66, 93–4
political economy of184
post‐war378, 385, 480
regulation in192
Jersey619
Jessop, B.641 n. 28
Joas, H.77 n. 3
John Deere544
Johns Hopkins University18, 20
Johnson, J.28
Jong, S.357–8
Jordana, J.238
Journal of Post‐Keynesian Economics606 n.
judges287–8, 290 n., 291
judicialization234–5, 291, 292, 297
Jutland529
Kagan, R. A.235, 292, 298
Kahn, L.412
Kaiser, E.190
Kant, Immanuel277, 296
Karnøe, P.28
Karpik, L.289
Kato, J.16 n.
Katzenstein, P.255, 339, 405, 407, 424, 619
Between Power and Plenty by44
Small States in World Markets by628, 630
Keck, M. E.262
keiretsu313, 340
Keleman, R. D.235
Kenworthy, L.126, 403, 407, 414
Keohane, R. O.140, 255–6, 258, 267
After Hegemony by260
Keune, M.516
Keynes, John Maynard264, 498, 605, 632
Keynesianism89, 263, 325, 626, 667 see also production
King, G.140, 142, 152–3, 176
Kirkpatrick, J.593 n. 3
Kitschelt, H.123
Kittel, B.407
KKR619
Klages, P.290 n.
Klaus, Vaclav569
Knight, F.22–3
Knight, J.128
Knill, C.238
knowledge142, 145, 261, 348, 355
codified381, 387
formal322, 379, 380, 387, 391
scientific and technical372, 374, 378, 379, 387
Kogut, B.154 n., 164–5, 172, 174, 429 n. 8, 482
Kohli, A.197 n., 593–4
Kok, W.640 n. 26
Kolbenschmidt‐Pierburg543
Koremenos, B.260
Kornai, J.581
Kosko, B.166
Kraakman, R.454, 486
Krasner, S. D.256, 258, 260, 663, 667
Kratochwil, F.261
Krippner, G.221–2
Kristensen, P. H.119, 133, 386, 390, 481
Krugman, Paul628, 629, 633
Kuhn, Thomas27
La Porta, R.282
Labaton, S.200 n.
labelling202–3
labour223, 231
institutions162
relations161 see also markets
Laing, A. M.190
laissez‐faire404
Laitin, D.48
Lakoff, G.165 n.
Lancaster, R.230
land223
Lange, K.344, 358
Lange, M.589
(p. 698) Lange, P.402, 407
language266, 597
Latin America7, 197, 227, 550, 591 see also neo‐liberalism
law21, 390
American234–5, 298–9
and contract278
and economic organization281–5, 286
and economics18, 21, 64, 141, 145, 234–5, 279–80, 298
Anglo140
anti‐trust74, 97, 103–4, 227, 284
bankruptcy104, 120, 299
civil64, 279, 282, 288, 289, 324, 427, 502
code287–8
commercial430
common64, 279, 282, 286–7, 289, 298, 324, 427, 428, 429 n. 8, 502
company346
competition227, 234–5, 239, 242, 284–5, 298
corporate290 n., 428, 429–30, 431
development of277, 278–9
EU296–7, 511
global295–6
hard296
inheritance282
nature and purpose of275–6, 277
regulatory119–20
Roman4, 277
sociology of280–1
soft104, 238, 262, 293, 295–6, 511, 643 n. 36
state293
trade297
lawyers242, 287–91
Lazarsfeld, P.172
Lazonick, W.459
lead plants543, 544–5, 547, 550
learning240–1, 261
Lechevalier, S.392
Leeson, Nick245
legal
approach to financial system change323–4
decision‐making297
fields276, 277, 286
knowledge298
rules280–1, 297
legalization261
Leibniz, Gottfried672 n. 11
Leifer, E. M.229
Lenschow, A.238
Levi‐Faur, D.192, 238
Levi‐Strauss, Claude131
Levy, J. D.237
Lewis, D.
comparative similarity concept of148, 152, 153
Counterfactuals by148
Lewontin, R. C.663 n., 672
Leyshon, A.608
liberalism184, 186, 254, 256, 311
ordo‐239
political289–90 see also market; neo‐liberalism
liberalization187, 237
economic438–9
financial188, 190, 192
trade188, 190, 193
limited diversity141, 145, 147, 149, 151, 162–3, 172, 177
Lindberg, L. N.220
Lindblom, C. E.630 n. 8
linguistic hedges166, 169
linguistics265 see also language
Lisbon642
List, Friedrich239
Litan, R. E.408
litigation292, 297
Locke, John598
logics
of appropriateness257, 259, 262–3, 267
of consequences257, 259
London317, 364, 619
City of289, 293, 516
Stock Exchange215, 221, 239, 293
Longstreth, F.133
Los Angeles355
Luckmann, T.66
Luhmann, N.281
Lundvall, B.‐A.629
Lütz, S.119, 323
Luxembourg610
process639, 642 n. 35
Luxemburg, Rosa678
McBarnett, D.294–5
MacDuffie, J. P.164 n., 165, 172, 174, 386–7
Macfarlane, A.223
MacKenzie, D.216, 232, 322, 602
McKinsey Global Institute635
Magna543
Magna Carta287
Mahle543
Mahoney, J.55
Maine, H. S.
Ancient Law by278
Majone, G.
The Rise of the Regulatory State in Europe by641
(p. 699) Malinowski, Bronislaw145
Mamdani, M.595
Manow, P.131
manufacturing44, 45, 47, 516–17
and design538–40, 542
organization531–2
volatility in529 see also models
March, J. G.257, 628 n. 5
market
Eurodollar311, 319
exchange215–19, 222
fundamentalism185
interaction245–6
internationalization381–2, 388, 390–1
liberalism213
organization228
outcomes244–5
segmentation470, 471, 476
society183–4
market economies18, 99, 184, 191, 200, 363, 378, 385, 453–5
coordinated (CMEs)46–9, 50–1, 52, 54, 76, 91, 98, 102, 155–7, 184, 194–5, 281, 314–15, 324, 344, 345, 349, 404, 440–1, 458, 609–10
governed (GMEs)184, 195–6, 199, 203
market93, 128, 239, 245
and money217–19, 226, 236
and morality214, 216
and neo‐liberalism236–40
and prices219–21, 230, 239
and regulation238–9
and social movements230–1
and states221–2, 224, 236–7
and trade213
capital140, 236, 310, 321, 323, 326, 350, 381, 382, 470, 612
competitive219–20, 239–40
derivatives130, 216, 245, 295, 319–20, 603–4, 614
equity312, 314, 318, 324, 612
financial215, 216, 226, 232, 244–5, 282, 298, 310, 311, 316, 318, 321, 326, 601–12, 614, 617–19
free119–20, 183, 220, 228, 298
labour42, 44, 49, 52, 66, 72, 120, 123, 154, 236, 314, 350–1, 355, 374, 379, 380, 464, 470–1, 511–13
nature of212
origins of213, 215, 222
product123, 236, 373, 381–2, 390–1
Marsden, D.503, 513
Marsh, I.625 n. 1
Marshall, T. H.217
Marx, Karl17, 24, 501, 659, 670 n., 678, 680
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte by65
The German Ideology by278
Marxism254, 256, 621, 660, 662 n. 3, 670
neo‐89 see also theory
mass production‐mass consumption paradigm366
Massachusetts479
mathematics118
maximal entropy166
Mayntz, R.120
Means, G. C.605
mechanisms177
Mečiar, Vladimir568, 572
Melkert, Ad642 n. 34
membership164–7, 168–72
Menger, C.19
Mercosur104, 228, 299
mergers and acquisitions295, 319
Merton, R.145, 602
methodological individualism27, 64 see also Weber, Max
Mexico542 n. 2, 543
Meyer, J.25, 31, 95, 241, 262, 265
Meyer, K.382
Microsoft346
Milgrom, P.154
Milhaupt, C.429
militarism185 n.
Mill, John Stuart142–4, 148, 153, 213
Millo, Y.216
Millstein, J.337
Mintzberg, H.371, 390
Mirowski, P.233
Mitchell, D.190
Mobutu of Zaire591
Model
Capital Asset Pricing602
Option Pricing602
models
Anglo‐American132, 224, 428–9
Anglo‐Saxon47, 122
developmental189, 196, 199, 201, 263
diffusion96
econometric199
equilibrium46, 48
European100, 189
Fordist89, 365, 367–9, 371, 373, 374–6, 377, 378, 384, 386, 388, 502
(p. 700)
German44
Japanese521
managerialist74
market189, 200, 203, 231–3, 236, 240, 617
modularity/contract manufacturing (M/CM)538–40, 542
norm life cycle262–3
of capitalism44, 47, 51, 340, 342, 343–4, 346–7, 349, 353, 355–6
opportunism367–8, 369, 376–7, 388
political‐economic54
rational choice133
modularization373–4, 379, 380, 386, 388, 391, 392–3, 537–8 see also models
Mohr, J. W.77
monetarism325
money
and credit219, 226
and states224–7
definition of217–18
history of218 see also currencies; markets
monopolies227, 238
Moore, Barrington50
Moran, M.238–9, 323
Morgan, G.87 n. 1, 117 n. 1, 139 n., 242, 258, 295, 335 n., 363 n., 483, 625 n. 1
Mugabe, Robert595
multi‐national corporations (MNCs)381, 384–5, 391, 392, 479–81, 517, 544, 547 see also Japan
Munich357
Muniesa, F.233
Muslim world588, 596
Myanmar588
NAFTA104, 228, 299
nanotechnology193–4
Napoleonic Code287
NASDAQ314, 325
national identities587–8, 590, 591
national wealth399–400
and institutions400–11
measuring405–6
nation‐states24, 34, 89, 95–6, 104, 130, 139, 188, 296, 364
and firms and organizations469–70, 475, 476
nature of2, 184
NATO265
Nazism185 n.
necessity168–71
neo‐institutionalism18, 21, 29, 257, 338, 342
cultural27, 30
historical25, 27, 30
rational choice25, 27, 29, 31
sociological23–4 see also theory
neo‐liberalism89, 104, 119, 123, 234, 245, 298, 326, 641
and globalization187–9, 191
and the state186–7, 190, 192, 200
in Great Britain/United Kingdom186, 240, 569
in Latin America265
in post‐communist Europe567, 569, 572, 579–80, 582
in the United States of America186, 238, 240, 256, 569
rise of184–5, 214, 263, 325, 626 see also economics; markets
neo‐patrimonialism568–9, 572, 577, 579–80
Nepal589, 590
Netherlands, the100, 120, 122, 161–2, 163, 195, 351, 384, 404, 414, 511, 642 n. 34, 643–4, 645–6, 648
network ties432–3
networks435–6
social355–6, 432 see also firms
Neuer Markt345
Neumann, I. B.267
new economy industries345, 347
new media industry519–20
New York3, 298, 317, 355, 588
New School in18, 20
Stock Exchange221, 317
New York Times200 n.
New Zealand157, 161, 404, 407, 410, 413, 505
Newton, Isaac666–7
Nigeria200, 594
Nik‐Khah, E.233
Nölke, A.328
nomenklatura bourgeoisie572, 582 see also Russia
Nonet, P.281
non‐governmental organizations (NGOs)96, 104, 258
norms264–5, 266, 267
and transnational institutions257, 259, 262
legal279, 281, 509, 511
political437
role of263
North America7, 320, 551
North, D. C.25, 94–5, 105 n. 8, 133, 223, 637, 673 n. 15
(p. 701) North Korea588
Northern Ireland598
Northern Rock245
Norway160, 400, 404, 407, 410, 552, 643, 648
Nye, J. S.255, 258, 267
Nyerere, Julius591
OECD3, 128, 155, 190, 194, 195, 266, 322, 326, 328, 344, 408, 411, 505, 647
countries365, 378, 381, 385, 387, 400, 404, 481, 610
Global Forum on Competition635 n. 14
Jobs Study517
PISA648
offshoring541–3, 545, 549–50
Ogawa, A.625 n. 1
Ohlin, B.629
Oliver, C.31
Olsen, J. P.257, 628 n. 5
Olson, M.401, 406–7, 410
OMC638–40, 647 see also European Union
Ono, K.625 n. 1
Orban, Viktor578
organization
industrial336–8, 339–40, 342–3
studies22, 89 see also individual entries
Organization of African States591
organizations71
nature of68–9
Osiel, M. J.288
Oskarsson, S.413
O'Sullivan, M.464
ownership457, 459, 473
concentrated426, 428, 429, 437, 438, 441
dispersed426, 428, 437, 441, 443
Padgett, J.28, 32
Pakistan588 n., 589
Palay, T. M.291–2
Palombarini, S.124, 126
Paris297, 317
Park, S.263
parsimony145, 163
Parsons, C.263
Parsons, Talcott23–4
patenting344
paternalism72
path dependence90–2, 95, 99, 102, 106, 145, 260, 276, 323, 344, 433, 435, 661
and markets240
ideational263
in the social sciences675
nature of434
payment514–15
Pedersen, O.28, 87 n. 1, 119, 126, 188
pension funds65, 73–4, 97, 316, 577–8, 579–80, 581, 602, 603, 608, 610–12, 614, 619, 620
performativity233
Perrow, C.289
Perry, J.328
Persson, A.596
pharmaceutical industry367
Philippines636
Pierson, C.191
Pierson, P.58, 132
Piketty, T.413
Pisa218
Pistor, K.141, 429
PIU644 n. 41
Planck, Max666 n. 7
Plato666
pluralism72
pluralist industrialism660
Podolny, J. M.229
Poland567, 569, 572, 577, 578, 579, 581
Polanyi, Karl21, 183, 221, 223, 236, 244, 587, 621, 679–80, 683 n.
political economies47, 608–9
advanced43–5, 49
literature42, 79
nature of102–3
scholarship46, 50, 154 see also Europe; Japan; United Kingdom
political economy
cultural608
political parties42, 66, 69, 141, 402, 414
strong left146, 148, 174
political science17, 20, 89, 255, 266, 338–9, 635, 660
and path dependence90–1
nature of16 see also APSA; complementarity; institutionalism
politics255, 261
Pontusson, J.414
Porter, M. E.631–2, 635 n. 14
The Competitive Advantage of Nations by628, 630
Portugal159, 160, 167, 400, 409, 646 see also Lisbon
Posner, D. N.594, 596
Posner, E.325
Posner, Richard298
post‐communist states
great distributive systems in577–8, 579–80, 581
in central Europe567, 569, 578, 580, 581–2, 583
in eastern Europe567–9, 581, 583
privatization in567–9, 572, 578, 581, 582
transformation in567–77
(p. 702) postmodernism266
Pouliot, V.265
Pound, R.280 n. 3
Powell, M. J.294
Powell, W. W.96 n.
pragmatic constructivism (PC)42–3, 50–5, 56–7
Prato530, 551
Preda, A.219
preferences68, 433–4, 435, 439–40, 441–2, 443–4
pricing
predatory366, 370, 374, 376–7, 477 see also markets; Model
privatization187, 191, 318 see also post‐communist states
production
adaptive367, 372
craft370–1, 376–8, 390, 392
flexible customized370–1, 377, 390
Keynesian516
social systems of340, 366–7
project teams371, 378, 379, 390, 391, 403
projectability151–2
property
rights76, 79, 97, 98, 103, 123, 215–16, 223–4, 283, 350, 378, 404, 465
spaces660, 666, 667, 678 see also intellectual property
protectionism238, 239, 330
prototypes165, 167, 172
Prussia19, 288–9
Przeworski, A.141
PSA544
psychology117 n. 2, 167 n.
public‐private partnerships188, 192, 193, 198, 201–2
Putin, Vladimir568, 580, 581
QCA140, 141, 142, 145, 154, 156 n. 7, 165, 174–5, 176–7, 429 n. 8
criticism of163–4
example of157
Quack, S.26, 240, 241–2, 483
Quaker Oats465
quasi‐states591
Quinn, D.190
Rajan, G. R.323
rationality25, 29–30, 443 see also models; neo‐institutionalism; theory
Reagan, Ronald186, 187, 237, 435, 569, 636
realism254, 255–6
recursivity281, 299
regulation
and the state191–2, 200, 470
financial119–20, 318, 320, 322, 325, 326 see also deregulation; and individual entries
Rehder, B.290 n.
research
comparative139–42, 144
ethnographic265–6
N140
qualitative140 see also social sciences
research and development (R & D)193–4, 202, 314, 347, 348, 349, 372, 404 see also investment
Review of International Political Economy606 n.
Ricardo, David213, 629, 633
Richard, J.‐F.141
Riles, A.296
risk
failure380
financial319–20, 322, 348
sharing386, 471, 475 see also capital
Robert Bosch543
Roberts, J.154
Robinson effect176
Robinson, W.176
robustness149, 169, 172
Rodrik, D.191
Roe, M.97, 324, 438
Romanelli, E.355
Romania567, 568, 572
Rome287
Rosch, E.165
Rose, M.499
Route128 355, 479, 530
Rowan, B.25
Rubbermaid465
Rueschemeyer, D.289, 630 n. 8
Ruggie, J. G.261
Ruhr, the530
rule‐making and rule‐taking29–30, 64–5, 681
rules
formal64, 68, 107
informal64, 68
institutional30, 50, 52, 53, 54–7, 65–6, 69, 106
market241–2
sector‐specific345
social280 see also actors; legal
Russia147, 385, 552 n., 567, 569, 572, 577, 579–80, 593
Communist party in581
Duma in579, 581
nomenklatura bourgeoisie in568
Soviet589
(p. 703) Rwanda592 see also Hutus; Tutsis
Sabel, C. F.51, 53 n., 552
Sachs, J.578
Saez, E.413
Sahlin, K.31
Sahlin‐Andersson, K.241
Samuels, R. J.469
Samuelson, P.629
San Diego354, 355, 358
San Francisco355
Saxenian, A.355–6, 479
Scandinavia119, 122, 469, 550, 619, 644 n. 40 see also individual countries
Schaeffler543
Schickler, E.55 n.
Schmidt, R. H.310
Schmidt, V. A.105, 625 n. 1
Schmitter, P. C.628 n. 5
Schneiberg, M.28, 344
Scholes, Myron602
Schramm, C. J.408
Schulze, G. G.190
Schumpeter, Joseph20, 32, 629, 659, 679 n. 20
science
public372, 381, 387, 391 see also knowledge
Science and Technology (S & T) policy193–4
Scott, J. C.593
Scott, R.26
Seabrooke, L.259
Searle, J.266
securitization317, 320, 329, 330, 614–15
Selznick, Philip21, 25, 281
Sending, O. J.253 n., 259, 263, 266–7
service sectors367, 369, 386, 388, 516–17
Seychelles610
shareholder
interest425, 437, 441, 443
powers384
value (SV)326, 328, 329, 426–30, 431, 435, 436, 437–9 see also financial systems; models
shareholding65, 73–5, 97, 161–2, 224, 282–3, 455–7, 464–5, 470
Sharman, J. C.266
Shepsle, K.25
Shinn, J.439–41, 443
Shonfield, A.
Modern Capitalism by630
Siaroff, A.407
Sibbitt, E. C.235
Siemens435
Sierra Leone589, 592
Siggel, E.632
Sikkink, K.262
Silicon Valley79, 201, 285, 340, 346, 347–8, 372, 379, 387, 461, 479, 519, 529–30
computer industry355
models349–50, 352, 356
semiconductor industry337
Simmel, Georg65, 67
Simmons, B. A.240–1
Simon, Herbert16 n.
simulations152, 177
Singapore184, 195
Skocpol, T.185, 630 n. 8
Slovakia545 n. 5, 568, 572, 579, 580, 583
Slovenia567
small and medium enterprises (SMEs)327, 377, 390
American549
German549–50
in high‐wage regions547, 548–9, 551–2
Italian549, 550
production529, 534 see also innovation
Smith, Adam183, 186, 213–14, 239, 244, 404, 587, 659, 660 n. 2, 678 see also United Kingdom
Sobel, A. C.323
social
relationships229, 230, 472 see also networks
Social Darwinism673
social science, definition of139
social sciences, the6, 81, 118, 122 n. 7, 148, 423, 443, 659–62, 668–9
development of19–20
developments in65, 90
evolution in671–3, 675, 677
in the United States of America18, 19–20
literature186, 203
paradigms in185
socialism89, 567, 581–2, 593 see also economies
societal effects499, 504, 516
socio‐biological naturalism671
sociology17, 69, 70, 89, 265, 342, 635, 659
and path dependence91
economic77 n. 3, 259, 338–9, 340, 430, 432, 443, 605, 607, 679
historical223
nature of16
soft actor concept30, 31
(p. 704) software industries343, 344, 346–8, 352, 367
Solow, R.629
Somalia588, 590
Sombart, Werner17, 22
Sonnett, J.146, 149, 151, 153, 174
Soskice, D.44, 47, 91, 123, 125, 154–5, 194, 281, 343–4, 345, 403–4, 408, 458, 610
Varieties of Capitalism by46
South Africa200, 588, 595 see also capitalism
South America104, 626 see also Mercosur; and individual countries
South Korea94, 104, 184, 195, 199, 472, 530, 593
Chaebol in466
financial systems312
MIC198
Soviet
bloc132, 239
system214, 237
Soviet Union185 n., 566, 567, 660
collapse of the365, 381, 385, 594 see also Russia
SPACs619
Spain160, 312, 329, 409, 505, 508, 646
SPC639 n. 25
Spencer, Herbert211, 278, 670, 673, 679
stagflation87, 89, 105
standard‐setting264
Stanford University23, 95–6, 98
Stark, D.28, 79
state
failure587–8, 592, 597–8
formation589–90, 595, 597–8
‐society arrangements645–7
state, the
and international regimes260–1
and success587–8
and transformation187, 188, 189–90
nature and role of183–5, 186, 188–90, 196, 202 see also individual entries
statism184, 202
Steinmo, S.16 n., 68, 133
Stephens, J. D.55
Stiglitz, Joseph189
Stockholm353, 356
Stone Sweet, A.234
Strange, S.255–7, 267
Stryker, R.281
Sturgeon, T.392, 539–40
subsets166, 168–9, 171
Sudan, the590
Suddaby, R.31
sufficiency168–71
Supiot, A.502, 511
supply529, 531, 551
chains534, 535–6, 537–8, 547–8, 552 see also firms
Swank, D.190
Swedberg, R.219
Sweden47, 105, 119, 161–2, 163, 339, 344, 351, 352, 404, 407, 410, 412–13, 414, 415, 519, 619, 643–4, 645–7, 648 see also Stockholm
Switzerland102, 161–2, 400, 404, 407, 612, 619 see also Basel regulations; Davos
systems
complex adaptive (CAS)152
institutional27–8
macroeconomic154
political440–1, 442
public training470–1, 472, 475, 476, 477–8
Szücs, J.566
Taiwan94, 184, 195, 198 n., 199, 469, 539
Takeishi, A.393
TANs258, 262, 267
Tata530
Tawney, R. H.605
Taylor, M.344
Taylor, R.16 n., 433
technological volatility348, 352, 356
Teece, D.372
telecommunications232
terrorism588, 598
Tetlock, P.151
Teubner, G.133, 281
Teune, H.141
Thatcher, Margaret186, 237, 239, 516, 569, 666
The Economist604
Thelen, K.16 n., 27, 28, 49, 68, 100–1, 107, 131, 133, 521, 665
historical institutionalist approach of53–7, 664
theory
agency73
contingency342, 347
(p. 705)
efficiency672, 675
Efficient Market602
equilibrium48, 672
evolutionary18, 126–7, 674–6
finance232
Foucauldian608
game64, 66–7, 125, 232–3, 254
institutional77, 278, 353, 356
legal118
Marxist130, 133, 134, 212 n., 215 n., 223, 244, 498, 501, 605, 606–7, 641 n. 28
neo‐institutional341
organization80, 433, 628 n. 5, 630
public choice16 n.
rational choice64, 68, 94, 95, 98, 105, 254, 257, 343, 680
segmentation504, 512
set153, 167 n., 168
social265
social movement70, 87
sociology65, 343
Thompson, G.275 n.
Thrift, N.608
Tocqueville, Alexis de291, 663
Tokyo317, 364
Toporowski, J.610
Toyota535, 544
System165, 174–5
training512–13, 518 see also Germany; institutions; systems
Translearn project363 n.
Traxler, F.407
Treaty of Amsterdam639
triviality442
trust386–7, 473, 475, 476, 477
relationships468, 471–2
truth
claims139–40, 146
tables145–7, 149, 153, 171, 174–5
values151, 159
Turner, L.406–7
Tuscany552
Tutsis590
Tylecote, A.385
Tytell, I.190
Uganda591, 595, 596–7
Ukraine, the572
uncertainty260, 261
unionization412–13
unions47, 48, 69, 125, 141, 154, 231, 284, 385, 511, 512, 520
and the welfare state146
British508, 510, 516
French439, 510
German341, 510
influence of406–7
organization of71–2
strong44, 52, 146, 174–5, 374, 377, 378, 382, 402, 407, 458, 471–2, 475, 478
types of73
weak402, 407, 471, 477
United Kingdom, the74, 126, 157, 161, 223, 224, 245, 256, 284, 292, 314, 327, 339, 352, 415, 428, 456, 467, 484, 512, 634, 644, 646–7, 648
Adam Smith Institute in645
as a LME343, 344, 350, 356, 404, 505
Centre for Policy Studies in645
earnings inequality in413
employment in501–2, 508, 516, 520
financial regulation in119–20
financial services in317 n.
financial systems in311, 329
firms in293, 295, 354
health service in123
housing boom in319–20, 329
investment in328
New Labour in641 n. 30
political economy of119
stock market289
training in513
Treasury289
United Nations95, 277, 296, 670
United States of America, the7, 16, 91, 102, 106, 126, 157, 161, 164, 184, 225, 237, 239, 260, 280 n. 3, 284, 289, 314, 339, 352, 368, 401, 402, 407, 410, 427, 428, 438, 465, 467, 481, 487, 513, 550, 598, 628, 634, 636, 644, 646–7, 660
and coercion240
and the Soviet Union185 n.
anti‐trust movement/laws in103–4, 227, 284–5, 291, 369, 378
as a LME47, 51, 202–3, 340, 343, 344, 347, 350, 356, 364, 404, 505
biotechnology sector in355, 357, 484
Cato Institute in645
Clayton Act284
complementarity in202
Congress442
corporate governance in282–3, 292, 431, 432–3, 434–5, 479
corporate law in290 n.
corporate organization in66, 69
corporations in93, 119
earnings inequality in412–13
economies of130, 200, 344, 456
education system in123
(p. 706)
employment in499, 505, 508, 510–11, 514, 519–20, 521
financial sector in328
financial systems in311, 329
firms in242, 291–2, 293, 295, 297, 340, 354, 374, 386, 459, 462, 464
government agencies202
Heritage Foundation in645
housing boom in319–20, 329
industrial landscape and policy in98, 337
industrial organization in93–4
influence of321–2
institutional context in55
institutionalism in18, 19–20
legal elites and profession in291, 298
markets in216
neo‐realism in256
New Deal in245
pension funds in74
regulation in97, 192
Sarbanes‐Oxley Act430
Securities and Exchange Commission200 n.
shareholding in65, 456
Sherman Antitrust Act284
welfare institutions and social security in105, 667 see also individual entries
University of Madison‐Wisconsin18, 20
Ursprung, H. W.190
USSR see Soviet Union
Uzzi, B.230
varieties of capitalism (VoC)189, 324, 357, 403, 440–2, 443, 499, 504, 513–14, 515–16, 519, 621
criticism of102–3, 195
literature42, 57, 100, 101, 104, 194, 604, 609, 610, 612, 615, 617, 627 n. see also market economies
Veblen, T.20–1, 22, 25
venture capitalism (VC)193–4, 201–2, 314, 318, 348–9, 350, 357, 374, 391, 476
in Germany345, 354, 357
knowledgeable379–80, 384
Verba, S.140
vertical disintegration533, 537, 541
Vetterlein, A.253 n., 263
Viebrock, E.119
Vietnam588, 592
Virgin Islands610
Visintin, F.385
Vogel, S.192, 237
Volkswagen (VW)341, 544, 545 n. 5
Voltaire672 n. 11
Volvo544
vouchers567–9
Wade, R.199 n. 12
Wagener, H.‐J.582
Wahlverwandschaft (elective affinity)122–3, 125, 132, 134
Wall Street200 n., 245, 293
Wallerstein, I. M.4, 212 n.
Wal‐Mart369
Walras, Leon212
Washington Consensus597, 637
post‐637, 647
Watt, H. M.296
wealth see national wealth
Weaver, C.253 n., 265–6
Weber, Max2, 5, 17, 89, 122 n. 7, 153, 197, 281, 286, 296, 587, 659, 662, 670
Economy and Society by280
ideal types of143–4, 148–9, 220
‘market situation’ term of214
methodological individualism of22, 24, 26, 30
on capitalism143, 174
on law279–80
on money218
readings of23–4
thought and influence of22–3, 24
Wei, S.‐J.190
Weingast, B. C.223
Weiss, L.516
welfare191, 499–500, 514, 521
in post‐communist Europe577–8, 579–80, 581–2
regimes45, 47, 48, 50, 122
Westphal, J.433
White, H. C.65, 77, 228–9
Whitley, R.120, 122, 123, 275 n., 281, 314, 322, 335 n., 423 n., 503
Wilensky, H.406–7
Wilkinson, F.499
Williamson, J.186 n.
Williamson, O.93, 94, 211, 220, 501, 630, 679–80, 682
Willoughby, W. W.20
Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership552
(p. 707) works councils47, 315
German72–3, 312 n. 3, 339, 341–2, 439, 509
World Bank (WB)3, 96, 187, 196 n., 253–4, 264, 265, 572, 636, 637–8, 640, 647
ease of doing business index408, 410
World Economic Forum3, 635
World Economic Outlook637–8
WTO5, 187, 193–4, 228, 242, 253, 296
Appellate Court297
Yamamura, K.131, 133
Yeltsin, Boris568
Yugoslavia567
Zadeh, L.166
Zajac, E.433
Zambia596
Zander, U.356
Zeitlin, J.50, 275 n., 285, 365, 481
Zelizer, V. A. R.216, 231
Zeng, L.153
ZF543
Zimbabwe588, 592, 595
Zingales, L.323
Zysman, J.336–7, 342–3