Abstract and Keywords
Speech is arguably the most important class of sounds processed by human listeners. Understanding the representation and processing of speech is an important goal in basic auditory neuroscience and also has important clinical implications. This article addresses studies of subcortical and cortical speech processing that have elaborated coding properties in the ascending auditory pathways and streams of processing at the cortical level. Electrophysiological studies provide a wealth of information about the way in which the acoustic properties of speech signals are encoded at lower levels of the auditory system. The article investigates how these cortical and subcortical processes interact to support speech perception, and discover how they inform our understanding of coding at the cortical level. Various techniques extend the study of speech coding to much higher levels of the auditory system and allow linguistic as well as auditory processing to be studied.
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