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date: 28 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the use of typological arguments in historical phonology, concentrating on the evaluation of hypotheses by typological considerations rather than other kinds of relations between typology and sound change. After a general introduction, this is exemplified by a case study about the ‘glottalic’ reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European stops. The problem is first introduced, then the proposed reconstructions are evaluated from both a synchronic and a diachronic typological perspective, followed by a summary of both and an attempt to find a solution taking into account the typological arguments. In the conclusion, the usefulness of typology in accounts of sound change is discussed from a general theoretical perspective, including the problem of whether our present knowledge of diachronic phonological typology is sufficient.

Keywords: diachronic typology, glottalic theory, historical phonology, Proto-Indo-European, reconstruction, sound change, synchronic typology, typology

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