Abstract and Keywords
Folklore and myth intersect with archaeology in several ways. Archaeological sites and landscape features may be the focus of traditional lore and practices. Folklore and mythology about these features reveal cultural interpretations of their meaning, and place those sites in the context of socially understood history. They may also direct our attention to landscape features that are not materially modified, but are the locus of significant cultural meaning. This article first considers the historical relationships between folklore or myth and archaeology, primarily focusing on European and American perspectives. Because issues of authenticity affect these relationships, it addresses how folklorists have dealt with those issues. Next, it examines the folklore of archaeology and myth, looking at how archaeological sites are the focus of traditional stories and practices in different parts of the world. A third section evaluates the use of folklore and myth for archaeological interpretation. Finally the role of folklore and myth in public archaeology is discussed.
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