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date: 20 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The small Mediterranean archipelago of Malta holds some of the best-preserved material remains of prehistoric religion in Europe. The rich potential of the parent limestone bedrock and the lack of alternative building material privileged stone construction. Over the course of time, this stone construction became increasingly more elaborate, and between 3600 bc and 2400 bc, substantial stone monuments were first constructed, and then maintained, for primarily ritual purposes. This article discusses the history of research on Maltese megalithic constructions, the historical development of Maltese megaliths, Maltese temples, funerary megalithic structures, the landscape setting of Maltese temple culture, the religion and cosmology of Maltese megalithic monuments, and the ending of the first megalithic tradition.

Keywords: megalithic constructions, Malta, religion, temples, funerary structures

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