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date: 23 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the archaeological evidence for the religious cults of Italy, Iberia, Gaul, Germany, and Britain, including inscriptions, statues, and cult sites. The variety of religious experiences and the evidence for the less wealthy are also addressed. Much of the impressive monumental evidence for temples, both in Rome and the Roman cities of the empire, relates to the structures of power through which the imperial and provincial rulers operated in their own localities. Religion acted as an important means for creating and maintaining local relations of power and imperial solidarity. Roman state religion, the worship of the Capitoline Triad, and emperor-worship cemented relations of power across the empire. The character of Roman religion was, however, sufficiently open and flexible to enable people of differing status from across the empire to be incorporated.

Keywords: archaeological evidence, Roman religion, religious cults, Italy, Iberia, Gaul, Germany, Britain, temples

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