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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the study of Etruscan ritual and religion. It discusses divination, the Gods, sanctuaries, death ritual and the afterlife, and fate and the Etruscan nation. It argues that the old way of relying heavily on Roman and Greek sources and using them as the sole point of departure, even when they have no connection with Etruscan texts, is increasingly giving way to a more archaeological approach. Much progress has been made in recent years by confronting the material remains and the imagery head-on with minimal recourse to explanations via external influences. Etruscan religion is not Greek religion or Roman religion in modified form, and can and should be explained on its own terms and without all the Greek and Roman terminology that is often used.

Keywords: Etruscan society, divination, Gods, sanctuaries, death ritual, afterlife, fate

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