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date: 23 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Eastern Woodlands of North America is among the best-documented archaeological regions of the world. Here, Native American cultural chronology is traced from the terminal Pleistocene to the present, and there is a relatively abundant and continuous archaeological record of indigenous ritual and religion across this span. This article begins with a discussion of the five stages of Eastern Woodlands chronology that emphasize changes in subsistence and settlement characteristics. It then covers ritual traditions, ritual use of exaggerated weapons, earthen mound-building, ancestor shrines, tobacco use, and iconography.

Keywords: Native American culture, subsistence, settlements, rituals, earthen mound-building, ancestor shrines, tobacco use, iconography

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