Abstract and Keywords
The archaeology of Pueblo religions connects material evidence for ritual practice with ethnography and ethnohistory. Pueblo people still live where their ancestors did when Spanish explorers first entered what is now the Southwestern United States in 1540, and traditional religions are still practiced. Archaeological evidence suggests that Pueblo religion emerged around ad 600 as kin-group-based ritual practice focused on maize agriculture; experienced regional differentiation over the next 800 years; and coalesced in elaborate calendars of labor-intensive sequences of ritual performances by ad 1400. This article discusses the diverse Pueblo community histories and archaeological affiliations; basketmaker beginnings; kivas, kin, and ritual sodalities; the Chaco rituality, migration and reorganization, regional iconographies; katsinas, calendars, and conflict; and missions, revolt, and renewal.
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