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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the types of evidence that have been used to discuss gender and religion. Burials are often examined in terms of ritual and ideology. Three Chinese Neolithic examples are considered, which demonstrate various types of evidence that have been discussed in terms of religion: Xishuipo with dragon and tiger mosaics surrounding a burial, Yuanjunmiao with special burials of girls, and Niuheliang with jade emblems. It then discusses religious activities, such as sacrifices, divination, curing, and communicating with spirits or powers are often, but not always, gendered.

Keywords: archaeological study, burials, ritual, Chinese Neolithic, religious activities

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