- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
This article explains that the negotiation of an international legal framework covering trade in services depends on the prior construction and dissemination of a shared body of knowledge among the participants to those negotiations. It gives an overview of that activity, covering the sectoral negotiations of the Uruguay Round as well as dispute settlement activity related to the general agreement on trade in services (GATS). The basic picture that emerges from this overview is one of a legal framework that is hampered by serious difficulties. This article further suggests that these difficulties exist partially because the existing knowledge about the global services economy is insufficiently developed. It gives three simple illustrations to substantiate and extend this argument. Finally, it offers one tentative view of the implications of this argument, both for World Trade Organization (WTO) scholars, as well as for government officials directly and indirectly involved in the WTO itself.
Andrew TF Lang, Lecturer in Law at the London School of Economics, teaching Public International Law with a specialty in International Economic Law, and formerly Gott Research Fellow in Law at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge. He is a co-founder, with Colin Picker, of the Society of International Economic Law and sits on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of International Economic Law and the Law and Development Review. He has recently joined the faculty of the World Trade Institute's Masters of International Law and Economics.
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