- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
This article starts with a brief historical discussion of the general agreement on tariffs and trade (GATT), and constraints under which the organization was created during the Uruguay Round negotiations as they bore on the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). A brief overview is given of the institutional structure of the WTO and of the allocation of powers between the different institutions. It shows that the central axis around which the whole WTO decision-making machinery turns is the General Council (GC). The specific powers of organs such as TPRB, the DSB, the specialized councils, and other subsidiary bodies are analyzed in detail. Finally, this article looks briefly at the great success story of the WTO, the dispute settlement system, but it restricts itself to a few major institutional aspects. This article attempts to give a brief characteristic of the WTO and in the light of constitutionalization debates.
Pieter-Jan Kuijper, Professor in the Law of International Organizations, University of Amsterdam. Former Director (1999–2002) of the Legal Affairs Division of the WTO Secretariat.
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