- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
This article demonstrates how a human institution can change over time, often in ways not expected by its creators and how the political and geopolitical context of the institutional activity and operation will stimulate innovation and change the legal structure. This article gives an overview of the history of the most important international economic institutions, including many unique historical developments. It mentions the importance of understanding the potential of the dispute settlement procedures, including panel and Appellate Body reports, for bringing about change or evolution in the trade rules. The general agreement on tariffs and trade (GATT) dispute settlement process had a number of problems, mostly due to its flawed origins, which are described. The broad extent and growing abundance of practice and jurisprudence in the areas of international economic activity makes international economic law a worthy subject of study in connection with the broader policy.
John Jackson, University Professor of Law, Director of the Institute of International Economic Law, Georgetown Law Center, Washington, D.C.; Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Economic Law. Professor Jackson also holds the title Hessel Yntema Zmeritus. Professor of Law at the University of Michigan and was recently awarded the Manley O. Hudson award (highest honour of the American Society of International Law). He has received an honorary doctorate award from Hamburg University and the European Institute.
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