- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
The term ‘world trading system’ refers to the various contemporary arrangements of trading relations between countries, and particularly the system of multilateral rules following two great wars and a worldwide economic depression. This article discusses the important role of trade in the transition from the ancient to the modern world. It deals with the main purpose of the general agreement on tariffs and trade (GATT) to establish a legal mechanism for tariff negotiations, and to provide rules that would deter countries from reinstating protectionism through non-tariff means. It includes the achievements of the Uruguay Round negotiation. The Doha Round layed groundwork to address more effectively the problem of development in the world trading system in the future. It refined the methodology of negotiating regulatory agreements for the later successes of the Uruguay Round.
Gilbert Winham is Professor Emeritus of Political Science and currently Adjunct Professor of Law at Dalhousie University, Halifax. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Dr Winham served on the staffs of the Macdonald Royal Commission on the Economy and on a Parliamentary Committee reviewing the Special Import Measures Act. He has served on federal trade advisory committees and as a panelist on numerous dispute settlement cases under NAFTA and Canada's Agreement on Internal Trade. Dr Winham regularly conducts training in trade negotiations at the WTO for government officials coming from developing countries.
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