- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
Trade liberalization and the improvement of labour and social conditions find expression and operate coherently and consistently with each other. The aim of this article is to explore the legal relationship between World Trade Organization (WTO) norms and labour norms and, in particular, whether and how labour considerations can be intertwined with the interpretation and application of WTO rights and obligations so that WTO Members, as States, can benefit from, and comply with, both trade and labour international regimes. This article looks at trade and labour issues from three perspectives. The first one is the extent to which some WTO multilateral trade disciplines provide policy space for labour concerns. Another one is the extent to which Members can agree to make regional arrangements that pursue labour objectives. The last perspective concerns unilateral trade preferential agreements, where compliance with labour standards is becoming a criterion for trade preferences.
Gabrielle Marceau is Legal Counsellor, Cabinet WTO Director-General Pascal Lamy, WTO Secretariat since 2005 after 11 years as Counsellor in WTO Legal Affairs Division advising panelists in WTO disputes. Ms. Marceau is also Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Geneva.
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