- List of Contributors
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Cited GATT Panel and Working Party Reports and their Common Abbreviations
- List of Cited WTO Panel and Appellate Body Reports, Other Initiated WTO Disputes, and their Common Abbreviations
- Table of Cases
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Economic and Policy Context
- The Evolution of the World Trading System – The Legal and Institutional Context
- The Place of the WTO in the International System
- WTO Institutional Aspects
- Responding to National Concerns
- Regional Trade Agreements
- The Institutional Dimension
- Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, and Interpretation
- Procedural and Evidentiary Issues
- Standard of Review in WTO Law
- Remedies and Compliance
- The Limits of Judicial Processes
- Trade and Development
- Trade and Environment
- Trade and Labour
- Trade and Human Rights
- Trade and Health
- Trade and Investment
- Trade and Competition Policy
- WTO and Civil Society
- International Trade Law, United Nations Law, and Collective Security Issues
- Regulating Multinational Corporations and International Trade Law
- Law, Culture, and Values in the WTO – Gazing into the Crystal Ball
Abstract and Keywords
The term ‘regional trade agreements’ (RTAs) primarily covers comprehensive free trade agreements (FTAs), such as NAFTA, and customs unions such as the EU or MERCOSUR, which meet the requirements of Article XXIV GATT 1994. This article focuses on Article XXIV GATT 1994 and raises a broad range of issues, including economic, political, strategic, security, and international and national legal process considerations. It further considers the debate over RTAs versus the global (GATT/WTO) system. It discusses the legal relationships of RTAs to the WTO system. It mentions possible conflicts and addresses scope issues arising between WTO and RTA obligations and among dispute resolution fora. It provides some concluding remarks that conflicts between RTAs and the WTO covered agreements and among dispute settlement systems will increase over time.
David Gantz, Samuel M. Fegtly Professor of Law and Director, International Trade and Business Law Program, University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.