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date: 10 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

One of the principal ways of seeing the emergence and development of ethno-religious equality is in terms of a grievance of exclusion from the existing equality framework and its utilization in order to extend it to address the felt exclusion and to develop and seek public recognition for a minority subjectivity ignored by liberal legislators. An important problem for political blackness came from an internal ambivalence, namely whether blackness as a political identity was sufficiently distinct from, and could mobilize without, blackness as an ethnic pride movement of people of African descent. The issues of ethnicity and Muslim honour are presented. It also considers the expanding of racial equality to include religious equality. It is shown that Labour's attentiveness to Muslim agenda precedes the war or even 9/11. It is true that many Muslim activists have walked away from the Labour Party and many more others feel betrayed by the Iraq War and feel victimized by the anti-terrorism measures.

Keywords: ethnicity, religion, political blackness, Muslim honour, racial equality, religious equality

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