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date: 25 August 2019

(p. 742) Index

(p. 742) Index

Aachen717
Aaron170
‘AB’ Language20
ABC of Aristotle187, 190, 195
Abecedarian verse187, 188, 196–7
Abel, John, of Dartford326
Abel, son of Adam and Eve720
Abelard414, 416, 486–7
Historia calamitatum414, 486–7, 489 (fn)
d'Abernon, Pierre, of Fetcham, Lumière as lais of122
Aberystwyth531
Abingdon (Berks.)360
Abraham176, 436, 437, 615, 711, 720
Abraham, rabbi, of Jerusalem714
Acanthus398
Ackroyd, Peter540
Acre, city of445, 448, 714, 715, 716
Actors (professional)201, 204–5, 392, 453
Adam (the first man)268, 271, 307, 359, 605, 615, 623, 631, 634, 652, 698
Adam of Bremen, History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen of658 (fn)
Adam the Scribe,see Pynkhurst, Adam
Adomnán/Adamnan of Iona581–3, 712
De locis sanctis712
Vita Columbae581, 582–3
Adonis419
Adoration of the Magi136
Adulterous Falmouth Squire196
Ælfgifu (Emma), Queen74
Ælfhere147
Ælfric, abbot of Eynsham34, 36, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43, 48, 49, 50, 223, 225–6, 228, 229, 233, 236, 438, 439, 441, 454, 459 (fn), 501
Catholic Homilies36, 37 (fn), 38, 39, 43–5, 46, 50, 103, 224, 226
De temporibus anni654
Genesis37
Grammar37
Lives of the Saints37, 45, 46, 224
‘Life of St Edmund’224–5, 502, 509
Sermon on Maccabees440–1, 454
Ælfsige73
Aelian685
Aeneas157, 257, 258, 260, 267, 630
Aeolia Capitolina710; see also Jerusalem
Aers, David479
Æthelberht of Kent70, 141 (fn)
Æthelburh, abbess of Barking242–3, 246
Æthelred, king222, 225
Æthelweard, Ealdorman224
Æthelwold, bishop of Winchester222, 223, 508
Æthicus Ister, Cosmographia of,656, 658 (fn), 702
Ætla,see Attila the Hun
Africa258, 436, 618, 630, 632, 652, 653, 656, 658, 660, 664, 672, 673, 681, 710
African-American slaves188
Africans700
‘Age of Exploration’681, 698
Aisa424, 436
Akbari, Suzanne Conklin698
Alan of Lille309
De Planctu naturae120
De sex alis cherubim233 (fn)
Summa de arte praedicatoria235
Alanus, grandfather of Brutus632
Albanactus167
Albans632
Albany (Scotland)167
Albatia Islands658
Albina630, 641–2, 643, 644, 645–6
Alchemy312
Alcuin, De uirtutibus et uitiis of45
Aldstanmore, John184 (fn)
Alea evangelii (‘Gospel Dice’)458 (fn)
Alexander III (of Scotland)586
Alexander de Villa Dei119
Alexander of Ashby, De artificiose modo praedicandi of231
Alexander the Great122, 546, 603, 604, 624, 634 (fn), 652, 656, 663, 665, 666, 670, 671, 690, 697–8, 721
Alexandria654, 714
Alfred (Alfred the Great)9, 70, 71, 78–9, 84, 136, 140, 141, 222, 224, 306, 307, 309, 459, 483, 498, 633 (fn), 661
Consolation of Philosophy (translation)136, 140
Cura Pastoralis (Pastoral Care), translation72, 222, 355
Law code (Domboc)70
Meters of Boethius140
Proverbs, see also Proverbs of Alfred
(p. 743) Alfwen, female recluse249
Allen, Robert, London fishmonger349
Alliterative Morte Arthure168, 169
Alliterative revival21
Alliterative romances161
Alliterative verse223, 594
Alphabetic Praise of Women547
Alphabets181, 186–7, 619
Alvared, monk of St Albans248
Amazonia618, 658, 671
Amazons670
Americas660, 681
Amis and Amiloun162, 176
Amis and Amiloun176
Amour courtois603
Amra Choluimb Cille582
Anakim682
Ancrene Wisse/Ancrene Riwle20, 29, 234, 235, 481, 563
Anderson, Benedict497, 498, 559 (fn)
Aneirin583
Angela of Foligno269–70
Memorial of the anonymous friar270
Angels72–3, 245, 408, 436, 623, 656, 658, 659
Angevins,75
Angharad, mother of Gerald of Wales,693
Angles,135, 465, 466, 633
Anglesey (Wales),521, 600
Anglo-Latin,120, 174
Anglo-Norman culture,20, 353, 357, 364, 517
Anglo-Norman French,77, 112, 113, 114, 121, 122, 125, 126, 160, 161, 162 (fn), 167, 175, 176, 177, 305, 481 (fn), 482 (fn), 546, 547, 561
Anglo-Norman romance,546
Anglo-Saxon books,35, 104, 357, 498
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,72, 227, 353, 355, 357, 358, 359, 360, 362, 363, 366, 633 (fn)
Anglo-Saxon England,70, 133–5, 136, 143, 157, 168 (fn), 223, 241, 246, 250, 299, 303, 312, 435, 437, 440, 444, 457, 458, 459, 460, 474, 503, 505 (fn), 509, 515, 516, 518, 522, 525, 526, 528, 533, 536, 632, 663, 679
Anglo-Saxons,523, 582, 654, 678
Anglo-Scottish conflict,643
Animals,9, 434, 446
Anlaby (Yorks.),345, 346, 348
Julian Well,348
Anlezark, Daniel,459 (fn)
Annas,661
Anonimalle Chronicle,341, 371, 373, 376, 377
Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury,227, 228, 229 (fn), 230, 234
De custodia interioris hominis,234
Liber de humanis moribus,229
Meditatio1, 229
Antalya,616 (fn)
Anthropophagi,658
Antichrist,424, 619, 624, 665
Anticlericalism,270–93
Anti-fraternalism,279
Antioch,616 (fn), 697
Antipodes,654
Antiquarianism,26
Antiquary, the,326
Anti-Semitism,442, 443, 700
Antrim,581
Appellants, the,426
‘Apocalypse’121, 126, 268, 424; see also Bible, Revelation
Apollo,257, 258
Apologia,414
Apollonius of Tyre,7–8, 9
Apostles,653, 720
Appledore, Walter of Malling (Yorks.),326 (fn)
Aquitaine,437 (fn), 524
Arabian desert,656
Arabic,711
Arabic mystical poems,710
Arabs,436, 437
Aragon,392, 393, 715
Ararat,715
Aratea, the,702
Arator,120
Arcestrate,8
Archives,90
Arculf, Bishop,712–13, 714
De locis sanctis,714, 717
Argam (Yorkshire),119 (fn)
Aristotle,119, 195, 312, 400, 401, 690
Aristotelian philosophy,119, 121, 263
Armagh,654
Armenia,166, 654
Armenon, son of Alanus,632
Armorica,632
Arondel (Bevis of Hampton's horse),165, 166, 167, 173, 551
Arran, Earl of,544
d'Arras, Sauvage,77
Arrouaisian canons,231
Ars moriendi,74
Arthur (king),157, 161, 164, 168, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175, 177–8, 516, 546, 630, 636, 643, 646, 691, 692, 695, 696, 719
Arthur, Prince (son of Henry VII),385
Arthur, Thomas,292
Arthurian history,680, 691
Arthurian romance,122, 160–78, 691, 718, 719
Arundel (Sussex),165, 166, 167
Arundel Castle,167, 176
Arundel, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury,22, 292, 422
Constitutions (1409),22, 281, 293, 429
(p. 744) Ascopart,168
Ashby, George,80
Asia,630, 632, 652, 653, 656, 664, 672
Asia Minor,257
Aske, Hawisia,182 (fn)
Askew, Anne,735
Aslake map,673
Assisa panis Anglie,77
Assisi,717
Assumption, Feast of,189
Assyrians,615
Astomi tribe,685
Aston, John,343
Astrology,314
Astronomy,119
Athelstan, king,176, 458 (fn)
Athelstan,542
Athens,726
Atlantic Ocean,672
Atlas Mountains,656
Attila the Hun,146, 147, 156, 720
Auchinleck Manuscript, the,21–2, 58–9, 112, 448, 545–8
Auctions,105, 126 (fn)
Auctoritates,77
Audelay, John,27–8, 278, 279, 286, 287, 288, 291, 292
De concordia inter rectores fratres et rectores ecclesie, the,278
Auerbach, Erich,416
Mimesis,161
Augustinians,28, 119, 231
Authority,70–3, 415
Ave Maria,187, 282
Avignon,270, 280 (fn)
Awntyrs off Arthure at the Terne Wathelyne,174, 175, 176, 177
de Ayala, Pedro,589
Aziz, Dr,607
Azores,673
Baal,464, 465
Babel,40 (fn), 633, 664
Babwell Mill (Suffolk),390
Babylon,473, 552, 654, 670, 690
Babylonian gods,470
Babylonians,466
Bacon, Elizabeth,182
Bacon, Roger,710, 712, 721
Opus Majus,710
Bactria,671
Badges,330, 442
Baghdad,716
Bailiffs,527, 529
Bailly, Harry,164
Baker, William (lollard),562
Balades,83
Balbus, Johannus, Catholicon, of,124
Baldement, Christopher,673
Baldwin,616
Bale, Anthony,442, 453, 620, 622
The Jew in the Medieval Book,620
Bale, John,729, 730
Ball, John,378, 379
‘Letters’ of340, 344, 377, 378–9, 380, 381
Ballads,17
Balshazzar,472
Balthazar,602
Bampton, John (Lollard),562
Bannatyne Club,575, 578
Bannatyne, George,578–9
Bannatyne Manuscript,575, 578–81
Bannings,156
Bannockburn, battle of,586
Baptism,562
Barbour, John, Bruce of,577, 586
Barclay, Alexander,29
Bardic Schools,585
Bards,589
Barker, William, of Hessle,327, 328, 337, 338
Barking Abbey,242, 243–4
Barnacle geese,670
Barnes, Robert,735
Barnwell Priory,339
Barons,172, 173, 516, 551, 642
Barons' War,75
Barr, Helen,428 (fn), 429
Barratt, Alexandra,241
de Barri, William,693
Barron, W. R. J.,161
Bartholomaeus Anglicus, De proprietatibus rerum of,121, 123, 127, 399
Bartlett, Robert,630
Basilisks,684
Baswell, Christopher,636
Bath,257, 258, 259
Beau Street,257
Battle of Maldon,148 (fn), 151 (fn), 152
Bavarians,632, 662
Bawcutt, Priscilla,396, 578, 581
Bayeaux Tapestry, the,680
Beadeca,156
Beadohild,137, 138, 139, 140, 143, 146, 157
Beasts of the Apocalypse/Revelation,684
Beauchamp family,569
Beaufort, Lady Margaret,122, 569
Beauchamp, Richard, earl of Warwick,251
Becca,156
Beckett, Katherine Scarfe,435, 437
Beckwith, William,344
Bede,38, 74, 84, 232, 243, 245, 246, 249, 310, 354, 363, 365, 366, 435, 458, 459, 460, 463, 464, 465, 466, 474, 475, 500, 501, 502, 505 (fn), 532, 558, 559, 632, 634, 639, 679 (p. 745)
Commentary on Genesis,436–7
Ecclesiastical History,72, 74, 162, 241–5, 260–1, 354, 460, 463, 466, 474, 500, 503, 507–8, 558, 632–4
‘Letter to Ceolwulf’,354
Onomasticon,712
Bedford, Agnes,183 (fn)
Bedford, John Duke of,62
Bedfordshire,523
Begu, nun of Hackness,245, 246, 248
Behemoth,684
Beirut,601
Belinus/Belyn, King,167, 504
Bellamy, J. G.,344
Benedictine reform,222, 223, 226, 441, 508
Benedictines,44, 418, 541
Benjamin of Tudela,711, 716
Benjamin, Tribe of,462, 464
Bennett, Andrew,634
Benningholme (E. Yorks),327, 336
Benson, C. David,417
Benson, Larry D.,47
Benton, John F.,480 (fn)
Beowulf,136, 148, 152, 154, 155, 299, 300–1, 310, 316, 688–9, 690
Beowulf,70–1, 133–4, 135, 136, 148 (fn), 149, 152, 153, 157, 223, 298, 299–300, 468, 685, 688, 689, 690
Beowulf Manuscript,19, 654, 686
Beowulf-Poet,149, 153, 154, 155–6, 310, 316
Berger, John,381
Berkeley family,127
Berkeley, Thomas (IV) Lord,127
‘Dialogue of a Lord and a Clerk’, the,127
Berkshire Downs,136 (fn)
Bernicia,359
Berry, Charles, Duke of,265–6
Bertilak/Bercilak,167, 600, 601, 696–7
Bertilak/Bercilak's wife,696
Berwald, John the elder, of Cottingham,327
Berwald, John the younger, of Cottingham,327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 33, 336, 337, 338
Bestiaries,20, 126, 309, 613
Bestiary,20
Bethany,625
Bethlehem,614, 714
Bethphage,713
Bettes, John (aka John Creek) of Wyndmondham (Norfolk),342
Beverley (Yorks.),326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 337, 338, 339, 344, 348
Bevis of Hampton,18, 29, 165–8, 169, 171, 528, 549
Bevis, Sir,165, 166–8, 173, 176–7, 546
Bhabha, Homi,611 (fn), 641, 703
Bible,6, 22, 76, 84, 117, 119, 120, 123, 177, 188, 308, 384, 403, 415, 428, 437, 475, 488, 558, 565, 583, 596–600, 615, 626, 635, 650, 682, 685, 698, 711, 735
New Testament,260, 292, 440, 460, 462, 463, 465 (fn)
Gospels,104, 120, 121, 221, 231, 270
John,245
Luke,228, 630
Mark,245, 617
Matthew,6, 245, 290, 309 (fn)
2 Corinthians
Ephesians,229
I Peter,462
Philippians,286
Revelation,73, 74, 121, 126, 260, 263
Romans,464
1 Thessalonians,265
Old Testament,260, 292, 298, 438, 439, 458, 459 (fn), 460, 461, 463, 464, 466, 469, 474, 475, 597, 598, 599, 631, 689
Daniel,260, 466, 470, 471, 472–4, 475
Deuteronomy,460, 461, 462, 471–2
Ecclesiastes,298
Ecclesiasticus/Sirach,298 (fn)
Ezekiel,260
Genesis,436, 437, 632, 682
Heptateuch, the39 (fn)
Isaiah,260, 292
Job,121
Jonah,596–9
I Kings,39 (fn), 465
II Kings,462, 465
Leviticus,471
I and II Maccabees,440–1, 445, 733
Proverbs,39 (fn), 298, 307–8
Psalms,12, 116, 117, 128, 598
Penitential Psalms,12
Song of Songs,39 (fn), 298 (fn), 604, 720
Tobit,77
Wisdom,298 (fn)
Wycliffite translations,22, 117, 121, 498, 562, 568
Biblical commentary,650
Biblical drama,200
‘Biblicised chivalry’,121 (fn)
Bills,80, 83
Bilney, Thomas,292
Birlinn Press,576
Birr (Ireland), Synod of,583
Bisclavret,695
Bishop of Rome,see Popes
Bishops,113, 226, 279, 288
Bisset, Baldred, Processus of,586
Bjork, Robert,467 (fn)
Black Death,370, 371, 372, 492, 529, 533
Blackburn family (Yorkshire),184–97
Blackburn, Joan,193
(p. 746) Blackburn, Margaret,183, 184, 185–6, 188, 189, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196, 197
Blackburn, Nicholas (I and II),184, 185, 189, 190 (fn), 191, 193
Blackstone, Mary A.,203
Blake, Norman,42, 47, 95 (fn)
Blanton, Virginia,508
Blemmyae/Blemmyeas,666, 684
Blickling Homilies,223
Bliss,6, 178
Blogs,571
Blood,84, 112
Blood-feud,141, 143
Blood-libel (anti-Semitic),442, 458 (fn), 699
Blount, Thomas, Glossographia of,22
Boasts,148–50
Boccaccio, Giovanni,41, 123, 487, 488, 672
De cassibus virorum illustrium,123
Elegy of Lady Fiammetta,487, 492
Bocher, John, of Thanet,376
Bodel, Jehan,161
Bǫþvildr,137, 138, 144, 145, 146
Body, the,6, 84, 225 (fn), 242, 262 (fn), 396, 615, 616, 701
Boethius,9, 124, 136, 140, 413, 414, 425 (fn), 480
Consolation of Philosophy,9, 123, 136, 140, 265, 306, 413, 587
In Porphyrium commentarium liber secundus,480 (fn)
Boeue de Hamptoun,550
Boffey, Julia,192, 335
New Index of Middle English Verse (with A. S. G. Edwards),335
Bohemi, the622
Bohio, island of,681
Bohun family,116
Boke of Curtasye,187
Bologna,42 (fn)
Bolton, Alice,184, 188, 189, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196, 197
Bolton family (Yorkshire),184 (fn), 185–97
Bolton Hours,183, 184–97
Bolton, Isabella,189, 191
Bolton, John,183, 184 (fn)
Boniface VII,586
Boniface VIII,643
Book of Common Prayer (1552),272
Book of life73; see also Liber vitae
Book of the Dean of Lismore,589
Book lists,118, 126, 129
Book ownership,111–26
Book production,46, 48, 49, 91, 96, 115, 375, 540, 561, 565
Book trade,24, 27, 35, 44, 57, 60, 63, 65, 91, 94, 97, 102, 544
Bookbinders,23, 43, 97
Booklets,44–5, 48, 60, 92, 192
Books,90–1, 100, 102, 105, 115, 116–29, 184, 185, 649
Books of Hours,116, 181–97, 565
Books, second-hand,97, 100, 117, 118
Booksellers,23, 35, 58–9, 64, 94, 97, 102, 116, 117–18
Bookshops,58, 60, 63, 64, 65, 66, 102, 116
Bordeaux,613
Borders (bookshop),116
Borders (textual),96
Bordesley Abbey (Warwickshire),22
de Boron, Robert, Joseph d'Arimathe of,718
Bourne Abbey,231
Bowers, John,428 (fn)
de Bracton, Henry, De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae of,76
de Brailes Hours,183
Braude, Benjamin,619–20
Breadsall Park Priory (Derbyshire),340
‘Break with Rome’, the,730
Breguswith, mother of St Hild,245
Brennius/Berynge, King,504
Brentwood (Essex),380
Breton language,583
Breton Lays/Lais,8, 9, 11, 164
Brewer, Giles,335
Bridget of Sweden,see Saints, Bridget
Bridgewater,350
Bridlington,119 (fn)
Brigancia,654
Briggs, Thomas, printer, of Hull,346
Bristol,127, 371, 529, 568, 673
Britain,102, 135, 161, 163, 166, 167, 170, 257, 450, 500, 516, 517, 526, 535, 546, 574, 619, 629–45, 691, 695, 717, 719
British, the,532, 582, 632
British Academy,421
British Empire,436, 577
British Isles,654, 656, 658
Britons,463, 632, 644, 645, 691
Brittany,362
Broadsides,560
Brome, Book of,196
Brotelby, William, of Dunswell,327
Brownlee, Kevin,423
Bruce, Edward,586
Bruges,95
Bruges, Walter of,425
Brunetto Latini, Li Livres dou Tresor of,670
Brunt, Gerrit,697
Brut,see Mannyng, Robert
Brut, Walter,424
Brutus,157, 166, 167, 170, 549, 574, 586, 588, 630, 632, 636–9, 641, 643–6, 695
Bryan, Sir Francis,736
Brycheiniog (Wales),520
Brythonic languages,583
(p. 747) Bucharest,707 (fn)
Buckingham, Earl of,339
Buckinghamshire,523
Buckrose, a Scarborough juror,331
Buckton, Sir Peter,336
‘Bukton’,562
Bulmer, Sir Ralph,328 (fn), 333
Bulmer, Robert, of Buttercrambe,327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 336, 348
Bulmer, William, of Buttercrambe,327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 336, 348
Bunyan, John,259
Burckhardt, Jacob,482
Bureaucracies,8, 19, 69, 71, 77–83, 113, 374, 534
‘bureaupolitan network’,80
Burger, Glenn,716 (fn)
Burgundians,632
Burgundy,146
Burns, E. Jane,696
Burrow, J. A.,283, 414, 421, 489
de Bury, Richard,43
Philobiblon,40 (fn)
Bury St. Edmunds (Suffolk),24, 337, 390, 442, 542
Abbey of,23, 360, 372
But, John,425, 426
Butcher, Andrew,375
Buttercrambe (E. Yorks.),327, 328, 329
Bynum, Caroline Walker,479–80, 698
Byzantium,664
Cabot, John,673
Cadhilne/Caldilhe,670
Cadwallader, King,636
Caedmon,558, 559
Caerleon,168, 169, 171
Caesaria,716
Cain,71, 214
Cáin Adomnán (‘Adomnán's law’),583
Caiphas,661
Calais,392
Calcidius, Commentary on Plato's Timaeus of,653
Calendars,564
Calle, Richard,195
Calvary,614, 615, 622
Cambria (Wales),167
Cambridge,339, 376
Cambridge, John, Prior of Bury,337
Cambridge Parliament (1388),330
Cambridgeshire,339, 523
Camden Society,68
Camden, William,729, 730, 731
Britannia,167, 518
Camelot,168, 170
Camille, Michael,650
Image on the Edge,650
Campbell, Mary B.,620, 699
Campsey Priory (Suffolk),561
Canary Islands,672, 673
Candlesticks,115, 184
Cannibalism,446–7
Canon law,8, 69, 122, 416, 583
Canongate Press, the,576
Cantar de gesta,708
Canterbury,19, 28, 43, 71, 227, 236, 247, 709
Archbishops of,337
Cathedral of,701
Christ Church,7, 45, 228
Franciscan friary of,28
Cape Verdi Islands, the,673
Capella, Martianus, On the Marriage of Philology and Mercury of,653
Capgrave, John,24
Cardiff,171
Cardigan,528
Carley, James P.,643, 644, 645
Carlisle,169, 171
Carmarthen,522
Carnival,210
Carolingian homilies,224
Carolingian schools,306
Carolingian script,354
Carols,403–5
Carpenter, John, Bishop of Worcester,558
Carpenter, John, Common Clerk of London,567–8
di Carpini, John de Piano,716
Carrick,574
Carroll, Jayne,4
Carruthers, Gerald,576
Carter, John,379
Carthage,485
Carthusians,25, 65
Cartlidge, Neil,77
Cartwright, Thomas, of Cottingham,327
Caspian Sea, the,656, 658, 670, 671, 670
Cassandra,164
Catalan,710
Catalini, Jordanus,716 (fn)
Catchwords,45–6, 58, 93
Catechisms,196
Cathay (China),669, 670
Catholic doctrine,103, 115, 485, 580
Cato the Elder,314
Cato the Younger,314
Catterick (‘Catraeth’),169, 583
Cavendish, John, Chief Justice of the King's Bench,337
Caxton, William, 17, 29, 30, 91, 95–8, 99, 124, 177, 181, 385, 536
Canterbury Tales (edition of),96
Description of Britain,536
Golden Legend (edition of),102
(p. 748)
Myrrour of the World,96
Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye,95
Cecily, Duchess of York,562
Celtic myths,9
Celtic peoples,681, 691
Celtic Studies,577
Censorship,102, 103
Ceredigion,520, 521
Cerne, scriptorium of,43
de Certeau, Michael,542
Chaldeans,466
Chambers, R. W., Book of London English, 1384–1525 of (with M. Daunt),335
Chancery,63, 65, 82, 83, 94
‘Chancery English’,534
Chansons de geste,445, 708
Chantries,113, 733
Chapters (in books),91
Charlemagne,161
Charles of Orleans,81
Charters,65, 70, 79, 83, 84, 360, 361, 529
Chartres,566 (fn)
Chaucer, Alice,190
Chaucer, Geoffrey1, 24, 26, 27, 29, 34, 36, 37, 39, 41–3, 47–51, 57, 61, 62, 64, 65, 80–2, 83, 99, 112, 120, 127, 128, 163, 164, 187, 190, 195, 256, 259, 266, 314, 326, 330, 332, 337, 371, 407, 408, 415 (fn), 416, 417, 418–19, 420 (fn), 421 (fn), 422, 426, 427–8, 450, 482, 484, 489, 490–1, 492, 519, 526, 531, 534, 541, 559, 560, 563 (fn), 564, 567, 577, 580, 586–7, 588, 589, 709, 717, 718, 728, 729, 730, 731
ABC,187
Anelida and Arcite,99
Boece,61, 124, 427 (fn)
Book of the Duchess,265–6, 484
Canterbury Tales,23, 42, 47, 48, 51, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 81, 96, 127, 128, 191, 311, 407, 416, 448, 543, 734, 709, 718
Clerk's Tale,49, 312, 486, 490
Cook's Tale,530, 542
Franklin's Tale,164
General Prologue,311, 491, 526, 531, 533, 542
Knight's Tale,164, 407–8, 490
Lenvoye de Chaucer,49
Man of Law's Tale,79, 164, 448–50, 454, 490, 700
Merchant's Tale,49
Miller's Tale,298, 312, 313–15, 371
Monk's Tale,697
Nun's Priest's Tale,418, 542
Pardoner's Prologue and Tale,49, 265, 416
Physician's Tale,490
Prioress's Tale,620
Reeve's Tale,42, 312, 371
‘Retraction’,47, 48, 416
Second Nun's Tale,735
Sir Thopas,18, 164, 332, 416, 552
Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale,120, 164, 265, 312–13, 416, 491, 562, 692
House of Fame,57, 267, 417, 427 (fn), 527
Legend of Good Women,28
Parliament of Fowls,28, 57, 99, 120, 259, 263, 267
Shorter Poems,25, 36
‘Adam Scriveyn’,36, 40, 61, 62
‘Complaints of Mars and Venus’,25
‘Complaint to his Purse’,81
‘Complaint unto Pity’,81–2
‘Lenvoy…a Bukton’,562
‘Lenvoy…a Scogan’,562–3
Troilus and Criseyde,28, 41, 42, 47, 60, 163–4, 418, 427 (fn), 492, 534, 559, 560
Works (1532),29
de Chauliac, Guy, Cyrurgie of,64
Chaworth family,126–9
Chaworth, Sir Thomas, of Wiverton (Notts),125, 126, 127, 128
Chelmsford (Essex),342
ibn Chelo, Isaac b. Joseph, Shebile Jerusalem of,715
Chemins de Jerusalem,708
Chepman, John,28, 581
Chepstow,528
Cheshire,520, 521, 523, 524, 607
Chester,169, 215, 521
Chester Cycle,200, 201, 202, 204, 212, 215
Adoration of the Magi play,204
Post-Reformation Banns,204
Chester Wives,204
Chesterton, G. K., ‘The Secret People’ of,321
‘Chic Lit’,8
Chichele, Archbishop,289
Chichester, bishopric of,289
Children,134, 181, 210, 211, 434
China,618, 715
Chirograph documents,69
Chism, Christine,506, 507, 508, 509
Chivalry,178, 489
Cholmondeley family, the546
Chorography,167
Chrétien de Troyes,601
Cliges,484
Perceval,601, 718
Christ,6, 10, 84, 101, 141, 177, 186, 201, 209, 210, 212, 229, 243, 245, 248, 249, 252–3, 261, 270, 271, 276, 281, 282, 309, 389, 392, 393, 403, 404, 406, 407, 408–9, 420, 426, 428, 439, 451, 453, 454, 464, 482, 484, 487, 488, 552, 565, 601, 614, 615, 616, 617, 619, 622, 623, 625, 630, 631, 653, 660, 661, 669, 670, 699, 731, 711, 717
Blood of,615, 622, 720
(p. 749)
Passion of,614, 617, 619, 711
Second Coming of,439, 711
Christ-cross-row,186
Christendom,507, 518 (fn), 626, 709
Christian history,215, 440, 480, 613, 653, 663, 711
Christian ideology,4, 6, 70, 141, 202, 207, 208, 213, 489, 678
Christianity,72, 141, 142, 145, 148, 177, 417, 439, 451, 458, 481, 485, 507, 632, 635, 658, 678, 679, 681, 700
Christians,91, 210, 435–54, 460, 618 (fn), 620, 631, 673, 677, 727
Christie, Sheila K.,207
Christies auctioneers,126
Christina of Markyate,246–9, 264, 269
Vita (Life) of,241, 246–9, 414
Chronicle of Dieulacres Abbey,380–1
Chronicles,77, 80, 122, 126, 157, 160, 191, 373, 378, 447, 517, 522, 545, 586
Chronicon Angliae,379
Church, the,84, 103, 105, 221, 271–2, 270–93, 343, 359, 371, 385, 434, 448, 453 (fn), 466, 480, 501, 525, 535, 566, 568, 583, 701, 719
Church Fathers,475
Churchyard, Thomas,559
Cicero,37, 40, 41 (fn), 126
De Officiis,123, 124
De re publica,258
‘On Friendship’,124
‘On Old Age’,124
Cinque Ports,169
Court of,325
Cistercians,180 (fn), 566, 718
Citizenship,530
Clanchy, Michael,72, 84, 226
Clancy, Thomas Owne, The Triumph Tree of,576
Clanvowe, John,28
Clarent (Arthur's sword),169
Clarke, Robert,452
Classical literature,9, 124, 127, 413–14, 654, 691
Claudian,119, 262
De raptu Proserpina,114, 119
Claudius (uncle of Hamlet),206
Claudius (student of St Gregory the Great),38–9
Clayton, Mary,444
Cleanness, see Gawain-Poet
Clemoes, Peter,43–5, 50
le Clerc, Guillaume, French translation of the Book of Tobit of,77
Clerke, Robert (heretic of Coventry),282
Clerks,43, 80, 82, 84, 111, 283, 335, 336, 375, 421, 488, 567
Clifford, Maud, Countess of Cambridge,182, 189–90, 191
Clifford, Sir Thomas,190
Clonfert (Ireland),659
Clopton manuscript,569
Close Rolls,329 (fn)
Clovis, King,459 (fn)
Cluniac monks,280 (fn)
Clyde, river,518
Clyde-Forth line,518
Cnut,71, 74
Cockermouth,392
Codex Regius,137
Codices,91
Codicology,415
Coel (king),167
Coenred, King,72
Cohen, Jeffrey Jerome,444, 445, 446, 642, 679, 695, 696, 700
Colchester,167, 326 (fn)
Coldingham monastery,500
Cole, Andrew,378
Coleman, Joyce,164
Collectio canonum hibernensis, the,583
Collins, Minta,404
Colloquys,7
Cologne,95, 166, 167, 168, 720
Columbus, Christopher,681, 716, 720
Comedies,545
Comestor, Peter,123
Comitatus,4
Common law,69, 122
Common Pleas, court of,341
Commonplace books,see Household books
‘Communication circuit’,34–5, 40, 44, 51
Communitas regni (‘community of the realm’)516
Compendia,7
Compilers,12, 192
Complaint literature,332, 484–5, 487
Compostella,708, 717
Computus,311
Confessio,414
Confession,232, 283, 487, 488, 489, 498
Confessionals,8, 482
Confraternities,569
Connolly, Margaret,557 (fn)
Consolatio,414
Constance,164
Council of,286
Constantine the Great,261–2, 284, 614, 713
‘Donation’ of,284
Constantinople,612, 615 (fn), 654, 670, 696, 714
St Sophia's in,621
Conwy,528
Cooper, Helen,48
Copeland, Rita,425 (fn), 588
Copland, Robert,99
Copland, William,29
Copyists,34 (fn), 37 (fn), 43, 50, 66, 541, 545
(p. 750) Corineus,167
Cornish,533
Cornwall,167, 168, 169, 170, 518
Cornwall, Duke of,172
Corpus Christi, feast of,201, 214, 380
Cosmology,96
Cottingham (E. Yorks.),326, 327, 328, 329, 332, 333, 336, 337, 338, 340, 341, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348
Cotton/Anglo-Saxon world map,654, 655–7, 658, 663, 702
Court (royal),83, 127, 172, 527, 528, 541, 544, 582
Court poets134, 152; see also scops
Courtesy,122
Courtliness,10, 482, 541
Courtly literature,680
Courts (legal),78, 524, 529
Coventry,215
Coventry Plays,201, 202, 207, 215
Doomsday Play,214
Craig, Cairns,576
Crane, Susan,161, 322
Cranmer, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury,102
Crauncewick, Andrew, of Cottingham,327, 337
Crawford, Robert, Scotland's Books of,576
Creation myths,70
Creed,103, 187, 282
Crete,258
Crick, Julia,91 (fn), 643, 644, 645
Criseyde,163–4
Croesus,697
Cromwell, Oliver,268
Cromwell, Thomas,123, 730, 736
Cross, the,209, 261, 262 (fn), 469, 507, 615, 616, 623
Croxton Play of the Sacrament,389–90, 392, 451–3
Crucifixes,184, 187
Crucifixion plays,212
Crusades,166, 445, 498, 618 (fn), 620, 626, 664, 680, 708, 721
First Crusade,446, 680, 700 (fn), 708, 714
Third Crusade,445
Fourth Crusade,708
Seventh Crusade,718
Cú Chuimne,583
Cuckoos,589, 594
Cullum, Patricia,183, 185, 189
Cults,183, 185, 208, 506, 509, 731, 732
Cumberworth, Thomas, of Somerby,119 (fn), 125, 126, 127, 128
His ‘Great book of David's Psalter’,128
Cumbria,523, 534
Cumbric dialect,583
Cummings, Brian,730
Cursive script,92
Cursor Mundi,533
Curtius, Ernst Robert,416
Cyberspace,571
Cyclops,681
Cyconocephali,623, 681, 686, 700, 701, 702
Cynefrith,244, 501
Cynewulf,261–2
Elene,261–2
Juliana,148 (fn)
Cynocephales/Cinocephales,656, 658, 666
Dál Riata,581, 584
Damascus,166, 623, 696, 714
Dame Sirith,20, 564
Dan,715
Danegeld,76
Danelaw, the,523, 679
Danes,149, 150, 151, 153, 176, 496, 523, 528, 645
Daniel (Old English poem),460, 466–9, 470, 471–2, 474, 475
Danish attacks,71, 76, 225
Danish literature,626
Dante Alighieri,417, 483, 600, 709, 712, 719
Cammin del nostra vita,719
Divine Comedy,250, 417, 483, 735, 709
Danube, river,662
‘Dares the Phrygian’, History of Troy of,120
‘Dark Ages’,726
Darlington, R. R.,359
Darton, Robert,35, 51
Dauy Dycars Dream,559–60
David, King (biblical),355, 459, 638, 711
David the King,546
Davidson, Clifford,203
Day, John, Anglo-Saxon/English Gospels (edition of),104
Dead, the,240–1, 253, 272
Dead Sea,623
Death,11, 225, 235, 499
Debate writing,77, 78, 545
Declaration of Arbroath,586, 644–5
Dee estuary,520
Deer,594, 663
Deguileville, Guillaume de,
Pilgrimage of Jesus Christ,267
Pilgrimage of the Life of Mankind,128, 267
Pilgrimage of the Soul,24, 128, 267
Deheubarth (Wales),520
Deira,359
Delaney, Mary,187
Delos,257
Denbigh,528
Denmark,150
Deor,133, 135, 136, 138, 139, 140–1, 142–3, 145, 156, 157, 663
Derby, Henry, earl of,337
(p. 751) Derbyshire,27, 340, 523, 564
Derolez, Albert,355, 356–7
Palaeography of Gothic Manuscript Books,356–7
Derry,707
Des Grantz Geanz/De Origine Gigantum,641
Deschamps, Eustace,182
Devil, the,11, 229, 262, 437, 468, 519, 597, 607, 625, 642
Devils,72–3, 74, 225 (fn), 434
Devon,534
Devotional texts,116, 124 (fn), 126, 128, 129, 177, 181–97, 241, 563
Dialogues,76, 83
Diamonds,619, 623–4, 627
Diana, goddess,257, 402, 598, 636, 646
Dickering, Scarborough juror,331
Dictionaries,123
Dictionary of Old English,470, 473
Dillon, Janette,389, 391
‘Dinogad's Coat’,584
Disabled people,434
Disputation Between the Body and the Soul,547
Diss (Norfolk),292
Distichs of Cato, the,314
Dittography,34 (fn)
Dives and Pauper,129
Division (rhetorical),232
Dobson, Barrie,340, 341
Dodesham, Stephen,65–6
Domesday Book,75, 343, 372, 524, 525, 535
Dominicans,235, 715, 716 (fn)
Domitian,424
Doncaster,340, 341, 343, 344
Donestre, the,687
Donne, John,30, 481
First Anniversarie,481
Doomsday,74, 176, 215, 225, 303, 596, 616, 653
Doppelgangers,10
Dorset,169, 534
Douglas, Frederick,188
Douglas, Gavin,293 (fn), 588
Palice of Honour,588
Douglas, Sir James,586
Dover,171
Doyle, A. I.,23, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 426 (fn)
Dragons,166, 167, 168, 670, 680, 684, 691, 692
Drama,1, 8, 189, 200–16, 384–94
Dream of the Rood,4, 256, 469, 584
Dream theory,258–9
Dream Visions,122, 242–5, 251, 256–72, 419, 595
Driver, Martha,99, 101
Dry Tree, the603
Dryhthelm (monk),260–1
Dublin,345
Dumbarton, Kingdom of,584
Dumfriesshire (Scotland),584
Dunbar, William,293 (fn), 395–7, 401, 407, 409, 519, 533, 574, 576, 588, 589, 590
‘Dance of the Seven Deadly Sins’,519
‘I that in heill wes and gladnes’,588
‘Sweet Rose of Virtue and Gentleness’,395–7
Dunnigan, Sarah,576
Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury,222
Durham,228, 360, 656
Cathedral,701
Dutch,698
Dyer, Christopher,372
Dyfed (Wales),520
e-mail spam,570
Eadgils,157
Eadmer,363
Earl of Plo,380
‘Early Modern Period’,91 (fn), 127
Earthly Paradise,603, 604, 605, 606, 673
East/Orient, the449, 546, 604, 663, 680, 681, 682, 685, 686, 696, 716
East Anglia,19, 20, 24, 113 (fn), 194, 195, 250, 270, 359, 500
East India Company,345
East Midlands dialect,535
East Newton (Yorkshire),124
East, Thomas,30
Easter,200
Ebesham, William,42
Ebstorf map,669
Ecgfrith,500
Eddic poets,143
Eden,605, 634, 720
Edgar (king),166, 173, 176, 223
Edinburgh (Din Eidyn),583
Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland,581
Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature,576
Editorial practices,34
Edmund (saint and king),141 (fn), 225 (fn)
Education,70, 71, 72, 84, 112, 114, 182, 185–6, 187–8, 207, 222, 224, 231, 303, 566
Edward I,75, 121 (fn), 515, 516, 524, 528, 549, 586, 643, 644, 645
Edward II,551
Edward III,329, 551
Edward IV,562
Edward VI,730, 732
Edward, the Black Prince,328
Edwards, A. S. G.,58, 335
Egeria,711, 712, 713
‘Egerton preacher’,290
Egil,137
Eglamour of Artois,29
Egypt,467, 618, 644, 658, 669, 711
Eighteenth century,35, 167, 176, 436, 480, 576
Eighth century,136, 354, 436, 458, 466, 520, 632
(p. 752) Eleanor of Aquitaine,365
Elegy,8
Elene,416
Elene, mother of Constantine,261–2
Eleventh century,51, 68, 74, 154, 226, 444, 448, 523, 700, 728
Elias,464
Elijah,465
Ellesmere manuscript,60, 418, 420, 543
Elizabeth I,91, 103, 125
Elizabeth of Schönau,251, 720
Book of Revelations concerning the Sacred Army of Virgins of Cologne,720
Ely (Cambs.),42 (fn), 45, 339, 360, 504, 500
Elyot, Sir Thomas,736
Emaré,79
Encyclopaedias,618, 626
England,4, 7, 17, 18, 22, 28, 58, 68, 77, 85, 91, 94, 95, 98, 103, 137, 160, 168, 173, 181, 187, 200, 209, 222, 240, 266, 267, 277, 284–5, 303, 321, 334, 367, 370, 389, 434, 441, 451, 457, 464, 465, 490, 515, 516–19, 523, 524, 525, 528, 529, 530, 577, 637, 643, 669, 673, 679, 693, 700, 730, 934
Eastern,24
Home Counties of,372
Midlands,22, 125, 201
East Midlands,125, 233
West Midlands,7, 19, 21, 43–4, 58, 234, 541, 548, 549, 547
Northern,21, 25, 26, 201, 323, 530
South of,4, 8, 171, 530, 584
West of,20, 530
English,11, 22, 27, 41, 45, 77, 80, 95, 111, 112, 114, 120, 122, 123, 125, 129, 160, 162, 163, 166, 167, 170, 177, 188, 256, 257, 278, 280, 290, 335, 360, 361, 404, 422, 434, 444, 459, 463 (fn), 480, 489, 496, 499, 532, 534, 562, 564, 574, 589, 612, 619, 633, 637, 669, 698, 708, 710
English imperialism,575
‘English Studies’,129
Englishness,496–510, 547, 619, 620, 679
Ennarationes in Matthaeum,232 (fn)
Entertainment,7
Eorcenwold, abbot of Barking,242
Eormanric the Goth,139 (fn), 149 (fn), 156, 663
Ephesus,616, 617
Epics,71, 114, 119, 146
Epicureanism,491
Erghome, John, friar,118–20
Erler, Mary,181 (fn), 191, 241, 251, 569
Ermin (king),165, 173
Erse,see Gaelic
Escrick, Joan,193
d'Escures, Ralph, bishop of Rochester,228, 229 (fn)
Essex,171, 339, 341, 371, 373, 380 (fn), 523, 547, 559
Estates satire,491
Estency, John, Sacrist of Westminster,95
Estland,663
Ethiopia,656, 658, 663, 666, 685
Ethiopians,702
Ethnography of reading,570
Etins,see giants
Eucharist,718
Eulogy,484
Europe,92, 94–5, 100, 105, 117, 135, 221, 230, 240, 256, 303, 308, 424, 436, 475, 479, 492, 523, 541, 582, 630, 631, 632, 652, 653, 655–6, 658, 661, 662, 664, 672, 677, 696, 721
Eurydice,9
Eusabius of Caeseria, Onomasticon of,714
Eve (the first woman),212, 307, 623, 634, 652, 698
Everard de Bethune,119
Evesham,228
Exchequer,75, 76–7, 83, 84, 325, 421
‘Red Book’ of,535
Exchequer rolls,78, 699
Exempla,26, 35, 43, 44, 49, 59, 62, 64, 65
Exemplary tradition,73, 79, 177
Exeter,19, 43, 564
Skinners Craft play of,201
Exeter Book,2, 19, 136, 298 (fn)
Exile,139
‘Exile and return’,7, 9
Exodus (Old English poem),459
Explicits,83
Eye-skip,34 (fn)
Fabliaux,7, 20
Fabricius,136, 140
Facebook,571
Faeries,9, 10, 11, 160, 173 (fn)
Faery King,171
Faigley, Lester,507 (fn)
Fair Unknown, the,175
Fairfax manuscript,25
Fairy-tales,138
Faith, Rosamond,343
Faithful life,6, 11
Fall, the,71
Fame,135, 136, 140
Farce,589
Farrell, R. T.,469
Fates of the Apostles,4
Fathers (of the Church),39, 40
Feast of Tottenham,196
Felice,177
Ferris, Ina,579
Festival of Britain (1951),201
Feudal system,415, 516, 529, 530, 525, 528
Fiction,8
Field, P. J.,162 (fn)
(p. 753) Fifteenth century,9, 10, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 42 (fn), 57–8, 59, 60, 61, 64, 66, 93, 100, 117, 125, 163, 182, 192, 194, 196, 202, 203, 241, 251, 271, 278, 291, 343, 381, 386, 414, 435, 445, 492, 498, 518, 526, 529, 531, 534, 542, 564, 567, 568, 569, 576, 588, 671, 672, 674, 710, 728
Fifth century,146, 260, 498
Filer Family (of Little Baddow (Essex)),83
Findern family,27
Findern Manuscript,27, 564
Finn,135, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 157
Finnas, the,663
Finnsburh,149
Finnsburh Fragment,133, 135, 149
Fish,26
Fisher, Bishop John,735
Fitzgerald family,694
Fitzneal, Richard, Tricolumnis of,359
FitzNigel, Richard,75
Dialogus de Scaccario,76
Fitzwilliam, Katherine,182, 190
Flambard, Ranulph, Chancellor of England,263
Flemish,533
Flesh, the,11, 229, 244
Flint,528
Flint, Valerie,362
Flodden, battle of,98
Flood, the,603, 631
Floris and Blancheflour,546
Flowers,26, 395–409
‘Flyleaf poems’,18
Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedy,574, 575, 590
Fodor's Guide to Imagined Places,611
Foliation,93
Folk-plays,201
Folk-tales,138
Foot, Sarah,360
Football,205
Forth-Clyde area (Scotland),585
Fortunate Islands,660
Foucault, Michel,71, 418, 421, 703
Fouke Fitzwarren,162 (fn)
Fountain of Youth,619
Four daughters of God,77
Four Foes of Mankind,11
Four Last Things,225
Fourteenth century,7, 9, 20, 21, 22, 46, 47, 58, 92, 113 (fn), 114, 117, 123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 146, 168, 182, 185, 251, 265, 270, 330, 332, 343, 348, 349, 365, 368, 370, 372, 374, 377, 378, 381, 418, 445, 448, 478, 483, 489, 518, 526, 529, 531, 534, 546, 586, 589, 611, 619, 664, 671, 672, 698, 710, 714, 728
Fourth century,134, 156, 257
Fox, Denton,587
Foxe, John,98–9, 104
Fradenburg, Louise,589
France,35, 122, 161, 169, 486, 529, 533, 541, 546
Franciscans,125, 715, 716 (fn)
Franciscus, Ricardus,65
Franklin, Benjamin,314
Franks,146, 147, 459, 632
Franks Casket,136, 139, 143
Franzen, Christine,234
Free will,427 (fn)
French,7, 21, 45, 58, 77, 83, 95, 112, 121, 122–3, 125, 126, 128, 160, 162, 166, 170, 177, 232, 278, 283, 335, 444, 447, 454, 489, 496, 497 (fn), 515, 518, 532, 564, 577, 598, 612, 619, 710
French literature,114, 170, 177, 305, 423, 498, 559
Friars,276, 279, 283, 287, 322, 324, 332
Friedman, John Block,700
Frigyth, prioress of Hackness,245
Frisians,149 (fn), 150, 151, 153, 662
Frobisher, Martin,681
Froissart, Jean,370
Chronicles,123, 370
Prison Amoureuse,588
Fulcher of Chartre, Bishop,447, 708
Furnivall, F. J.,47 (fn)
Fust, Johann,94 (fn)
Gaedel Glas,586
Gaeldom,585
Gaelic,518, 532, 533, 574, 581, 582, 585–6, 589, 590
Galahad, Sir,719
Galeron,175
Ganfanstantes, the,673
Ganges, river,664, 685
Ganim, John,491
Garnet, George,680
Garrison, Mary,631
Garton, John, of Beverley,327
His servant William,327
Gatch, Milton McC.,223
Gaul,636
Gaunt, John of,113, 343, 349, 350, 372, 600
Savoy Palace,349, 350
Gawain, Sir,168, 174, 175, 176–7, 186–7, 478, 521, 595, 596, 600–2, 607, 695, 696
Gawain-Poet,168 (fn), 489, 594–607
Cleanness/Purity,596, 601, 602
Patience,596–600, 603
Pearl,256, 481, 595, 599, 602–6, 735
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,21, 168, 478, 521, 595, 600–2, 603, 692, 695–7
Geary, Patrick J.,241, 630, 645
Geasa,173
Geats,152, 299
Gems,144, 620
Gender,244
Genealogies,71, 355, 359
(p. 754) Genocide,620
Genre,8, 12, 79, 133, 160–1, 200, 202, 203, 284, 458 (fn)
Gent, Thomas,345, 346, 347, 348
Ancient and Modern History of the Famous City of York, the,345
Annales Regioduni Hullini, the,345
History of Ripon,345
Gentry,58, 80, 84, 112, 114, 124–6, 127, 188, 194, 196, 330, 375, 546, 564, 569
Geoffrey, Abbot of St Albans,248–9, 264
Geoffrey of Monmouth,167, 169, 170, 353, 356, 357, 362, 363–4, 365, 366, 368, 504, 516, 536, 636–41, 643, 645, 646, 691, 692, 695, 720
Historia regum Britanniae,157, 167, 169, 170, 172, 362, 363–4, 365, 368, 618, 636, 680, 692, 700
Gepids, the,632
Gerald of Wales,353, 518, 520, 683
Description of Wales,520
Itinerary,520
Topography of Ireland,670, 692, 694
German,74, 269
German literature,626
Germania,661, 663
Germanic heroism,4, 299, 688
Germanic-language cultures,135, 632
Germanic peoples,71, 463, 631, 678, 687
Germany,137 (fn)
Gerson, Jean,278
Gesede, Patrick, of Newland,327
Ghosh, Kantik,293 (fn)
Ghosts,174, 175
Giants,168, 635, 636, 638, 640, 646, 678, 679, 680, 682–4, 689, 691, 692, 693, 695, 696, 697
Gildas,458, 464, 631, 632, 633, 635, 640 (fn), 646
De excidio et conquestu Britanniae,464, 631
Giles of Rome, De regimine principum of,121
Gilgen, Peter,474 (fn)
Gillespie, Alexandra,50
Ginzburg, Carlo,379
Given-Wilson, Chris,355 (fn)
Glamorgan,170, 521
de Glanville, Ranulph, Tractatus de legibus et consuetudinibus regni Angliae of,76
Glassborow, Philip,200
Glastonbury,169, 171
Glossa ordinaria,232 (fn)
Glosses,101, 102, 121, 568, 649
Gloucester,423
Gloucester Abbey,360
Gloucestershire,127
Glyn, Guto'r,522
God,11, 36, 37 (fn), 41, 71, 71, 101, 104, 142, 148, 149, 164, 171, 212, 224 (fn), 225 (fn), 240, 243, 247, 254, 271, 285, 290, 291, 300, 301, 309, 379, 406, 408, 414, 417, 419, 438, 439, 446, 450, 458, 459, 460–2, 464, 465, 467, 468, 470, 471, 472, 474–4, 475, 480, 481, 486, 487, 488–9, 500, 558, 595, 598, 599, 600, 607, 624, 631, 633, 634, 639, 646, 653, 660, 664, 682 (fn), 684, 685, 689, 699, 711, 713, 719, 731, 732, 733
Godfrey of Bouillon,616
Gododdin,577, 583–4
Le Goff, Jacques,241, 251, 678
Gog-Magog,167, 624, 638, 639, 642, 656, 658, 670, 671, 693, 702
Gold,522
Goldberg, Jeremy,183, 185, 189
Golden Mountain,656
Goliardic verse,77, 120
Goliath,638, 682
Good Samaritan, the,215
Good Works,254
Goodin Family,101
Goodness Gracious Me!,727
Gordon, E. V.,602
Gorgons,616
Gormund/Gurmunt, King,637, 640
Gothic,353–68
Gothic script,92, 96
Gothland/Gothia,663
Goths,139 (fn), 632, 683
Gower, John,27, 29, 57, 61, 64, 80, 112, 127, 285, 291–2, 371, 417, 489, 541, 542, 544, 560, 587, 588, 589, 728, 729, 730
Confessio amantis,23, 59, 60, 61, 64, 65, 117, 129, 163, 330
Vox clamantis,162, 163, 284, 291
Gowther, Sir,695
Grail Castle, the,601
Grail knights, the,721
Grainge, William,348
Grammar,114, 119, 120, 123
Grammar books,119
Grammar schools,566
Grammatica, Lady,566 (fn)
Gramsci, Antonio,391, 427
de Grandisson, John, bishop of Exeter,418
Gransden, A.,360, 361
Grants,69, 80–1
‘Gras dew of the Sowde’,128
Gratian,416
Gravel Sea,623, 624, 625, 627
Great Khan,623–4
Great Sea,483
Great Seal,82, 734
Great Yarmouth (Suffolk),341
Greece,302, 636, 641, 663
Greek,260, 445, 469 (fn), 615, 637
Greeks,615
Green Chapel, the,600, 607
(p. 755) Green Knight, the,601, 607, 695, 696
Green, Robert, of Cottingham,327, 337
Greenblatt, Stephen,617, 626
Gregg, Joan Young,444
Grendel,71, 74, 152, 154, 155, 223, 310, 688, 689, 690
Grendel's mother,688
Gretsch, Mechtild,508
Grettis saga Asmundarsonar,689
Grey family,546
Grey, Joan,193
Griffins,656 (fn), 661, 671
Gringolet (Gawain's horse),601
Griselda,312
Griste, the,665
Gui de Warewick,546
Guidebooks,709, 716
Guilbert of Nogent,414, 484 (fn)
Monodies (aka, A Monk's Confession’),414
Guinevere, Queen,168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 176, 696
Guiron le Courtois,190, 191
Guntharius,see Guthhere
Gutenberg, Johann,93, 95
Guthhere,147, 148, 149, 156
Guy of Warwick,162 (fn), 176–7, 168, 546
Guy of Warwick,29, 546
ap Gwilym, Dafydd,531
Gwynedd (Wales),520, 521
Gwynedd, Hywel ab Owain,522
Gyl,203
Hadewijch, abbess,269
Hadley, George,345, 346, 348, 349
New and Complete History … of Kingston-upon-Hull,346
Hagano,149–56
Hagar,436
Hagena,see Hagano
Hagiographic romance,160
Hagiographies,7, 10, 12, 20, 24, 26, 45, 177, 196, 488, 499, 502, 504, 546, 561, 565, 582, 659
Hali Meiþhad/The Epistle of Maidenhood,235
Hall, Joseph,229
Halogaland,661
Ham/Cham, son of Noah,631–2
Hama,149 (fn)
Hamlet,205
Hamlet,479
Hammond, Eleanor,65
‘Hammond scribe’,47, 65
Hampshire,191
Hanaper, the,83
Hanna, Ralph,49, 161, 232 (fn), 233 (fn)
Hanning, Robert,490
Harding, Thomas,372
Hardlad, John,337
Harley lyrics,21, 405–6
Harpists,585, 589
Harriss, Gerald,82
Harrowing of Hell,547
Hatfield (S. Yorks.),340
Hauchach, John,339
Haughmond, monastery of,287
Hautdesert,600, 601, 602
Havelock,162 (fn), 175
Havelock the Dane,20, 528, 551
Hawes, Stephen,29, 728, 729, 730
Hawking,9, 522, 595
Hawthorne, Nathaniel,259, 261
‘Young Goodman Brown’,259
Haymo,38
Hays, Rosalind Conklin,203
Hayton of Armenia, Flos historiarum terrae Orientis of,669
Headers (textual),96
Healfhundingas, the,see Cynocephales
Heaven,178, 225, 243, 259, 261, 287, 489, 604, 717, 732
Hebrew,458, 459, 460, 461, 464, 466, 471–2, 474, 475, 619, 612 (fn), 624, 670, 708
Hedeby (Denmark),663
Hederas,101
Heege (scribe),27
Hehca,156
van Heijnsbergen, Theo,580
Heldris of Cornwall, Silence of,692
Helen of Troy,485
Hell,73, 225, 250, 259, 261, 552, 625, 660, 732, 733
Harrowing of,268, 426
Hell-mouth,552
Heloise,240, 486–7
Heneke, William,326
Heng, Geraldine,445, 446, 447, 449, 613 (fn)
Empire of Magic,613 (fn)
Hengist,135, 149, 153, 549, 633 (fn)
Hengwrt manuscript,48–9, 60, 62, 543
Henry I,226, 529, 693
Henry II,174 (fn), 359, 523
Henry III,498
Henry IV,81, 84, 422, 562
Henry V,83, 370 (fn), 560
Henry VI,24, 215
Henry VII,215, 385, 522, 569, 673, 730
Henry VIII,98, 115, 391, 518, 730, 731, 733, 735
‘Minions’ of,391
Royal Supremacy of,735
Henry of Huntingdon,353, 356, 357, 358, 362, 364, 367, 368, 536
Historia Anglorum,362, 367, 368, 536
Henryson, Robert,293 (fn), 533, 576, 588
Testament of Cresseid,588
Heorot,70, 154, 688
(p. 756) Heoroweard,149 (fn)
Heorrenda,142, 143
Heraclia,451
Heraldic announcements,201
Heraldic texts,65
Herbals,405
Herbert, George,30
Herbs,396, 401, 405, 642
Hercules,483
Hercules, columns/pillars of,656, 672
Hereford, Franciscans of,125
Hereford map, the,660, 664, 666
Hereford, Nicholas,343
Herefordshire,20, 521, 523, 534
Heregeld,see Danegeld
Herelingas,156
Heremod,149 (fn), 155
Heretics,434
Hermaphrodites,613, 666
Hermits,9, 10, 650
Hermogenes,621 (fn)
Herod, King,210, 211, 212, 661
Herodis,9
Herodotus,702
History,685
‘Heroic Age’,134–57
‘Heroic code’,134, 135, 137
Heroic verse,133–57
Heroism,4, 10, 584, 678, 679
Hertford, Castle of,350
Hertfordshire,342
Hervy, William of Mildenhall,372
Hesperides, the,656
Hessitio, son of Alanus, father of Brutus,632
Hewlett, Maurice Henry,325, 326
Heytoun,716
Hibernia,654
Hickes, George,149
Higden, Ranulph,532
Polychronicon,126, 127–8, 518, 532, 534, 536, 532, 604, 672
Higgins, Iain Macleod,612 (fn), 617, 618 (fn), 620, 626, 698
Highlanders (Scottish),518
Highlands (Scotland),518
Hild, abbess of Whitby,558
Hildeburh,149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 157
Hildegard of Bingen,37, 240, 257, 263, 264, 269, 271, 414 (fn), 419, 720
Letters,414 (fn), 419
Scivias,263
Symphonia Harmonia Celestium Revelationum,720
Hildegyth,see Hildgunt
Hildelith, abbess of Barking,243
Hildgunt,146–7
Hill, Joyce,37, 146 (fn)
Hilton, Walter,29, 112
Ladder of Perfection,719
Meddled Life,128
Himantopods,666
Hippocrates' daughter,613, 615 (fn)
Historia de Preliis,603
Historia Meriadoci,174 (fn), 175
Historians,324, 326, 353, 357, 364, 379, 516, 645, 707
Histories,7, 76, 121, 370, 414, 637
History,71, 415, 499, 630
History of Troy,95
Hitler, Adolf,417
Hnæf,149, 150, 151, 152, 153
‘Hobbe the Robber’,379
Hobbes, Thomas,259
Hoc,152
Hoccleve, Thomas,23, 27, 28, 42, 61–3, 80, 82–4, 112, 127, 370, 374–5, 381, 415 (fn), 420, 421, 422, 488, 489, 490–2, 541, 560, 567
‘Complaint’,488, 489
‘Formulary’,82, 83
‘Lady Money’,83
Letter of Cupid,83
Regiment of Princes,30, 62, 63, 65, 83, 370 (fn), 560
Series, the,488, 489
Holinshed, Raphael, Chronicles of,518
Holland,526
Holland, Richard, Buke of the Howlat of,589
Hollis, Stephanie,246
Holland, Thomas, 5th earl of Kent,328
Holofernes,697
Holy Family,185
Holy Grail,718, 719, 720
Holy Land,171, 611, 613, 614, 615, 617–21, 654, 664, 669, 670, 700, 707, 708–9, 711, 712, 717, 720
Holyhead,168, 600
Homer,693 (fn)
Iliad,120, 683 (fn)
Homilies,4, 7, 221 (fn), 223, 565
Homodubii,686
Homoeoteleuton,34 (fn)
Hong Kong,707 (fn)
Honorius, emperor,262
Honorius Augustodunensis,
Elucidarium,228
Imago Mundi,656
Honour,135, 148, 151
Hood, Robin,380
‘Hooked g scribe’,47, 64, 65, 66
Horace,120, 736
Horae,see Books of Hours
Horn, Andrew, Chamberlain of London,59, 547
Horn Childe,546
(p. 757) Horobin, Simon,50
Horsa,633 (fn)
Horses,134, 165, 166, 167, 173, 522
Hortus conclusus,604
House of the Sun,603
Household books,192–4, 195–7, 564
Household drama,386
Household miscellanies,see Household books
Houseman, A. E.,34 (fn)
Howard, Thomas,see Surrey, Thomas Howard, Earl of
Howden, Edmund, of Cottingham,327, 337
Hrothgar,70, 152, 154, 155, 156, 300, 301, 688, 690
Hrothulf,149 (fn), 154, 156
Hudson, Anne,378, 422
Hugh, Abbott of Bury St Edmunds,79
Hugh of Lincoln,442
Hugh of St-Victor, De arca Noe Mistica of,656, 658
Hull (E. Yorks),326, 328, 329, 331, 333, 337, 338, 339, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350
Church of Holy Trinity,348
Hulme, William, royal escheator,328, 337, 338
Humanism,120, 123
Humber, river,328, 534
Humberside,329, 348
Humberstone (Leices.),122
Hundred Years' War,447, 679
Hundreds,523, 525, 526, 527
Hungary,618
Hungerford, Lady,123
Hunnish,147
Huns,146, 261, 643
Huntingdon, Samuel P., Clash of Civilizations of,708
Huntingdonshire,523
Huntington Library, the (San Marino, California),101, 105
Huot, Sylvia,419
Hussites,727
Hygelac/Higlacus, king of the Geats,688
Hymns,28, 501
Hyperboreans,658
Iceland,143
Icelandic language,135
Icelandic legend,135
Icelandic literature,584
Identity,208, 434, 446, 478–93, 509
L'image du Monde,96
Imagination, the,69, 79, 84, 134, 354, 368
Imperialism,497, 575
Incipits,83
Incunabula,90, 91, 102, 103, 105
India,156, 302, 618, 621, 656, 664, 669, 670, 685
Indians,663
Individuality,478–93
Indulgences,95, 102
Ingeld,149 (fn)
Inglewood forest,168
‘Inglis’,575
Injunctions, Royal (1538),732–3
Innes, Matthew,635
Innocent III, Pope,280
Inns of Court,341, 532
Interludes, dramatic,386
Interpolation,34 (fn)
Inventio,504, 508
Iona Monastery,581, 582, 584
Ireland,168, 428, 515, 516, 533, 577, 581, 585, 644, 659–61, 693, 694
Irish,162, 463 (fn), 590, 633, 683
Irish historians,585
Irish literature,150, 223, 626
Irish nobility,582
Isaac,615
Isaac of Norwich,699
Isabella, Queen,551
Ishmael, son of Abraham and Hagar,436, 437
Isidore of Seville,121, 397–9, 400, 401, 402, 404, 408, 684, 687, 698
Etymologies,123, 397–9, 400, 408, 650–2, 685
Islam,435, 448, 449, 700
Islamic pilgrimage,707, 710, 713, 714
Islamic poetry,719
Islamic Spain,700, 727
Israel,458, 461, 462, 463, 467, 468, 469, 474, 475, 711
Israel the Grammarian,458 (fn)
Israelites,71, 466, 663
Italian,672
Italian literary tradition,40, 423, 626
Italy,389, 405, 529, 541
Itineraria,618, 626
Itinerarium Burdigalense,613–14
Jack in the Green,380
Jack o' Lent,380
Jack, R. D. S.,576
Jacobson, Roman,416
Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda Aurea (Golden Legend) of,100, 101, 102, 129, 669
Jacques de Vitry, Historia Orientalis of,670, 671
Jaffa,715, 716
James I of Scotland,28, 81
Kingis Quair, the,587, 588
James IV,589
James, Christine, of Boarstall (Bucks),118
James family, of Boarstall,118
James the Apostle, Play of,189
Japheth, son of Noah,631
Jasconius,660
Jericho,614
Jerusalem,166, 209, 261, 445, 448, 613–18, 623, 654, 669, 682, 693, 710–15, 717, 719, 720, 721
Church of the Holy Sepulchre,614 (fn), 615, 616 617, 622
Fatayid conquest of (970),711
Fosse Ynone (Ditch of Menmon),623
Muslim conquest of (638),710
Temple of,602
Jerusalem, the ‘New’ or Heavenly City,599, 604, 720
Jewell, Helen,529
Jewish pilgrimage,707, 710, 713, 714
Jewishness,620
Jews,209, 434, 435, 437, 438–9, 41–6, 450–4, 457–75, 615, 619, 620, 623, 624, 650, 670, 671, 677, 678, 680, 699–700, 710, 711, 714, 715, 716, 727
Expulsion from England (1290),699
Jocelyn of Brakelond, Chronicle of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds of,79
‘Johannis B’,381
John XXII, Pope,644
John, king of France,266
John of Garland,119
John of Fordun,586
Chronica gentis Scotorum,518–19
John of Montecorvino,716
John of Piano Carpini,664, 716 (fn)
John of Rupescissa,424
John of Sacrobosco, De sphaera of,660
John of Salisbury, Policraticus of,76
John of Worcester,353, 357, 358, 359, 361, 364, 368
Chronicle,357, 359, 360, 361
John, sub-deacon of Ravenna,38
John the Archcantor,500–1
Johnson, Richard, of Cottingham,327
Johnston, Alexandra F.,201
de Joinville, Jean,709 (fn), 708, 709, 714, 718
La Vie de Saint Louis,716, 717
Jonah,595, 600–2, 603
Jongleurs,40,
Jonson, Ben,30, 380
Gypsies Metamorphos'd,380
Jordan, river,614, 623
Jordan de Ros,79
Jordan, William, friar,426
Joseph (husband of the Virgin),209, 212
Joseph of Arimathea,615, 622
Josian,165, 166, 167
Judah,462, 465
Judaism,438, 441, 452
Judas Iscariot,661
Judas Maccabeus,440
Judgement Day,see Doomsday
Julian of Norwich,37, 240, 241, 249–50, 270–1
A Revelation of Love,249
A Vision Showed to a Devout Woman,249, 252, 271
Julian the Notary, translation of The Golden Legend of,129
Julius (martyr),170
Julius Caesar,549, 634, 697
Junius Manuscript,19
Jupiter,257
Juries,335
Justice,112
Justice, Steven,322, 341, 343, 373–4, 375, 377, 379, 380
Justices of the Peace,113, 335, 342
Jutes,135, 152, 633
Juvenal,120
Kabbaleh,715
Kamber,167, 643
Kane, George,164, 428
Karaites of Iran,710, 715
Katherine of Aragon,385
Kay, Sir,174
Kean, P. M.,603
Kebell, Thomas,122–4, 126, 127
Kedar,715
Keen, Maurice,113 (fn)
Kempe, Margery1, 37, 250, 252–3, 271, 421, 488, 489, 490, 492, 709, 714, 718
The Book of Margery Kempe,241, 250, 252, 271, 414, 488, 709, 735
à Kempis, Thomas, Imitatio Christi of,413
Kendall, Elliot,330, 331
Kenilworth,214, 600
Kennedy, Walter,574–5, 588, 589, 590
Kent,95, 171, 232, 327, 339, 359, 371, 376, 389, 394, 523, 534, 541, 634
Kent, Duchess of,328
Kentish dialect,534, 535
Kentish Homilies,232
Kentish rebels (1381),342, 349
Ker, Neil,45
Kerby-Fulton, Kathryn,378
Key, Walter, London fishmonger,349
Keys of Heaven,74
King Alexander,564, 697
King and the Shepherd,196
King Horn,162 (fn), 175
King Horn,20, 21 (fn)
King, John, of Hullbank,327
King of Tars,449 (fn)
King, Thomas, of Hullbank,327
Kinges Quair,see James I of Scotland
King's Bench, court of,324, 325–6, 327, 329, 330, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338–40, 344, 345, 347, 349, 350, 371, 373 (p. 759)
Brevia files,334
Panella files,334
Recorda files,334, 336, 339
Kings,10, 70, 71, 72, 78 (fn), 81 (fn), 172, 175, 205, 210, 354, 516, 517, 520, 546, 583
Kings Lynne (Norfolk),24
Kingship,10, 583
Knaresborough Castle,344
Knighton, Henry,370, 374
Knights,10, 79, 112, 161, 170, 173, 176, 408, 490, 516, 530, 595, 691, 719
Knights Hospitaller,709
Knights of the Shire,112, 524
Knights Templar,709
Koch, J. T.,584
Kolbeinsson, Bishop Bjarni,584
Kolsson, Earl Rögnvaldr Kali,584
Kristeva, Julia,703
Krug, Rebecca,188, 569
Reading Families,569
Ktesias,685
Lambeth Homilies, the,230, 233, 234
Lambeth Palace,373, 415
Lamoria,623
Lampert, Lisa,437, 443, 444, 451, 453
Lampeter Bible, the,596
Lancashire,523
Lancaster, Duke of,344
Lancastrians,251, 421
Lancelot (prose narrative),718, 719
Lancelot, Sir,171
Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury,227, 444
Langland, William,57, 61, 80, 120, 215, 256, 268, 278, 282, 283–5, 286, 289, 291, 292, 371, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 414, 417, 419, 422, 425, 426, 427–9, 482, 489, 526, 536, 541, 542, 544, 719
Piers Plowman,4, 57, 61, 63, 79, 191, 215, 256, 267–8, 270, 277, 278, 279, 280, 283–5, 287, 288, 289, 291, 371, 374, 377, 379, 380, 381, 416, 417, 419–20, 422, 426, 428–9, 482, 507–8, 526, 530, 541, 542, 560, 565, 569, 719
Langley, Henry,95
Langley, Katherine,95
Langobards,632
Langtoft, Pierre de,516
Lapidaries,7
Last Judgement, the215; see Doomsday
Large, Robert,95
Lateran Councils,
Fourth (1215),230, 235, 280, 442, 445
Third (1179),230
Latin,11, 21, 37, 38, 39, 45, 58, 70, 74, 76, 77, 81, 83, 94, 104, 112, 114, 116, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 125, 126, 127, 129, 137 (fn), 146, 160, 162, 174, 187, 188, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 228, 232–3, 251, 260, 263, 269, 333, 353, 360, 361, 363, 368, 404, 420, 442, 463 (fn), 469 (fn), 474 (fn), 480, 489, 498, 499, 501, 546, 558, 564, 566, 577, 581, 587, 603, 604, 615, 621 (fn), 626, 632, 634, 669, 672, 709
Latin literacy,72, 80
Latini, Brunetto,719
Trésor,121
Latins, the,632
Laud Manuscript,20
Launde (Leicestershire), priory of,28, 125
Launfal, Sir,171–3
Laurant de Premierfait,123
Lavezzo, Kathy,498
Law,8, 71, 112, 172, 321, 342, 534
Law books,121, 123, 126, 583
Law codes,7, 8, 70
de Lawath, Geoffrey,113 (fn)
Lawyers,112, 114, 120, 112–14
Layamon,353, 356, 364, 365–6, 367
The Brut,20, 77, 367, 368
Lees, Clare A.,245–6, 632, 634, 641
Legal records,115, 414
Legendaries,189
Leicester (‘Kaerleir’),167, 195, 203, 339
Leicestershire,523
Leir,167
Leland, John,729, 730
Leofric,44, 564
Leogetia,636, 641
Leontophona,673
Lerer, Seth,587, 689–90
Lertices, the,686
Les ditz moraulz des philosophers,96
Letter of Alexander to Aristotle,671, 690, 697
Leversedge Edmund (aka ‘William Wretch’),271
Leviathan,596, 684
Lex Christi,282
Lexis,140
Libels,569
Liber Eliensis,353, 360
Liber Horn,59
Liber Monstorum, the687, 688, 690
Liber vitae,73
Libraries,90, 105, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119–28, 563, 568
Lichfield, William, The Complaint of God of,27
Lieberman, Max,516
Life of Alexander,697
Life of St. Christopher,679
Life of St. Julian,234
Life of St. Katherine,234
Life of St. Margaret,7, 234
Lilies,398–9, 400–1, 402, 405, 408–9
Limners,65, 97
Lincoln, 203, 551, 620 (p. 760)
St Anne's play of,203
Lincoln's Inn,191, 380
Lincolnshire,231, 523
Lindsey,359
Lister, Geoffrey (aka John Littestere) of Norwich,341, 372
Literacy,8, 80, 84, 92, 111, 114, 182, 186, 192, 221, 297, 561
‘Literary’, the,69, 84, 111–12, 324–5
Literature, scholars of,324, 375, 415–16, 453, 570, 707
‘Little Office of the Blessed Virgin’,116
Liturgical books,116, 117, 119, 123, 125, 189–90
Liturgical calendars,65, 118
Liturgical year,200, 224, 231
Liturgy,201
Livery,327, 330, 331, 332, 333, 338
Llanbadarn,531
Llyfr Aneirin (‘The life of Aneirin’),583
Locrinus,167, 643
Locus and platea (dramatic),389, 390, 392, 393
Logres (southern England),167, 168
Loki,689
Lollards,22, 121, 276, 277, 281–2, 288, 343, 344, 562, 727
Lollardy,121, 240, 276, 288, 429
Lombard, Peter, Sentences of,121, 126
Lombards,550, 552
Lombardy,176
London,21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 29, 58–9, 60, 61, 63, 65, 80, 97, 112, 113 (fn), 114, 120, 124, 127, 138, 166, 167, 170, 171, 233, 251, 291, 314, 329, 343, 337, 341, 342, 343, 350, 371, 375, 422, 427, 503, 507, 509, 524, 540–53, 559, 562, 567, 619, 654
Aldgate,541
Archdeaconry of,65
Billingsgate,167, 349
Bishop of Winchester's palace,415
Bow,550
Bow Street,166
Charing Cross,542, 549
Cheapside,166, 550, 551
City authority of,329, 345
‘Clink’ prison,415
Fleet Street,97, 542
Goose Lane,550, 551
Gracechurch Street,167
Guildhall, the,59, 567
Guilds of,50, 65, 541
Houndsditch,549
Leadenhall,160, 550
Lombard Street,544
‘The George’ on,544
London Bridge,542
Ludgate (London),166, 167, 549
Merchants of,97
Mile End,341, 342, 349
Paul's Warf,544
‘The George’ at,544
Putney,550
Smithfield,349, 736
Tower of,170, 334, 549, 736
Tower Street,550
Tyburn,736
Vintry, the562
London Lickpenny,530, 542
Loomis, Laura,57
Lord's Prayer,103, 187, 282, 566
Loretto,709
Loric, helper of Christina of Markyate,249
de Lorris, Guillaume259, 264; see also Romance of the Rose
de Losinga, Herbert, bishop of Norwich, Exemplum of,442–3
Louis IX,716
Love, Harold,580
Love, Nicholas,112
Mirror of the Blessed Life of Jesus Christ, The,30, 64, 65–6, 271
Lowland (Scottish) dialect,576, 577, 585, 586
Lowlanders (Scottish),519
Lowlands (of Scotland),518
Lucifer212, 303, 660; see also Devil, the and Satan
Lud, King,167, 549
Ludchurch (Staffordshire),607
Ludlow,21, 58
Ludolph of Saxony, Vita Christi of,126, 129
Luttrell, Sir Geoffrey,113 (fn), 116, 565
Luttrell Psalter,565, 701
Lybeaus Desconus,18
Lydgate, John,26, 27, 28, 29, 57, 64, 65, 112, 128, 163 (fn), 190, 483, 541–2, 567, 587, 588, 589, 590, 728, 729
Fall of Princes,18, 24, 65, 128
Life of Our Lady,17, 128
Lives of Saints Alban and Amphibel,128
Lives of Saints Edmund and Fremund,23
Siege of Thebes,65
Troy Book,65, 128
Lynch, Kathryn,450
Lyndsay, Sir David of the Mount,588–9
Testament of the Papyngo,588
Lynn (East Anglia),371
St Margaret's church,250
Lyrics,7, 19, 21, 27, 29, 58, 122, 484, 565
Lyty (scribe),25
McGurk, P.,359
McKitterick, David,90 (fn)
McLeod, Wilson,585
Macaronic writings,8, 404
(p. 761) Macaulay, Thomas Babington,326
MacDiarmid, Hugh,576
MacDougall, Hugh,636, 640
Macedonians,615
Macfadyean,519
Machan, Tim William,588
de Machaut, Guillaume,265–6
Fonteinne Amoreuse,265
Macrobius,258, 264, 266, 267, 595, 654
‘Commentary on the Dream of Scipio’,258–9, 267, 653, 654
Maeþhild,139
Magic,173
Magna Carta,75, 521
Mahabharata,702–3
Maintenance,30, 331, 332, 333, 338
Mainz,93
Maitland of Lethington, Sir Richard,578
Mak,203
Malory, Thomas,170, 171, 177, 178, 211, 527–8, 710, 718
Morte Darthur,30, 170, 171, 176, 177, 527, 718
Malvern Hills,541
Malynson, Robert, of Cottingham,327
Malynson, Simon, of Cottingham,327
Malynson, Steven, of Cottingham,327
Manchester Passion,201
Mandeville, Sir John,613, 614, 615, 616–17, 618–19, 621–7, 670, 698, 715, 716, 717
Mandeville's Travels/Book of Sir John Mandeville,122, 124 (fn), 569, 603, 611–27, 669–71, 673, 674, 680, 681, 697, 715
‘Egypt Gap’ in,612, 626
Manichaeism,486
Manicules,101
Manly, John Matthews,47
Mann, Jill,491
Manna,616, 627
Mannyng, Robert, Brut of,157, 160
Manorial courts,527
Manumissions,70, 341–2
Manuscript anthologies,8, 58, 59, 124 (fn), 322, 578
Manuscripts,3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 17–30, 33–51, 57–61, 77, 90–2, 93, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104–6, 123, 133, 137 (fn), 167, 202, 203, 222, 226, 228, 366, 417, 542, 543, 560, 562, 564, 569, 570, 578–81, 649–50
Decoration,93, 547, 649
Decorators,19, 23, 24, 28, 65
Illumination,93, 118, 182, 183, 191, 649
Illustrators,19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 65, 404, 547
Map, Walter, Epistola Valerii,120
Mappae Mundi,652, 654–75, 701–2
Maps,650–74
Marcher Lordships,521
Marches of England,517, 518, 520–2, 528, 522
Mare, Edmund de la, King's Admiral,341
Margaret, nun of Winchester/Nunnaminster,251
Margaret, Queen (wife of Henry VI),214–15
Margaret, sister of Christina of Markyate,249
Margaret of Burgundy,95
Marginalia,649
Margins,649–51, 673–4
Marian lyrics,196
Marian martyrs,98
Marianus Scotus,359
Marie de France,9, 171, 250, 252
Lays of,692
Bisclavret,694, 695
Lanval,171–2, 173, 174
Saint Patrick's Purgatory,251–2
Markyate,249
Marriage,416, 448, 501, 562
Marshall, William, of Cottingham,327, 327, 337
Martha and Mary,249
Martial,120
Marvels/Wonders of the East,654, 685, 686, 687, 688, 690, 700, 702
Mary I (Mary Tudor),101, 737
Mary Cleophas,185
Mary, Queen of Scots,580
Mary Salome,185
Mary, the Virgin, mother of Christ,74, 181, 184, 185, 187, 193, 209, 228, 241, 242, 243, 246, 247, 248, 250, 252,