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date: 16 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the copying and transmission of medieval texts in their manuscript culture in England during the Middle Ages. It considers the complicated process of the making of a manuscript from several perspectives including the difficult relationship between scribes and authors. It evaluates the different writing environments in which manuscripts were copied and circulated and analyses the difficulties associated with the transmission of the texts of two medieval authors, who are situated at the opposite ends of the medieval period: Ælfric of Eynsham in the tenth century and Geoffrey Chaucer in the fourteenth. The findings suggest that Ælfric and Chaucer share the same anxieties regarding scribes.

Keywords: medieval text, textual copying, textual transmission, manuscript culture, England, Middle Ages, scribes, authors, Ælfric of Eynsham, Geoffrey Chaucer

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