- The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas
- List of Contributors
- Slavery in the Americas
- Spanish Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
- Mexico and Central America
- Spanish South American Mainland
- British West Indies and Bermuda
- Dutch Caribbean
- French Caribbean
- Colonial and Revolutionary United States
- Early Republic and Antebellum United States
- The Transatlantic Slave Trade
- The Origins of Slavery in the Americas
- Biology and African Slavery
- Indian Slavery
- Race and Slavery
- Class and Slavery
- Religion and Slavery
- Proslavery Ideology
- United States Slave Law
- Slave Resistance
- Slave Culture
- The Economics of Slavery
- Gender and Slavery
- Abolition and Antislavery
- Slavery and the Haitian Revolution
- Internal Slave Trades
- Demography and Slavery
- Comparative Slavery
- Finding Slave Voices
- Archaeology and Slavery
- Post‐Emancipation Adjustments
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on southern slaveholders. Slave ownership in the South varied considerably, from region to region, from farm to plantation, and from settled society to frontier. Unlike their counterparts in the British and French Caribbean, antebellum southern masters tended to be residents not absentees. Unlike their counterparts in nineteenth-century Cuba and Brazil, they presided over an American-born slave population since the mid-eighteenth century. Unlike slaveholding sugar planters throughout the Americas, few owned more than 100 slaves. Conflicts arose among masters, who, because of slavery's influence, zealously guarded their liberty and grew especially touchy on questions of honour. Slave societies, like all social formations, evolved through time, and masters, as parts of those societies, changed along with them. In the case of southern slaveholders, the most important change over time was that from patriarchalism to paternalism.
Eugene D. Genovese , a retired historian, works as an independent scholar from his home in Atlanta, Georgia.
Douglas Ambrose co-founded the Alexander Hamilton Institute for the Study of Western Civilization in Clinton, New York, and is Professor of History at Hamilton College.
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