- The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas
- List of Contributors
- Slavery in the Americas
- Spanish Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
- Mexico and Central America
- Spanish South American Mainland
- British West Indies and Bermuda
- Dutch Caribbean
- French Caribbean
- Colonial and Revolutionary United States
- Early Republic and Antebellum United States
- The Transatlantic Slave Trade
- The Origins of Slavery in the Americas
- Biology and African Slavery
- Indian Slavery
- Race and Slavery
- Class and Slavery
- Religion and Slavery
- Proslavery Ideology
- United States Slave Law
- Slave Resistance
- Slave Culture
- The Economics of Slavery
- Gender and Slavery
- Abolition and Antislavery
- Slavery and the Haitian Revolution
- Internal Slave Trades
- Demography and Slavery
- Comparative Slavery
- Finding Slave Voices
- Archaeology and Slavery
- Post‐Emancipation Adjustments
Abstract and Keywords
This article offers an overview of the rise of African slavery in English America. Several propositions are useful in ordering the historical record. The most important is that transitions to African slavery in the several colonies of England's emerging empire can be better understood if Britain's Atlantic world is approached as a single if imperfect and fragile labour market, and if variations in the composition of the workforce among colonies and within particular colonial regions over time are approached through a focus on the supply and demand for labour.
John J. McCusker is the Ewing Halsell Distinguished Professor of American History and Professor of Economics at Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas.
Russell R. Menard is Professor in the Department of History at the University of Minnesota.
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