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date: 05 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article briefly describes some work in natural philosophy and the philosophy of nature in the USA in the era before and around the split between science and philosophy. Second, it describes some salient features of the American philosophical reflection on science from 1877, when C. S. Peirce offered the first American philosophy of knowledge trained primarily on the question of scientific method, until roughly 1930, when the logical positivists began their move to American shores. Third, the rise of logical positivism and the era of professionalization of philosophy of science are discussed. Fourth, the main lines of the decline of logical positivism are outlined. Finally, some major themes in the philosophy of science in the post-positivist era in the United States are presented.

Keywords: philosophy of science, American philosophy, natural philosophy, C. S. Peirce, scientific method, logical positivism

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