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date: 20 May 2019

(p. xiii) List of Abbreviations

(p. xiii) List of Abbreviations

Abbreviations of Qumran texts follow the SBL Handbook of Style

Abbreviations of rabbinic literature follow the list of abbreviations in H. L. Strack/G. Stemberger (1991), Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash, Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 401–3.

  • M. = Mishnah

  • T. = Tosefta

  • y. = Talmud Yerushalmi/Palestinian Talmud

  • b. = Talmud Bavli/Babylonian Talmud

followed by the tractates and chapters.

Josephus' works are abbreviated as follows:

  • Ant. = Antiquitates

  • Bell. = Bellum Judaicum

  • C.Ap. = Contra Apionem

Roman Legal Compendia:

  • Dig. = Justinian's Digest

  • C.Th. = Codex Theodosianus