- The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- About the Contributors
- What is Analytical Sociology All About? An Introductory Essay
- Analytical Sociology and Theories of the Middle Range
- Social Dynamics from the Bottom Up: Agent-Based Models of Social Interaction
- Segregation Dynamics
- Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
- Social Influence: The Puzzling Nature of Success in Cultural Markets
- The Contagiousness of Divorce
- Collective Action
- Conditional Choice
- Network Dynamics
- Threshold Models of Social Influence
- Time and Scheduling
- Homophily and the Focused Organization of Ties
- Dominance Hierarchies
- Game Theory
- Analytic Ethnography
- Historical Sociology
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article explores how dominance hierarchies develop their typical structures. It tackles a number of questions, for example: how is it that different groups develop the same kinds of hierarchy structures, even when the structures arise spontaneously, without being imposed by central authority; what mechanisms generate these hierarchy structures; or whether an understanding the development of hierarchies provides more general insight into the evolution of other kinds of social structures in small groups. The article first reviews theoretical models for the explanation of dominance relationships and dominance hierarchies (‘pecking orders’) in small groups of animals before considering hierarchies in small groups of humans. It then introduces an interaction-process model of animal hierarchies that explains linear hierarchy structures and avoids some of the limitations inherent in the earlier models. It concludes by comparing models for the development of status hierarchies in humans with those for animal hierarchies.
W. Brent Lindquist is Deputy Provost and Professor of Applied Mathematics and Statistics at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. He received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Cornell University. His research career has included quantum electrodynamics, Riemann problems in conservation laws, and numerical computation of flow in porous media. His current research concentrates on various aspects of data mining—largely in application to three-dimensional digitized images.
Ivan Chase is Professor of Sociology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook. He received his Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. He is interested in social organization: what forces produce it, how it comes to have its characteristic forms, and what kinds of theories are best suited to understanding it. In pursuing these problems, he works primarily with social structures that can be studied under controlled conditions in the laboratory. These social structures include networks of relationships in face-to-face groups using dominance hierarchies in fish, the distribution of material resources using resource distribution through ‘vacancy chain’ processes, in humans and hermit crabs, and cooperation and the coordination of effort using ‘foraging decisions’ in ants.
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