- The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- About the Contributors
- What is Analytical Sociology All About? An Introductory Essay
- Analytical Sociology and Theories of the Middle Range
- Social Dynamics from the Bottom Up: Agent-Based Models of Social Interaction
- Segregation Dynamics
- Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
- Social Influence: The Puzzling Nature of Success in Cultural Markets
- The Contagiousness of Divorce
- Collective Action
- Conditional Choice
- Network Dynamics
- Threshold Models of Social Influence
- Time and Scheduling
- Homophily and the Focused Organization of Ties
- Dominance Hierarchies
- Game Theory
- Analytic Ethnography
- Historical Sociology
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines status dynamics, with particular emphasis on four common patterns. First, actors use others’ status as a signal of their underlying quality. Second, an actor’s status influences the rewards that he/she receives. Third, an individual’s status position is not fixed, but arises from the exchange relations between individuals. Fourth, actors are especially likely to rely on status queues to make inferences about quality when there is substantial uncertainty about that underlying quality. The article first considers the sociological conception of status as a signal before reviewing studies that demonstrate the broad applicability of the four propositions laid out above, taking into account the concept of Matthew effect. It then explores a new line of research on commensuration and value, suggesting that the presence of structural cues may lead to the depreciation of quality.
Freda Lynn is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Iowa and received her Ph.D. in sociology from Harvard University. Her research interests include status processes, social inequality, and social networks. She is currently studying how quality uncertainty affects citation accumulation in scientific disciplines.
Joel Podolny is Vice President and Dean of Apple University at Apple, Inc. Prior to his current position, he was Dean of the Yale School of Management. He has also served as a professor at the Harvard Business School, Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences, and the Stanford Graduate School of Business. His best-known research brings the sociological conception of status to the study of market competition. In addition to his work on status, he has conducted research on the role of social networks in mobility and information transfer within organizations. His current research explores how leaders infuse meanings into their organizations.
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