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date: 26 May 2019

(p. 757) General Index

(p. 757) General Index

AIG24, 279
AT&T183, 685, 693, 738
Federal PAC717
Abbott, K. W.443
Abe, A.340
Aberbach, J. D.265, 271
abortion498
Abraham, S. E.72
Acemoglu, D.41
accountability293, 297, 393, 404, 405, 411, 412, 415, 416, 432, 434, 472, 473, 476, 488, 515, 525, 529, 530, 588, 589, 595, 596, 656
advertising646, 648, 649, 651, 653, 657
AETNA (firm)568–9
Africa355, 486, 673
African countries164, 656
agriculture224, 225, 227, 231, 271, 313, 350, 554, 567, 616, 673, 713
Agriculture and Agri‐Food Canada675
Ahrend, R.656
Aidt, T. S.243 n. 19
Air France690
Airbus111
Albareda, L.513, 525, 527
Albiston, K. T.68
Alchian, A.39, 46
Alitalia690
Allen, M.129, 649
Allison, G.105
alternative dispute resolution (ADR) movement73
Amable, B.124, 125, 132, 133
Amato, G.734
AMEC (contractor)593
American Airlines690
American Bankers Association717
American Chamber of Commerce (AMCHAM)262, 272, 273, 288, 299, 574, 577
American Chemistry Council262
American Enterprise Institute (AEI)269
American Institute of Architects70
American Law Institute67
American Motor365
American Political Science Association175
American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE)649
Amnesty International477, 532
Anand, B.649, 651
Andersen, N.580
Anderson, S. P.648
Anglican Church226
Anglicans226 Angola 480–1, 486
UNITA (rebel group)480
Annan, K.367
Ansell, B.220
Ansell, C.664
Ansolabehere, S.184, 266, 267, 712
anti‐competitive behavior2, 295, 605; see also competition
anti‐corruption principles (codes)65, 487; see also corruption
anti‐dumping177, 354
anti‐sweatshop movement367
Apple's iPod93
Argentina100, 309, 311, 313, 316, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325 n. 11
Kirchner (N.) government311
Sociedad Rural Argentina316
Unión Industrial Argentina (UIA)313 see also Latin America
Arnold and Porter (US law firm)263
Arrow, K.50
Arthur Andersen (accounting firm)432, 435
Ashton, D.549
Asia78, 308, 355, 371, 385, 486, 557, 558, 593, 595, 596, 673; see also East Asia
Asia‐Pacific states99
Asian financial crisis (1997–8)79, 351, 397, 398, 432, 529
Association of European Automobile Constructors301
Association of South‐East Asian Nations (ASEAN)157
Atkinson, A.664
(p. 758) Australia19, 226, 243 n. 15, 251, 255, 514, 710
Melbourne591
New South Wales226, 230, 591
public—private partnerships (PPPs) in591, 592, 593, 594, 595, 596, 597
Sydney591
Victoria591
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC)745
Austria23, 97, 159, 160, 229, 250, 484, 526, 549, 554, 570, 591, 666
Vienna591
autarky27, 372
autocracy704, 721, 724
Averch, H.692
Axelrad, L.390
Ayres, I.515
Azienda Generale Italia Petroli (AGIP)688
BAA739
BBC195
B&Q (UK retailer)456
BSkyB/ITV partial merger (UK,2006)737
Babb, J.399
Baccaro, L.254
Bach, D.454
Bacon, R.47
Bagdikian, B. H.651
Bain, J.37
Baldwin, R.709
Balfour Beatty (UK contractor)593
Bandyopadhyay, U.709–10, 711, 712, 714, 716
Bank of Scotland593
BankBoston310
bankruptcy429, 431, 528
banks5, 22, 24, 76, 91, 99, 124, 126, 127, 134, 153, 156, 160, 279, 356, 387, 400, 407, 428, 430, 431, 593
Baran, P.52
Barcelona European Council (2002)553
“Education and Training2010” agenda553
“Framework of Actions for the Lifelong Development of Competencies and Qualifications”553, 554–5
bargaining69, 98, 103, 106, 109, 112, 129, 135, 136, 138, 139, 163, 178, 212, 218, 221, 223, 225, 227, 228, 236, 250, 252, 255, 257, 335, 340, 415, 418, 461, 505, 557
collective227, 241, 251, 274, 313, 546, 566, 571, 575, 576
coordinated wage213, 216–17, 237, 238
Baron, D. P.110, 111, 223, 649, 652
Barone, R. M.432
Baroody, M.272
Bartells, L.195
Bartlett, C.95, 98, 112
Basel Committee on Banking Regulation and Supervisory Practices407, 408, 409
BASF (German firm)367
Battilana, J.525
Bauer, R.183, 276
Baumgartner, F. R.20, 156, 174, 262, 265, 596
Baumol, W. J.37, 38, 693
Beaulieu, E.718
Beeson, M.412
Beijing Jeep365
Belderbos, R. A.340, 341
Belgium220, 229, 231, 257, 526, 673, 686, 698
Brussels17, 174, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 292, 293, 294, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 302, 341, 354, 397
Bellon, P.108
Bender, B.709
Bennett, R. J.611
Berle, A.38, 519
Berlusconi, S.203, 204, 650
Bernauer, T.626, 669
Bernhardt, D.272
Bernheim, D.706
Bernstein, L.82 n.15
Bernstein, M.11
Berry, S.648
Bertrand, J. L. F.37
Besley, T.656
Bewley, H.608
Bianchi, P.202
Bieling, H.-J.25
Bilal, S.705
biology132
biopesticides674–7
Birch, D.606
Bismarck, O. von570, 571–2
Black Economic Empowerment (BEE)531
Blair, T.196, 197, 205, 239, 568
Blaker, M.332
Blanchflower, D. G.612
blockholders497, 498, 502, 503, 504
Blume, O.633
BOAC (airline)691
Board Audit Committees82 n.17
Boeing111, 738
Boeing/McDonnell Douglas merger (1997)743
Boix, C.220, 232
Bolivia311, 320
bond rating409, 423, 474
Boris (contractor)593
Borrie, G.745
Bosch, G.558
Boschi, R.317
Boston Beer Company108
Botzem, S.156
(p. 759) bourgeoisie25, 202, 224
Bowen, H.519
Boxenbaum, E.525
Bradford, S.716
Brady, H. E.99–100, 176
Brainard, S. L.705
Braithwaite, J.74, 76, 77, 515, 731, 750
Bramley, G.612
Branson, R.737
Brazil2, 100, 248, 308, 313, 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325 n.11, 326 n.12, 355, 719
CNI (Confederaçao Nacional de Indústria)314, 317
COAL (Coordenaçao de Assuntos Legislativos)317
Council for Economic and Social Development (CDES)316
Lula government316
PT (Workers' Party)310 see also Latin America
Bretton Woods system274
Breyer, S.693
bribery323, 336, 356, 487, 657
British Airways105, 690
British Conservative Party19, 192, 193, 194, 195–6, 205
British East India Companies721
British Energy695
British European Airways (BEA)690, 691
British Gas694
British Labour Party20, 192, 194, 196–7, 228
Constitution (Clause IV)197
Finance and Industry Group (1972)197 see also New Labour (British party)
British Liberal Party194
British Nuclear Fuels plc695
British Petroleum (BP)18, 288, 486, 653, 670, 678, 688
British Retail Consortium (BRC) Global Standard673
British Telecom694
Brittan, L.745
Brock, W.705, 711, 721, 725
Bronars, S.708
Brookings Institution (US think tank)269
Broscheid, A.294
Brown, G.197, 748
Brown, P.544
Brustein, W.229
Bryant, W. J.193
Bryson, A.608
Buckley, P. J.42
Budzinski, O.733, 739
bureaucracy24, 25, 26, 29, 78, 198, 199, 239, 317, 321, 330, 332, 334, 335, 336–7, 339, 361, 366, 368, 453, 528, 676
Burgess, R.656
Burma77
Burrell, G.521
Busemeyer, M.220
Bush, G. W.20, 22, 25, 81 n.7, 242 n.11, 276, 277, 354, 667
business1–2, 3, 4, 5, 11, 19, 26, 29, 123, 125, 165, 214, 217, 225, 226, 227, 228, 231, 232–3, 239, 240, 310, 311, 349, 385–91, 405, 408, 414, 416, 418, 446, 474, 509, 513, 514, 518, 643, 644, 645, 653, 658, 665, 670–4, 677–8, 723
associations12, 14, 16, 17, 19, 66, 129, 158, 160, 174, 176, 201, 205, 214, 223, 225, 226, 250, 290, 299, 300, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 319, 323, 331, 333, 334, 335, 342, 404, 406, 408, 409, 410, 411, 414, 418, 515, 522, 523, 525, 532, 534, 535, 546, 556, 571, 573, 575, 678
in China346–80
and the courts67–8, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82 n.17, 268
culture77, 78, 96, 106, 331, 359
economic theory of35–62
ethics519, 531
and investment9–10, 25, 66, 103, 155, 156, 163, 175, 177, 213, 227, 341, 477, 478, 557, 611, 686
in Latin America307–29
and law63–88
and litigation67–9, 77, 78, 389
and neo‐corporatism248–58
networks125, 133–5, 311, 316, 586, 597
and non‐governmental organizations (NGOs)663–4, 670–1, 680
and political parties191–207
politics of159, 307–29
and the politics of consumption622–42, 663, 665, 680
and power1, 2, 26, 29, 66, 153, 163, 278, 307–8, 383–5, 387, 443, 499, 508, 518, 519, 521
public—private partnerships (PPPs) in585–99
representation261–84, 285, 292, 316, 319
small600–21
and social policy565–84
and standards441–3, 455
and training544–64
and unions227–8; see also unions; workers
(p. 760) Business Council (New York State)568
Business for Europe299
business—government relations1–2, 3, 4, 5, 24–8, 65–6, 77, 78, 92, 94, 95, 125, 128, 139, 140, 141, 155, 163–7, 173, 176, 178, 182, 183, 185, 186, 191, 196, 200, 201, 205, 217, 273–4, 279, 383, 384, 419, 473, 508, 513, 526, 527, 528, 530, 544–64, 577–80, 586, 588, 590, 663, 671, 674, 681, 706
business studies on89–120
economics on35–62
in Europe78, 285–306
in Japan330–45
in Latin America307–29
political science on9–34
and standards440–3, 464
in the United States78, 261–84, 384, 385–91 see also business; government; state, ‘regulatory’
Business Principles for Countering Bribery487
business—state relations, see business—government relations
business studies3
business system392, 549
national (NBS)96–7, 98, 124, 128, 513, 522, 546, 556–8 see also China, ‘business system of’
BusinessEurope288, 553
Büthe, T.461
C&A (retailer)478
CBS (TV station)650
CEEP (European Centre of Employers and Enterprises)553
CNN (TV channel)646
Caduff, L.626, 669
Cafedirect (British coffee brand)484
“California effect”475
Calmfors, L.255
Cambodia489
and “conflict diamonds”480–1
labor practices in481–3
Cameron, D.195
Canada19, 100, 251, 273, 275, 591, 595
Statistics Canada220
Canon (firm)334, 341
Cantor, R.431
capital2, 10, 23, 27, 29, 42, 46, 47, 52, 55, 66, 90, 94, 100, 110, 124, 126, 129, 132, 134, 135, 140, 204, 248, 249, 251, 253, 254, 255, 256, 310, 311, 312, 355, 363, 507, 508, 528, 531, 549, 552, 690, 705, 717, 722, 723
movements27, 113, 310, 322, 405, 548, 551, 719, 721, 752
patient127, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 507, 508
capitalism21, 22, 30, 44, 46, 47, 51, 52, 53, 54–5, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 107, 113, 132, 150, 154, 168 n.1, 174, 191, 205, 239, 251, 254, 256, 274, 275, 349, 358, 372, 384, 385, 387, 423, 502, 516, 518, 549, 581, 633, 638, 639, 748, 750
American132, 431, 516, 736, 748
comparative study of123, 124
coordinated211, 212
corporate472–94
“crony”320
democratic148–72, 384, 392, 400
global348, 362, 431, 750
market5, 132, 730–1
regulatory731, 750, 752
social systems of innovation and production (SSIP) approach to124, 125
varieties of123–47
Capitol Associates (US lobbying firm)263
Cappelletti, M.81 n.9
capture44, 54, 55, 66
Cardoso, F. H.320
Caribbean99
Carillion (UK contractor)593
Carmona, P.316
Carnegie, A.386
Carnegie‐Mellon University182
Carneiro, R. L.718–19
Carroll, A. B.519
Carruthers, B. G.80, 82 n.23
Carson, R.261
cartels736–7, 739, 742
Carter, J.693
Cashore, B.456
Casson, M. C.42
Caterpillar (corporation)94
Catholic Church230
Catholicism229
Catholics226, 230, 578
CEMEX (cement producer)108
Center for Responsive Politics262
Central America489, 527
Cerny, P. G.10, 28, 551
Chad486–7, 489
Chandler, A.386
Channel Tunnel699
Chaplin, C.90
Charest, J.558
Chávez, H.316
Cheney, D.271
Chicago School46, 54
Chile308, 309, 312, 313, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 325 n.11, 549, 721
Concertación governments319, 321
Confederación de la Producción y del Comercio (CPC)321
political system of321–2
Renovación Nacional (RN)318
(p. 761)
Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI)318 see also Latin America
China79, 80, 97, 99, 109, 250, 254, 273, 278, 385, 406, 489, 558, 650, 656, 665, 721–2, 742
AFCTO359
All China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU)358, 367
Beijing353, 354, 355, 358, 363, 372
business in346–80
business system of347, 354, 356–60, 361, 362, 372, 373
Central Bank356
Central Huijin357
Central Party School (Beijing)360
China European Business School in Shanghai (CEIBs)366
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)347, 351, 353, 357, 358, 359, 368, 372
communist party‐state346, 349–50, 351, 352, 353, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 362, 363, 366, 367, 370, 371, 372
corporate social responsibility (CSR) in527, 530
Cultural Revolution352, 353
economy of347, 349, 350–2, 353, 354, 355, 357, 371, 372, 530
11th Chinese Communist Party Congress (1978)350
14th Chinese Communist Party Congress (1992)351
Four Cardinal Principles352
Four Modernizations350
Gang of Four350
government of349, 357, 360, 363, 368, 530
and joint ventures (JV)363, 365, 366, 367
Nanjing367
National People's Congress354
Nixon's visit to92
Open Door policy347, 348, 349, 360
policy in347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 354, 355, 357, 359, 360, 361, 362, 365, 367, 370, 372, 373
political status quo in350, 352–3
protectionism in355
Shangai741
State Development and Reform Commission (SDRC)370
13th National Party Congress (NPC) (1987)352
Tiananmen Square demonstrations (1989)353
and the WTO353–6, 358, 360, 362, 366, 368
Chiu, Y. S.705
Chobanova, Y.156
Chrysler270
Cichon, D.568–9
Cioffi, J. W.498, 501, 502, 503, 505, 507, 508
Citibank478
citizens165, 166, 174, 352, 359, 360, 487, 490, 508, 513, 514, 553, 565, 570, 590, 631, 653, 656, 658, 664, 691, 720
class23, 194, 229, 248, 252, 256, 566, 580, 581, 631, 664
middle210, 226, 228, 235, 238, 570, 571
working195, 210, 226, 228, 231, 249, 253, 566, 580; see also workers
class struggle55, 205, 350
climate change1, 164, 529, 664, 667, 669, 670, 672, 677–80, 681
Climate Change Summits532
Clinton, W. J.196, 242 n.11, 267, 390, 577, 745
coalitions, cross‐class135–7, 138, 139, 141, 210, 566
Coase, R. H.39, 41–2, 43, 50, 51, 152, 178, 181, 460, 720
Coate, S.648
Coca‐Cola94, 111
Code of Pharmaceutical Marketing Practices478
Codex Alimentarius Commission448, 668–9
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)669
Coen, D.294, 393, 394, 407, 408, 424
Cohen‐Tanugi, L.78
Cold War99, 100, 101, 202, 351, 518, 719
Cole, K.431
Coleman, D. C.602
collective action290, 300, 301, 311, 313, 322, 323, 333, 335, 415, 574, 575, 625, 628
logic of4, 29, 287, 290, 293, 299, 300
problems445, 451, 569
theory411, 415
Collor, F.319–20
Colombia313, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 325 n.11, 650
Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia (Federacafe)313, 315, 316
Santo Domingo group318 see also Latin America
Colomer, J. H.223
colonization74, 75
Comedy Central network (US TV)646
comity, positive744
Committee of European Securities Regulators434
Commons, J.123
communism99, 101, 347, 349, 360, 518, 741
Comor, E.435 n.3
comparative institutional advantage243 n.15
competition11, 36, 37, 38, 44, 45, 48, 52, 54, 55, 57 n.4, 63, 89, 93, 94, 95, 96, 98, 101, 103, 105, 106, 110, 111, 112, 124, 127, 129, 130, 134, 149, 151, 153, 154, 157, 158, 166, 194, 203, 225, 254, 257, 273, 332, 348, 355, 358, 365, 387, 400, 414, 418, 428, 430, 433, 453–4, 459, 464, 531, 570, 577, 588, 591, 592, 624, 626, 627, 629, 648, 649, 652, 657, 674, 685, 690, 691, 693, 694, 695, 697, 698, 699, 711, 718, 723 (p. 762)
agencies744–7; see also policy, ‘competition’
global78, 217, 256, 343, 449, 742
Japanese92, 95, 341
party566, 578–9
perfect vs imperfect36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 150, 151, 152, 154, 609, 735, 739
competitiveness2, 23, 28, 29, 92, 93, 114, 129, 194, 201, 254, 294, 295, 297, 316, 321, 513, 525, 527, 546, 547, 552, 605, 731, 733, 747, 749
complementarity51, 56, 255
computer science182
concertation249, 250, 253, 254, 256, 636
Confucian ethics359
consultation4, 91, 256, 274, 287, 289, 291, 292, 293, 294, 297, 299, 331, 337, 339, 392, 393
consumer groups475, 623, 626, 627, 628, 629, 630–4, 635, 636, 637, 638
consumer protection25, 27, 253, 409, 411, 413, 447, 454, 622–4, 628, 629, 630, 632, 633, 634, 635, 636, 637, 638, 665, 668, 749
politics of624–7
consumer welfare, doctrine of154
consumerism291
consumers11, 12, 21, 23, 25, 36, 46, 47, 48, 55, 63, 67, 73, 92, 93, 99, 100, 110, 126, 161, 166, 173, 174, 195, 196, 251, 269, 276, 408, 412, 418, 441, 456, 464, 478, 479, 484, 485, 523, 567, 607, 609, 622–42, 644, 646, 648, 649, 650, 651, 652, 653, 654, 657, 658, 663, 664, 665, 672, 673, 674, 681, 688, 689, 692, 693, 706, 749, 752
consumption622–42, 663, 664, 665, 680
contestability, perfect38
contestability theory38
cooperation problems444–5
Prisoners' Dilemma (PD) type444–5, 447, 449, 450, 454, 460
coordinated market economies (CMEs)125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 135, 136, 137, 140, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 221, 222, 233, 239, 253, 255, 550, 551, 552, 572, 578, 592, 597, 752; see also liberal market economies (LMEs)
coordination problems444, 445–6, 447, 449, 450, 454, 459, 460, 498, 550
Copenhagen process555
corporate citizenship165, 513, 521, 734
corporate constitutionalism513, 521
corporate control497–511
corporate (business) executives4, 10, 14, 25, 27, 72, 101, 102, 104, 105, 113, 114, 148, 177, 179–80, 182, 183, 186 n.4, 196, 255, 261, 276, 279, 280, 293, 297, 298, 334, 335, 358, 362, 479, 519, 533, 670, 678
corporate leadership105–7, 113, 114
corporate personhood173–4
Corporate Social Performance (CSP)519, 521
corporate social responsibility (CSR)3, 14, 164–5, 166, 167, 291, 419, 455, 477, 478, 479, 480, 485, 488, 489, 490, 513, 559, 560 n.4, 653, 670
vs charitable activities164–5
vs corporate social responsiveness (CSR-2)519
in Europe513, 521–7, 528, 531, 535
global institutions of531–5
and government512–43
old (CSR-1)519
as self‐government (self‐regulation)512, 514, 516, 518, 519, 521, 525, 527, 529, 530, 531, 533, 535
theories of513, 519–21
in the United States513, 516–18, 523, 525, 535
world adaptations of527–31
corporate strategy89–90, 92, 93, 96, 98, 102, 106, 109, 110, 112, 201, 202, 346, 347, 750
and corporate policy104–5, 114, 115, 347, 360–7
typology of107–9
corporations4, 11, 12, 13, 20, 21, 27, 28, 29, 71, 81 nn. 2 and 6, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113, 154, 156, 163, 165, 167, 173, 194, 196, 205, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 270, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 279, 360, 385, 425, 441, 478, 519, 678, 721, 731, 736, 750, 752
as learning organizations95, 109, 112, 346
legal personalities of4, 68, 173
multinational (MNCs)42, 91, 100, 102, 103, 109, 113, 129, 156, 157, 159, 163, 167, 180, 186, 297, 311, 312, 322, 330, 331, 334, 343, 346, 348, 351, 354, 355, 358, 360, 362–7, 371, 395, 412, 454, 473, 476, 487, 488, 489, 522, 526, 527, 530, 531, 532, 533, 545, 546, 547, 556–8, 581, 665, 670, 680, 721, 751
transnational (TNCs)95, 112–13, 115, 149, 405, 408, 409, 411, 414
corporatism2, 158, 162, 176, 217, 221, 223, 239, 241, 243 n.15, 249, 250, 285, 299, 308, 313, 314, 325 n.2, 412, 500, 505, 525, 549, 552, 571, 574, 575, 576, 578, 579, 580
macro251, 257
state228, 257 see also neo‐corporatism
(p. 763) CorpWatch670–1
corruption201, 308, 309, 310, 313, 320, 322, 353, 354, 358, 360, 370, 372, 398, 486–7, 489, 530, 532, 534, 656
Coser, L. A.425
Costa Rica320
Council on Economic Priorities (NGO)477
councils, consultative and deliberative313, 315, 316, 322
Cournot, A. A.37
Cowling, K.37
Craigslist (internet site)646
Crane, A.165, 166, 513
credit card companies408
credit rating agencies160, 409, 422–39
and conflicts of interest429–30, 431, 434–5
and crises429–35
dynamics of424–9
emergence of423–4
and government423, 435
Crepaz, M.223
crime278
Cross, F. B.268
Crouch, C.13, 129, 130, 240, 241
Crozier, M.105, 106
Cuban missile crisis105
culture101, 102, 113, 114, 195, 278, 339
Cusack, T.212, 218, 222, 223
Cutler, C.410, 412
Cyert, R. M.39, 182, 183
Czech Republic592
Dahl, G.654
Dahl, R.103, 155, 156, 158–9, 161, 412, 443
Daily, C. M.603
Daily Show (US TV program)646
Daimler Benz288
Daimler Chrysler678
D'Alessio, D.649
Dalton, H.197
Daly, M.551
Damro, C.743
data privacy441
Davidson, C.718
Davis, J. J.618 n.3
Davos summit (1999)367
De Beers (diamond retailer)480–1
De Figueiredo, J. M.181, 184, 712
De Gaulle, C.134
debt409, 423, 428, 431, 433
decision‐makers, see decision‐making
decision‐making13, 14, 16, 96, 102, 105, 110, 111, 150, 155, 173, 177, 181, 182, 183, 186, 203, 223, 252, 253, 290, 294, 332, 338, 392, 400, 413, 427, 428, 451, 461, 573, 603, 628, 633, 666, 671, 679, 704
Deeg, R.130
DeLay, T.267
DellaVigna, S.654
Deloitte592, 593
democracy1, 19, 20, 25, 26, 28, 91, 100, 101, 153, 156, 161, 165, 167, 168 n.1, 191, 192, 193, 194, 205, 208, 209, 210, 222, 228, 231, 233, 239, 248, 253, 255, 274, 275, 276, 308, 316, 318, 347, 353, 368, 371, 372, 390, 392, 393, 395, 400, 497, 501, 502, 503, 507, 508, 509, 625, 626, 703, 704, 705, 708, 721–3, 730, 733, 734
democratization212, 251, 309, 316, 321, 398, 399
Demsetz, H.39, 43, 46
Deng Xiaoping347, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353
Dengism349
Denmark250, 257, 514, 525, 526, 554, 558, 571, 576, 579–80, 592, 594
Danish Conservative Party570
Danish Employers' Federation580
Danish Right Party (Højre)580
Social Democrats570
Workers' Commission570
Dennis, W. J.602, 617
deregulation110–11, 129, 155, 200, 277, 389, 390, 391, 392, 523, 528, 551, 552, 672, 685, 689, 690, 693, 698
developed countries28, 279, 413, 423, 448, 475, 476, 484, 485–6, 488, 490, 585, 600, 602, 656, 712, 722
developing countries26, 28, 50, 100, 413, 419, 423, 448, 455, 475, 476, 478, 484, 485–6, 487, 488, 489, 490, 515, 592, 595, 596, 597, 602, 650, 655, 656, 674, 752
development, sustainable513, 521, 523, 529, 530, 534
Dexia593
Dexter, L. A.179, 183, 276
Dezalay, Y.65
Di Tella, R.649, 651
Diaz, J.432
dictatorships308, 353, 368, 371, 708, 710
DiMaggio, P. J.183
Diniz, E.317
Dioxin Crisis (1999)673
diplomacy, international109, 450
“diplomacy, new”103, 109
Disraeli, B.225
Djankov, S.656
Dodd, E.519
Doern, B.744
Dotan, Y.79
Downs, A.655
Doz, Y.93–4, 96
Drahos, P.74, 76, 77
Dreher, A.27
Drèze, J.656
Driffill, J.255
Drucker, P.261, 280
(p. 764) Dudley, S.272
Dumas, C.356
Dun and Bradstreet (information concern)424
Dunleavy, P.593
Dunn, S.678, 679
duopolies36, 37
Dupont (company)678
Durand, F.308
Dutta, J.243 n.19
Dyck, A.652
Dyson, K.78
e‐Bay (internet site)646
e‐commerce406, 441, 474
EU Council of Ministers288, 289, 298, 408
EU—Japan Business Dialogue Round Table341
EU—US Bilateral Cooperation Agreement743
East Asia100, 168 n.5, 315, 322, 365, 371, 527, 528–9, 531
corporate social responsibility (CSR) in513, 527, 528–9
developmental state in397–9
Easton, D.103
Eccles, R. G.653
ecological modernization671, 672
Ecological and Toxicological Association of Dyes (ETAD)409
economic constitution731–5, 739, 741, 750, 751
economic coordination210, 211, 212, 226–31, 237, 238, 240, 356, 360, 572, 579
economic growth (development)1, 12, 22, 25, 53, 54, 56, 66, 79, 199, 205, 255, 275, 278, 352, 353, 354, 357, 366, 385, 413, 528, 530, 531, 544, 547, 549, 552–3, 600, 601, 606, 607, 609, 617, 668, 671, 722, 724, 747, 748, 752
economics3, 35–62, 102, 105, 123, 149, 152, 161, 175, 178, 415, 455, 456, 498, 585, 586, 721, 732
evolutionary theory35, 41, 44, 45, 56, 57
Industrial Organization (IO)36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 44, 93
Marxist35, 46, 52, 53, 54–5, 124
neo‐classical150, 151, 152, 153, 155, 161, 166, 169 n.6, 547, 548
systems‐based35, 44, 45, 56 see also microeconomics
Economist, The432
economy1, 2, 3, 4, 11, 15, 16, 19, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 38, 41, 49, 56, 65, 102, 123, 124, 125, 130, 132, 134, 137, 138, 140, 141, 151, 158, 201, 210, 217, 220, 228, 233, 236, 239, 250, 251, 252, 256, 257, 311, 332, 370, 384, 502, 507, 513, 523, 527, 545, 546, 549, 552, 556, 557–8, 567, 570, 571, 581, 590, 603, 606, 608, 609, 611, 623, 626, 636, 645, 678, 684, 734, 744
capitalist3, 65, 81 n.4, 123, 126, 133, 135, 137, 148, 151, 168 n.1, 389, 394, 395, 400, 544, 545, 570, 742, 747
centrally planned46, 371
Communist16
liberal225–6, 227, 231, 238, 240, 323
Maoist347
market4, 39, 46, 50, 79, 103, 157, 159, 186, 353, 360, 372, 383, 464, 592, 731, 735, 737, 739, 741, 747, 750
Mediterranean133, 134, 141
political97, 98, 102, 104, 112, 113, 123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 134, 137, 161, 175, 210, 213, 348, 391, 397, 414, 454, 502, 509, 514, 530, 536, 547, 557, 572, 587, 592, 704, 711, 724, 730, 746, 750
and polity148, 149, 151, 160
socialist market347, 349, 351, 358
transitional513, 515, 556
Ecuador311; see also Latin America
Edelman, L. B.70, 72, 75, 82 n.14
Edelman, M.75
Ederington, J.715
Edison, T.441
education1, 220–2, 230, 238, 352, 359, 423, 486, 515, 518, 522, 526, 528, 545, 546, 548, 549, 552, 553, 558, 559, 567, 568, 594, 603, 604, 612, 613, 655, 719, 722, 723, 724
Edwards, T.556, 557
efficiency38, 90, 92, 93, 95, 96, 100, 112, 124, 126, 131, 137, 153, 165, 166, 181, 201, 362, 416, 417, 712, 733, 748
allocative38, 39, 40, 732
Ehrlich, E.70
Eichengreen, B.132
Eicher, T.706, 715, 725
Eisensee, T.656
Eising, R.300
electoral systems193, 211, 212, 215, 217, 218, 222, 223, 229, 239, 326 n.12, 412, 498, 578–9, 581
and education218, 220–2
majoritarian222, 223, 224, 225–6, 228, 232–3, 234, 237, 239, 240
Elliott, D. J.614
Eltis, W.47
embedded knowledge networks426–7, 429, 430
emerging market economies (EMEs)131, 140
emission trading schemes (ETS)667, 679, 680
employers2, 44, 72, 210, 212, 217, 224, 225, 227, 233, 236, 237, 238, 240, 241, 272, 279, 529, 545, 548, 549, 551, 554, 559, 566–81
(p. 765) employment1, 3, 23, 43, 65, 136,152, 197, 205, 218, 238, 252, 253,254, 275, 278, 294, 388, 482, 515, 528, 529, 530, 534, 547, 550, 555, 557, 568, 605, 606, 607, 609, 612, 613, 618 n.4, 685
protection2,137, 213, 215, 500, 572, 573
endogenous growth theory41
energy, renewable18, 679, 696
England74, 226, 699, 726 n.8; see also Great Britain; United Kingdom
Engwall, L.156
Enron Corporation106, 280, 391, 431–2, 433, 508
Enterprise for Labour197
entrepreneurship600–21
environmental groups (environmentalists)25, 63, 197, 251, 253, 271, 276, 286, 409, 411, 456, 475, 515, 625, 665, 668, 671, 679
environmental protection11, 25, 27, 65, 73, 254, 406, 413, 414, 447, 454, 488, 522, 532, 534; see also policy, ‘environmental’
environmentalism261
epistemic communities426, 732
Epstein, E. M.183
Epstein, L. D.276
equality103, 209, 211, 233, 238, 404, 411, 555
distributional211, 212–22
gender254
Equator Principles533
Ericsson (mobile phone company)367
Erlanger, H. S.72, 75
Ernest and Young593
Esping‐Andersen, G.222, 230, 570
Estevez‐Abe, M.198,199, 213, 572
Estingoy, H.633, 636
étatisme138–9
EurepGap672
Euro‐Retailer Produce Working Group (EUREP)672, 674
“Eurocompany”557
Europe78, 91,112,124,126, 131, 132,136, 204, 236, 250, 274, 285–306, 331, 387, 463, 474, 477, 484, 485, 486, 501, 600, 602, 625, 645, 648, 654, 732, 742
BSE outbreak in654, 664, 665, 672
Central131,134, 137, 138, 156, 257, 666
Central Eastern99, 109, 349
Eastern131,134, 156, 513, 527, 530, 531, 666
governments in103,110,162, 523, 525, 740
North‐west128,140,141
Northern308, 323, 664, 665, 680
Southern137, 308, 355
European Central Bank (ECB)253, 254, 393, 394
European Chemical Agency394
European Chemical Industrial Council301
European Commission (EC)158, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 340, 341, 392, 393, 406, 407, 408, 410, 434, 454, 527, 548, 552, 553, 554, 555, 585, 592, 596, 597, 669, 697, 737, 740, 741, 743, 746, 750
DG Comp (Competition)295, 737, 739, 740, 744, 745, 746, 747
DG SANCO (Health and Consumer Protection)665
Directorate (DG) IV395
Directorates (DGs)294, 297
Electricity Directives698
Environment Directorate‐General (originally DG XI)666
Green Paper on Entrepreneurship (2003)603
Joint Employment Report553
European Community Treaty555, 736, 740
European Competition Network (ECN)744
European Council286, 292, 552
European countries, continental222, 224, 227, 229, 230, 231, 237, 571, 574
European Court of First Instance (CFI)745
European Court of Justice (ECJ)295, 298, 408, 735, 743
European Economic Community285, 289, 299, 340, 392, 546
European Employment Strategy (EES)553, 555
European Federations (E Fed)289, 290, 295, 299–300, 301
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)665
European integration253, 285, 287, 552, 665–6
European Monetary Unification253
European Parliament (EP)286, 287, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 297, 299, 301, 302, 341, 434, 666, 677
MEPs292, 294
European Regulatory State393, 394
European Round Table299
European secretariats290
European Single Market285, 286, 287, 288, 290, 294, 298, 340, 341, 454
European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)553
European Union (EU)2, 11, 13, 16, 18, 19, 24, 27–8, 29, 72, 78, 157, 158, 159, 165, 273, 275, 285–306, 335, 337, 338, 355, 356, 358, 367, 372, 385, 391–7, 408, 409, 412, 414, 477, 504, 505, 527, 530, 546, 547, 552–6, 568, 604, 658 n.1, 664, 665, 675, 677, 723, 735, 739, 741, 743
C21;297
Clean Clothes Campaign367, 477
Comité Européen de Normalisation (CEN)76
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique (CENELEC)76
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)666
(p. 766)
competition policy (law) in the154, 454, 588, 591, 594, 596, 597, 733, 735, 737, 738, 739–40, 743, 744, 745, 750, 751
data privacy directive72
enlargement of the109, 527
environmental policy in the666–7, 669, 679
Eurostat statement588
Food Law665
food safety policy in the665–6, 668, 669
General Product Safety Directive673
Green Paper on Public—Private Partnerships (2005)592, 596, 597
and Japan339–42
lobbying in the286–306
member states5, 18, 287, 299, 339, 340, 354, 385, 392, 393, 394, 552, 553, 554, 555, 590, 592, 593, 597, 665, 666, 677, 698, 741
Merger Regulation736, 737
National association (N Ass)289
National Reform Programme reports553
Open Method of Coordination (OMC)555
public policy in the285–6, 290–302, 552
and public—private partnerships (PPPs)587, 590–1, 594, 595, 596, 597
Reform Treaty (2007)735
regulatory state in the391–7, 399, 400
sectoral social dialogue committees (SSDCs)554
Single European Act666
trade federations299
Eurozone400
externalities48, 96, 164, 323, 415, 417, 575, 601, 609
derived46
negative2, 474, 601, 663, 665
network442, 445, 459, 648–9
positive16, 220, 300, 442, 601, 611
ExxonMobil12, 18, 486–7
Facchini, G.710, 715
Fair Trade International (FTI)483, 484, 487
“Fair Trade” (FT) products484, 485, 489, 607
Fairtrade Labeling International484
farmers192, 193, 195, 198, 224, 225, 386, 483, 484, 578, 608, 631, 672, 674, 723, 724
Farrell, H.130
Fascism202
Fearon, J. D.464 n.6
federalism275, 579
Feldstein, M.47
Fels, A.745
Ferejohn, J. A.223
Ferrovial (Spanish company)739
Fiat288
financial crisis (2007–8)1–2, 5, 22, 24, 27, 92, 103, 160, 162, 205, 256, 261–2, 277, 279, 280, 356, 400, 422, 431, 508, 730, 740, 749, 750; see also subprime crisis
Financial Stability Forum407
Financial Times366, 480
Findlay, R.706, 707
Finland250, 525, 554, 606
firm2, 3, 4, 12, 50, 51, 71, 72, 89–90, 93, 94, 96, 102, 103, 104, 105, 109, 110, 111, 112, 123, 125–31, 132, 134, 135, 136–7, 138, 139, 140, 148–54, 159, 162, 163, 187 n.5, 203, 204, 213, 223, 224, 238, 250, 256, 263, 269, 273, 277, 285, 290, 291, 294, 310, 311, 312, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 325 n.4, 332, 333, 359, 366, 397, 416, 422, 444, 446, 455, 459, 475, 477, 478, 479, 484, 486, 489, 490, 513, 530, 531, 551, 556, 558, 573, 586, 601, 605, 653, 663, 667, 679, 705, 708, 712, 713, 717, 723, 725, 734, 747, 748
behavioral theory of13–14, 174, 177, 181–5, 186
dynamic capabilities (DC) approach to39, 43, 44, 50, 56
economic theory of35–62
European296–302, 342, 343, 395, 422, 463, 478, 479–80, 486, 487, 522
giant, see firm, ‘global’
global148–72, 472, 473, 474, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 515, 523, 731
government relations divisions in14, 17, 177, 178, 180, 263, 276, 278, 279, 286, 287, 288, 296, 297, 298, 302, 341, 679
joint stock company21, 47, 51
management (control) of3, 38, 111, 139, 325 n.4; see also management
and market and non‐market strategy105, 109–12
nexus of contracts theory of174, 177, 178–81, 182, 184, 185
ownership of3, 38, 111, 139, 325 n.4; see also ownership, ‘corporate’
and political activity, see business, ‘and political activity’
as political actor2, 3, 20, 29, 148, 150, 154, 162, 287–306, 330
and political theory148–72, 513
political theory of3, 12–20, 29, 173–90
and regulation404, 405, 407, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 418, 474, 476, 477, 488, 490, 605, 622, 720, 724, 731, 735–9, 749; see also regulation
resource‐based view (RBV) of39, 40, 43, 44, 45, 94
(p. 767)
unitary rational actor theory of174–8,181,182, 184, 185 see also business; corporations; lobbyists
First Fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics40
First World War27, 91, 423
Flanders242 n.13
Fligstein, N.594, 595, 597
Flynn, A.672
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)668,669
Food Business Forum (CIES)673
FoodPLUS673
Ford, G.693
Ford, H.90, 93, 183
Ford Motor Company90, 91, 94,183, 270, 288, 678
Fordism235–7, 567
foreign direct investment (FDI)42, 52,127, 254, 338, 340, 362, 363, 373, 405, 556, 741
Foreman‐Peck, J.684–5
forest certification483–6
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)456, 483, 484–5, 487, 489
Forth, J.608
Fortune (100)184
Fortune (1000)568
Fox, E.744
Fox, V.319, 326 n.12
Fox News654
frameworks, institutional133–40, 214, 226
France5, 21, 24, 25, 78, 97,109,111,132,133,134,135, 137, 138–9,141, 209, 211, 224, 227, 228, 230, 231, 235, 251, 257, 275, 279,359, 498, 500,502, 507, 522, 525, 526, 554, 570, 626, 643, 686, 688, 689, 697–9, 726 n.9, 748
CFDT (consumer group)632
CGT (consumer group)632
CNPF (peak industry association)636
EDF (Electricité de France)689, 690, 698
FNAC (music chain)632
FO (consumer group)632
Chamber of Commerce (Limoges)636
Commissariat du Plan24
consumer policies in623, 624, 627–39
Consumer Safety Commission (1983)637
Departmental Commissions of Commercial Town‐Planning (CDUC)632
Federal Consumers’ Union (UFC)633, 636
French Association for Informative Labels636
General Direction for Competition, Consumption, and the Repression of Fraud (1985)637
Grandes Ecoles25,134
Institut National de la Consommation (INC)633, 636
Mitterrand administration637
Nora Committee (1966)690
ORGECO (consumer group)632
Paris177
Strasbourg291
Tribunal de Commerce82 n.18
Francken, N.656
Franco, F.248
Frankfurt School633
Franz, M. M.265
Frederick, W. C.519
free riding47, 176, 299, 430, 434, 482, 489, 545, 706, 712, 719, 724, 725
Freedland, M.166
Freedom House650
freedom of the press645, 650, 657
Freeport Mining478
Frey, B.105
Freyer, T.732, 750
Friedberg, E.106
Frieden, J.309
Friedman, M.39, 46, 519
Friedman, T. L.26, 719
Fuller, S. R.75
Fuller, W.711
Furlan, L.326 n.14
Furlong, S. R.667
G7 group400
G8 group532
GE/Honeywell merger743
Gabszewicz, J. J.649, 651
Gaddis, J.99
Gaebler, T.384, 390
Gaitskell, H.197
Galanter, Marc67–8, 69, 73–4, 79
Galbraith, J. K.736
Galetovic, A.649, 651
Gamble, A.730, 731
game theory13, 37, 441
Gap Inc.478, 483
Garon, S.577
Garriga, E.520–1
Garth, B.65
Gartner, W. B.603
Gates, B.184
GATT412, 710, 742
Secretariat410
Uruguay Round275, 460, 709
Gawande, K.709–10, 711, 712, 713, 714, 716
gender82 n.19, 168 n.1, 254, 482, 612, 654, 655
General Electric670, 717
General Motors (GM)91, 92, 94, 270, 288, 574, 670, 678
genetically modified organisms (GMO)165, 273, 626, 638, 644, 664, 665, 680
Gentzkow, M.649, 650, 652, 653, 654
George, L.653
(p. 768) Germany22, 78, 97, 99,124, 126,129,130, 132,134, 135, 136, 137, 138,140,159,160, 220, 229, 243 nn. 15 and 22, 250, 262, 321, 355, 394, 423, 501, 502, 504, 507, 522, 526, 549, 550, 551, 558, 570, 571, 591–2, 606, 608, 626, 666, 673, 686, 688, 698, 726 n.9, 737, 738, 739, 740, 742, 748, 750
AgV (Union of Consumer Associations, Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Verbarucherverbände)632, 633, 634, 635
CDA (Christlichdemokratische Arbeitnehmerschaft)201
FDP (Free Democratic Party, Freie Demokratische Partei)200, 201
MIT (Mittelstands und Wirstchaftsvereingung der CDU/CSU)201
The Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt, BKA)737
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)192, 200–1
Christian Social Union (CSU)192, 200–1
consumer policies in623, 624, 627–39
Frieberg School739, 751
German Free Democrats192
Länder82 n.18
Ludwigshaven367
National Socialist257
North‐Rhein Westfalia635
North Wurttemberg229
political parties in200–1
RAL (product labeling association)635
Reformstau (reform logjam)200
Ruhrgebiet224, 243 n.17
Saxony229
Store Closing Law632
Weimar231
Gesmer and Updegrove LLP459
Ghoshal, S.95, 98, 112
Giarra, P.332
Gill, S.752
Gilpin, R.102
Gilson, J.340
Gingerich, D. W242 n.4
Gingrich, N.625
Gini coefficient209
Ginsburg, T.79
Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI)673
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)523, 533, 534
global warming272, 669, 678; see also climate change
GlobalGap672, 681
globalization3, 4, 10, 12, 23, 24, 26–7, 28, 29, 53, 64, 66, 80, 81 n.3, 97, 100, 101, 102, 103, 127, 128, 155, 157, 160, 201, 250, 253, 274, 275, 278, 279, 331, 343, 355, 398, 404, 405–6, 414, 415, 418, 422, 424, 426, 430, 447–8, 455, 472–94, 513, 515, 521, 525, 527, 528, 531–2, 544, 545, 546, 552, 556, 558, 644, 651, 664, 665, 677, 681, 704, 705, 719–21, 722, 723, 724, 741–4
Glyn, A.730
Godwin, R. K.176
gold standard27
Goldberg, P.709–10, 711, 714, 715, 716
Goldman Sachs10, 193
Goldstein, K. M.180
Gond, J.-P.521, 525
Goodin, R.571
goods:
private176
public48, 49, 50–1, 55, 137, 294, 405, 406, 411, 412, 413, 416, 417, 418, 430, 476, 516, 534, 575, 648, 663, 680, 719
Goodwin, C.269
Google604
Gorbachev, M.353
Gourevitch, P.212, 217, 428, 499–500, 501, 502, 503, 505, 507, 508
governance12, 19, 27, 29, 72, 124, 132, 134, 139, 179, 180, 199, 227, 274, 339, 399, 424, 441, 443, 445, 472, 473, 474, 481, 488, 508, 512, 522, 527, 535, 536, 586, 588, 589, 591, 656, 673, 674, 679, 680, 681, 734
corporate38, 40, 124, 126–7, 130, 131, 134, 255, 277, 358, 396, 497–502, 503–4, 507, 508, 509, 529, 530, 531, 550
experimentalist412
failure (deficit)475–6, 486, 487, 490, 515
global (international)49, 97, 101, 156, 167, 404, 405, 406–14, 416, 417, 419, 473, 483, 484, 488, 489, 532, 534, 535, 743
multi‐level19, 394, 546, 552–6, 559, 664, 666, 669, 681
network404–21
new513, 515, 528, 529, 535–6
structures594, 597
and training548–52
government1–2, 4, 5, 26, 66, 80, 92, 93, 97, 102, 103, 105, 109, 110, 112, 153, 157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 165, 166, 168, 173, 183, 199, 204, 210, 214, 218, 223, 227, 230, 241, 256, 265, 273, 274, 310, 330, 331, 400, 405, 406, 407, 410, 413, 414, 423, 426, 476, 477, 481, 486, 487, 490, 502, 503, 565, 566, 567, 569, 571, 574, 601, 604, 628, 631, 643, 644, 645, 650, 653, 655, 656, 657, 664, 667, 703, 704, 707, 708, 709–17, 718, 723, 724, 737, 738, 741, 746, 751, 752
center‐left210, 214, 217–20, 239
center‐right210, 219, 220, 235
contracting18, 165–6, 176
economic392–3, 395
economic theory of35–62
failure3, 46, 47, 50, 52, 54
international50–1, 53
(p. 769)
intervention1–2, 22–4, 98, 103, 442, 572, 574, 609–13, 626, 628
national149, 289, 405, 408, 412, 476, 477, 545, 549, 551, 552, 556, 558
public—private partnerships (PPPs) in585–99
regulation of731, 739–41
role in income redistribution233–5
and standard setting448, 449, 450, 453, 455, 460
taxation and spending2, 22, 23, 277; see also taxation
Grade, M.737
Granovetter, M.425
Grant, R.473, 488–9
Grant, W.162, 201, 202–3, 424
Grant Thornton (legal firm)593, 595
Gray, H.692
Great Britain22, 132, 224, 236, 568, 571, 576, 628, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 692; see also United Kingdom
Great Crash (2008), see financial crisis (2007–8)
Greece19, 202, 250, 609
Greene, F. J.613
Greenpeace477
Greenspan, A.279
Groseclose, T.649, 652
Gross, D.715
Grossman, G. M.186 n.2, 705, 706, 707, 709, 712, 723, 724, 725
Grote, J.251
Gröte, J. R.556
guilds210, 225, 227, 229, 233, 240, 241, 474, 536 n.2, 645
HIV/AIDS164
Haas, P.426
Haier (firm)366
Haire, S. B.79
Haliburton (oil company)193
Hall, P. A.131, 133, 242 n.4, 243 n.15, 255, 550, 551–2
Halliday, T. C.80, 82 n.23
Hamada, Y.341–2
Hamilton, J. T.650, 658 n.3
Hannah, M.193
Hansen, W. L.266
Hardin, G.444
Harding, C.737
Harlow, B.280
harmonization70, 76, 80, 295, 414, 441, 447, 461, 546, 555, 605, 668, 677, 744
Harries, B. W.430
Harrison, M.672
Hart, D. M.13, 601, 604
Harvard Business School93
Hasle, P.608
Hassel, A.136
Hausmann, R.49
Havana Charter (1944)742
Havinga, T.672
Hayek, F. A.38, 46, 47
Haynie, S. L.79
Heald, M.518
health1, 183, 267, 292, 352, 370, 423, 486, 565, 592, 665
health care (insurance)19, 28, 214, 253, 267, 269, 272, 273, 522, 568, 569, 570, 571, 572, 574, 594, 608
health and safety2, 72, 270, 297, 388, 405, 406, 409, 413, 440, 443, 447, 459, 530, 532, 533, 608, 674
Hechter, M.229
Heclo, H.271
Heinz, J. P.82 n.10, 262, 270, 272
Heith, D. J.269
Helpman, E.186 n.2, 705, 706, 707, 709, 712, 723, 724, 725
Henderson, K. E.82 n.23
Hendley, K.79
Hennes & Mauritz478
Heritage Foundation (US think tank)269
Herrigel, G.222, 229, 241, 243 n.22
Herrnson, P.267
Hicks, A.242 n.4
Hillman, A.708
Hirsh, R.691
history3, 53
Hodge, G.591
Hodge, M.513
Hoehn, T.648
Hoekman, B.713
Hoetker, G.79
Hoffman, M.708
Hoffman, S. A.665
Hoffmann, A. N.604
Hojnacki, M.264
Holland, see Netherlands
Holmes, P.668
Holtz‐Eakin, D.617
Home Depot (US retailer)456, 477, 478, 485
Honda24, 270
Hong Kong363, 721, 722, 723
Hopkin, J.204
Höpner, M.131, 132, 498, 501, 502, 503, 505, 507, 508
Horwitz, Morton21
Howell, C.129
Hua Guofeng350
Huber, E.223
human capital547, 548, 553, 570, 575, 580, 705, 723
human relations movement90
(p. 770) human resource management (HRM)547, 557, 558
human resources (HR)557, 576
Hungary16, 592
Hunt Jr., I. C.432
Huntington, S.11
Hurst, W.81 n.6
Hymer, S.51–2, 53
IBM17, 94, 114, 180, 184, 288, 408, 738
IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)253
ICANN (International Consortium for the Assignment of Assigned Names and Numbers [sic])408
ISSP (International Social Science Program) comparative surveys215
Ikea (firm)478
Imai, S.714, 715
imperialism53
import substituting industrialization (ISI)309, 315
income, distribution and redistribution of2, 208–47
India26, 79, 99, 111, 355, 359, 368, 478, 527, 558, 655, 656
Indonesia77, 80, 367, 656, 722
Industrial Revolution194, 233
industrialization11, 202, 210, 212, 222–33, 239, 240, 241, 309, 522, 544, 557–8
industries18, 26, 29, 36, 37, 38, 70, 92, 93, 104, 110, 111, 113, 154, 159–60, 162, 176, 194, 224, 227, 238, 250, 267, 270, 278, 295, 298, 313, 331, 332, 350, 384, 389, 409, 418, 448, 463, 475, 479, 545, 567, 568, 632, 667, 670, 678, 679, 684, 685, 686, 699, 711, 712, 713, 715, 717, 718
airline690–1, 693
alcohol194, 409
apparel26, 278, 475, 482
automobile5, 92, 162, 272, 277, 278, 279, 300, 331, 338, 339, 340, 342, 740
banking162, 331, 354, 394, 400, 407, 632
biotechnical159, 742
chemicals162, 202–3, 300, 331, 332, 343, 475, 478, 554, 667, 742
coal224, 685, 688, 690, 740
coffee475, 484, 669
electricity29, 168 n.4, 554, 667, 684, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 695, 697, 698, 740
electronics92, 338, 339, 340, 342, 475
energy29, 176, 272, 277, 295, 475, 486, 678, 679
extractive17, 26, 486, 687, 742, 475
financial272, 277, 295, 331, 343, 389, 390, 407, 474, 475
food156, 165, 387, 672–4
gas168 n.4, 684, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 692, 693, 740
insurance354, 632, 679
jewelry475, 479, 480–3
oil18, 269, 486
pharmaceutical184, 263, 267, 277, 300, 387, 409, 625
postal684, 688, 740
railways154, 168 n.4, 684, 689, 690, 740
service26, 567, 568
telecommunications168 n.4, 181, 295, 354, 389, 414, 455, 684, 685, 687, 688, 689, 690, 691, 693, 740
textile26, 332
tobacco111, 678
water services154, 168 n.4, 684, 740
industry organization35–62
inequality25, 54, 55, 99, 100, 151, 152, 155, 166, 208, 209, 210, 212, 233, 235–6, 237, 242 n.2, 255, 370, 531
inflation3, 22, 98, 205, 250, 252, 254, 255, 605
information14–15, 151–2, 153, 167, 175, 177, 179, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 264, 288, 293, 294, 296, 297, 298, 299, 301, 302, 312, 333, 395, 408, 409, 415, 416, 423, 428, 432, 434, 451, 460, 473, 475, 503, 509, 545, 554, 572, 573, 574, 576, 611, 622, 624, 628, 629, 631, 634, 635, 664, 744
asymmetry14–15, 179, 298, 442, 451, 506, 627, 674, 694, 699
imperfections601, 609, 644
political economy of643–62
institutional complementarities128, 131, 137, 139, 463
argument126–7
and change130–1 see also Institutional Complementary Theory
Institutional Complementarity Theory454, 461, 463
institutionalism:
historical2, 514
new513, 514
organizational514
rational choice514
insurance function216, 217
Intellectual Property Committee410, 412
interest groups2, 3, 10, 11, 13, 22, 25, 54, 159, 191, 195, 202, 226, 239, 249, 261, 262, 264, 265, 266, 267–8, 269, 271, 272, 276–7, 286, 287, 290, 292, 293, 294, 297, 299, 332, 337, 342, 410, 412, 426, 500, 501, 502, 503, 544, 545, 547, 549, 558, 578, 579, 624, 663, 704, 705, 706, 718
privileged16
interests10, 11, 13, 14, 17, 25, 46, 54, 66, 77, 78, 79, 92, 98, 99, 103, 178, 179, 181, 182, 193, 210, 223, 229, 230, 233, 238, 241, 248, 249, 264, 292, 299, 301, 332, 333, 334, 335, 337, 339, 393, 394, 395, 398, 415, 418, 422, 426, 451, 453, 474, 490, 498, 499, 508, 516, 519, 558, 567, 573, 623, 624, 655, 670, 693
business14, 18, 19, 25, 26, 29, 53, 63, 65, 66, 73, 76, 77, 80, 81 n.2, 97, 133–5, 160, 174, 175, 179, 180, 192, 193, 196, 202, 204, 205, 214, 248, 249, 250, 253, 254, 255, 256, 263, 270, 273, 286, 293, 294, 310, 311, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 337, 342, 393, 394, 399, 400, 545, 546, 547, 556, 559, 575, 578, 580, 623, 625, 626, 666, 703, 704–9, 717
consumer11, 623, 626, 627–30, 633, 634–7, 638, 699
economic208–47, 633
organized137, 214, 222, 228, 252, 257, 262
political148, 176, 204, 219, 261, 342–3, 686
producer630, 634–7, 638
representation of159, 217, 271, 293 see also conflicts of interest
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB)407, 449, 454, 460, 461
International Air Traffic Association (IATA)690, 691
International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS)407, 408
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)70–1, 76, 411, 487, 670
Business Charter for Sustainable Development478
“Incoterms”71
Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credit (UCP)76
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law (…)77
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)448, 449, 460, 461
International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association409
International Federation of Stock Exchanges409
International Finance Corporation477
International Labor Organization (ILO)482, 483, 529, 533, 549, 555–6, 559
Human Resources Development Convention (1975)555, 556
Paid Educational Leave Convention (1974)555
International Maritime Organization450
International Monetary Fund (IMF)157, 253, 406, 412, 549, 592, 595
loan conditionality80
International Organization of Securities Commissioners (IOSCO)407, 408, 409
International (governmental) Organizations (IOs)450, 451
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)77, 158, 449, 477, 460, 461
Guide65 standard672
ISO9000 standard460
ISO14000 standard410
ISO14001 standard28
ISO26000 CSR standard533
International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)668
international political economy (IPE)3, 150, 161, 311, 434, 461, 752
international relations102, 414, 418, 490
Realist theory of721
theory173
International Telecommunications Union (ITU)448, 450
International Textile Workers Association477
International Trade Organization742
internet23, 408, 643, 646, 657
Interserve (facility management contractor)593
investors429–30, 441, 586, 646, 699, 719, 724; see also business, ‘and investment’
Iraq War650
Ireland194, 195, 211, 226, 243 n.15, 251, 252, 394, 592
Israeli High Court of Justice (HCJ)79
Italy19, 124, 132, 134, 135, 137, 138, 139, 141, 204, 220, 243 n.15, 248, 251, 252, 257, 275, 498, 501, 502, 504, 507, 592, 609, 611, 626, 650, 686, 726 n.9
Christian Democrats (DC)202, 203
Communist Party202
Confindustria202, 203
Forza Italia (FI)203–4
Mezzogiorno243 n.17
Northern League203
political parties in201–4
Sicily21
Socialist Party202
iteration (iterative exchanges)14–15
Iversen, T.135, 193, 212, 213, 215, 220, 222, 223, 578
Ivory Coast669
Jacobsson, B.156
Japan11, 19, 22, 24, 78–9, 91, 92, 99, 100, 112, 137, 159, 192, 198, 255, 262, 274, 308, 323, 397–9, 484, 498, 499, 507, 557, 569, 609, 625, 658 n.1, 738, 742, 750
amakudari335, 336, 337
business—government relations in330–45
corporate social responsibility (CSR) in527, 528–9
(p. 772)
Corporate Value Working Group507
corporations92–3, 95, 192, 288, 330–45, 355, 528
Democratic Socialist Party336
Federation of Electric Power Companies335
government of331, 338, 341, 528, 577
gyokai organizations334–5, 336
harmony (Wa), concept of332, 333, 335, 337, 342
Japan Association of Pharmaceutical Organizations336
Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA)334, 340
Japan Business Council in Europe (JBCE)341
Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Associations (JEITA)334
Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC)745, 750
Japan Gas Council334
Japan Iron and Steel Federation334, 335
Japan Shipbuilding Industry Association336
Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry (nissho)334
Japanese Committee for Economic Development (Kauai doyukai)334
Japanese Federation of Business Managers (Nikkeiren)334
Japanese Federation of Economic Organizations (Keidanren)192, 199, 334, 335–6
Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)192, 198–200, 205, 332, 335–6, 399
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)199, 332–3, 340
Ministry of Health and Wealth336
Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI)24, 199, 340, 341, 741
Ministry of Transport336
National Political Association335
Policy Advisory Research Committees (PARCS)198
political parties in198–200, 335–6
Post Office Bank24
Single Non Transferable Vote (SNTV)198, 199
Socialist Party199
Tokyo177, 343, 354
zaikai organizations334–5
Jayasuriya, K.398
Jensen, M. C.178
Jensen, R.655
Jessop, B.551
Jiang Zemin348
Johnson, C.198–9
Johnson, F. R.654
Johnson, L.193
Johnson, L. L.692
Johnson, S.41
Johnson & Johnson (US firm)366
Jones, B. D.20, 156, 596
Jones, L. O.108
Jordan, M.269
Joshua, J.737
Jovanovic, B.607
juridification732, 751
justice2, 28, 50, 54, 71, 103
JVC (firm)455
KLM (airline)690
KPMG (financial advisor)593, 670
Kagan, R.78, 389, 390
Kahn, A.389, 692, 693
Kalaitzandonakes, N.651, 654
Kalman, Z.614
Kalyvas, S.230
Kamieniecki, S.665
Kaplan, E.654
Katayama, H.714, 715
Katzenstein, P.243 n.15, 338
Kee, H. L.712–13, 725
Kelon (firm)366
Kennedy, E.693
Kennedy, J.388
Kenworthy, L.242 n.4
Kenya669
Tea Development Agency533
Keohane, R.406, 412, 473, 488–9
Kersh, R. T.179, 180
Kerwer, D.409
Kettl, D. F.589
Kewley, S.339, 341
Keynes, J. M.3, 427–8
Keynesianism22, 253, 392, 395, 397, 671
Kim, J. J.181
Kim, J. S.656
Kimball, D. C.264
Kindleberger, C.50–1
King, L.134
Kirchner, N.311
Klein, N.556
Klijn, E.-H.596
Knight, M.364–5
Knight, P.367
Knill, C.409, 411
knowledge104, 544, 545, 547, 548, 551, 553, 558, 601, 607, 611, 626; see also information
Koch, J.108
Kogut, B.42, 43
Koizumi, J.199, 200, 205
Kondratiev Waves251
Konduru, S.651
Kornhauser, L.69
Kraft, M. E.665
Krasner, S. D.446
Krishna, K.714, 715
Krishna, P.712, 713
Kritzer, H.69
Kroes, N.733, 745, 747
(p. 773) Krugman, P.721
Kuhn, T.719
Kulturkampf230
Kuzyk, P.651
Kyoto Conference678
Kyoto protocols354
labor2, 23, 42, 43, 46, 47, 51, 53, 55, 65, 97, 100, 110, 127, 128, 131, 132, 134, 135–7, 138, 139, 140, 141, 149, 160, 178, 186 n.3, 193, 204, 212, 214, 217, 224, 225, 233, 238, 239, 240, 251, 253, 254, 255, 256, 263, 271, 274, 276, 313, 315, 316, 323, 334, 348, 352, 355, 357, 359, 362, 371, 475, 478, 488, 501, 515, 531, 545, 552, 556, 559, 574, 575, 576, 580, 631, 705, 706, 716
and capital125, 135–6, 139, 248, 249, 253, 254, 256, 566, 705
child164, 464 n.4, 478, 482, 490
skilled93, 217, 225, 238, 241, 359, 550, 557, 722 see also unions; workers
Lamy, F.633
Lancefield, D.648
Lanza, O.201, 202, 203
Lasswell, H.103
Latin America99, 137, 355, 489, 527, 665, 673, 718
associations in313–16, 320, 321, 323
business politics in307–29
consultative (deliberative) councils in313, 315, 316
networks in313, 318–20, 321
Laummann, E. O.82 n.10
Laussel, D.649, 651
Lavdas, K.201, 202, 203
law1, 4, 12, 13, 22, 148, 153, 173, 178, 267, 349, 387, 388, 389, 390, 396, 415, 443, 498, 499, 502, 512, 526, 719, 734, 751
and business63–88
case69
civil74, 81 n.9
civil rights72, 75
commercial74, 76, 150, 383
common21, 68, 74, 79, 81 n.9
competition153, 730, 732, 738, 741–2
constitutional162
contract69, 81 nn. 3 and 4, 110
corporate12, 22, 81 n.6, 154, 165, 509 n.1
corporate bankruptcy80
criminal68
divorce69
e‐commerce76
electoral199, 318
employment68, 72, 140
enforcement406, 413, 476, 666, 736
environmental294, 405
European Union (EU)72, 588, 666, 738
family81 n.3
food665, 666
hard67, 490, 555
health and safety72
insurance70
international77, 163
international trade478
labor21, 225, 273, 279
national64, 76, 476, 478
private64, 70–4, 81 n.3, 473
property81 nn. 3 and 4
public64, 70–4, 75, 76, 80
regulatory81 n.4
“shadow” of the68–70, 74
soft67, 390, 473, 488, 490, 515, 535
tax76
telecommunications76
tort413
law firms17, 67, 72, 156, 263, 270, 292, 732
Law Merchant74, 76
Lawson, N.694
Layzer, J. A.678
Leahy, T.108
learning13, 109, 185, 297; see also skills; training
Lee, H.-L.712, 726 n.9
Lee, R. P.664, 672
Leech, B. L.156, 174, 262, 265
left, political210, 212, 226, 228, 232–3, 235, 241, 279, 624, 625
left, radical51
legal culture77
legal studies4
legal systems96, 498,