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date: 18 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This articledescribes the condition of Edom during the Iron Age II. It explains that it is hard to accurately reconstruct Edom archaeologically because most of the available evidence and documents are surface surveys and excavations which were either published only in preliminary formor were technically problematic. The only firm evidence for Mesopotamian presence during the Iron Age in Edom is the relief at Sela near Busayra. The limited evidence indicates that at least certain sites in Edom continued to be occupied beyond the traditional end of the Iron II period and through the Persian period, and that it is unlikely that Edom survived as an independent kingdom into the Persian period.

Keywords: Edom, Iron Age II, surface surveys, excavations, Sela, Persian Period, independent kingdom

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