- List of figures
- List of Tables
- List of contributors
- Map of the Levant
- Historical Geography of the Ancient Levant
- Peoples and Languages of the Levant During the Bronze and Iron Ages
- History of Research
- Levantine Chronology
- Egypt and the Levant
- Anatolia (Hittites) and the Levant
- Mesopotamia (Assyrians and Babylonians) and the Levant
- Achaemenid Persia and the Levant
- Introduction to the Levant During the Iron Age II Period
- The Aramean States During the Iron Age II–III Periods
- Phoenicia During the Iron Age II Period
- Philistia During the Iron Age II Period
- Israel During the Iron Age II Period
- Judah During the Iron Age II Period
- Ammon During the Iron Age II Period
- Moab During the Iron Age II Period
- Edom During the Iron Age II Period
- Cyprus During the Iron Age Through the Persian Period: From the 11th Century bc to the Abolition of the City-Kingdoms (c.300 bc)
- The Levant During the Babylonian Period
- The Levant During the Persian Period
Abstract and Keywords
This articledescribes the condition of Israel during the Iron Age II. It analyses archaeological evidence to determine Israel’s settlement patterns during this period, state formation, and the rise of regional kingdoms during the tenth and ninth centuries BCE. The article also considers the political situation of Israel in the shadow of the Assyrian Empire during the late ninth–mid/late eighth century BCE and discusses Israel’s cultural and commercial interconnections.
Ann Killebrew is Associate Professor of the Archaeology of the Levant at the Department of Classics, Ancient Mediterranean Studies, and Jewish Studies at Pennsylvania State University.
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