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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articlereviews archaeological evidence on the settlement pattern crisis and the restructuring of the settlement pattern in Cyprus during the Iron Age I, from the Late Cypriot IIC (LC-IIC) to LC IIIB. It suggests that Cyprus had a remarkable immunity from direct military and political interference by land-based empires, and that the Late Cypriot polities suffered neither Egyptian nor direct Hittite control. The analysis indicates that although the individual histories of Enkomi, Hala Sultan Tekke, Kitionand Paphos in the course of LC IIIA are different from each other, together they tell how urbanism and state functions were kept alive in the twelfth century BC.

Keywords: settlement pattern, Cyprus, Iron Age I, Late Cypriot polities, urbanism, state functions

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