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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articleexamines the history of the Levant during the transitional period of the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age. This period is defined by economic, political and cultural interconnectivity that was under the control of imperial networks and local royal palaces. However, recent studies reveal a far more complex network characterised by multi-directional cultural and socio-economic interconnections that preceded and coincided with a more protracted demise of the Bronze Age which continued into the twelfth century BCE. This transitional period witnessed the demise of the Mycenaean palace system and the decline of the Late Bronze Age Hittite and Egyptian Empires, culminating with the collapse of the first ‘age of internationalism’ in the eastern Mediterranean.

Keywords: Levant, Bronze Age, Iron Age, cultural interconnectivity, imperial networks, socio-economic interconnections, Mycenaean palace system, Hittite Empire, Egyptian Empire, age of internationalism

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