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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articleexamines the history of the small kingdoms between the supra-regional empires in Syria during the Late Bronze Age. During this period, Syria became geographically central in a world that encompassed supra-regional powers such as Egypt, Mittani and the Hittites. Despite this centrality, the majority of the population lived in rural villages and the countryside. There were also two opposing trends in art and architecture: the introduction of innovative elements thatbrought regionalisation to the material culture on one hand, and the shared language in the production of luxury and prestige goods stemming from and destined to the palatial circuit on the other.

Keywords: Syria, small kingdoms, Bronze Age, Egypt, Mittani, Hittites, rural villages, material culture, luxury goods, art

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