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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articleanalyses the history of Transjordan during the Middle Bronze Age. This period was the first age of regular inter-regional contact and trade, and of large-scale international conflict. The development of Jordanian culture throughout this period is a story of insularity and experimentation, of independence and empire, such that, by the end of the period, Jordan was already a mature actor on an international stage. The article also describes how the scale of later Middle Bronze offensive warfare,which put the smaller city-states of the southern Levant at a decided disadvantage,prompted the massive fortifications that characterize later Middle Bronze Jordan.

Keywords: Transjordan, Bronze Age, inter-regional contact, trade, international conflict, Jordanian culture, warfare, fortifications

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