Abstract and Keywords
This articleanalyses archaeological evidence on the history of Syria during the Middle Bronze Age. It explains that the current system of chronological reference is rooted in the stratigraphic and material culture sequences found at Tell Mardikh (Ebla), the principal ‘type’ site of western Syria. The article also describes the urban and rural landscapes of Middle Bronze western Syria, urban planning and public architecture, and religious and funerary landscapes.
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