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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articlefocuses on the archaeology of the Levant during the Middle Bronze Age. It explains that the original chronological divisions of the Middle Bronze Age in the Levant,which centred on historical synchronisms between the southern Levant and Egypt, were changed due to the different sets of relationships that the southern and northern regions of the Levant had with neighbouring cultures, as evidenced by the Execration Texts and the Mari Letters. The article also considers the ethnicity, political organization, and historical events during this period, and describes the rise of the Amorite kingdoms.

Keywords: Levant, Bronze Age, historical synchronisms, Egypt, neighbouring cultures, Execration Texts, Mari Letters, Amorite kingdoms

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