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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articleanalyses the history of the northern Levant during the Intermediate Bronze Age. During this period, Levantine societies quickly adapted altered dry-farming cereal production at the onset of abrupt climate change around 2200–1900 BCE. The article suggests that this climate change began withregional abandonments, nomadisation, and habitat tracking to riparian, paludal, and karst spring-fed refugia. It also comments on the archaeological perspectives on late third-millennium Syria and Lebanon that often view them as featureless isotropic planes, separate from the available and rich environmental and paleoclimatic data, and thereby provide a settlement and abandonment profile which is at once reductionist and stochastic.

Keywords: northern Levant, Bronze Age, dry-framing, cereal production, climate change, regional abandonments, nomadisation, Syria, Lebanon

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