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date: 14 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article describes the major developments in the southern Levant during the Chalcolithic Period from 4500 to 3500 BC. During this period, the whole of the southern Levant witnessed both a continuation of Neolithic culture elements as well as the appearance of new villages with a new archaeological culture, and changes in the type of settlement patterns and economy. The Chalcolithic mixed farming communities also reached the semi-arid environmental zones. Craft specialisation was the hallmark of the societies of the Chalcolithic period, and the handworkers who lived in southern Levant during this period were farmers, herders, copper metalworking specialists, potters, flint knappers, sculptures, painters, and jewellery makers.

Keywords: southern Levant, Chalcolithic Period, archaeological culture, mixed farming communities, craft specialisation

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