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date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articleexamines the key developments in the southern Levant of Cisjordan during the Chalcolithic Period. During the mid-fifth to early fourth millennia, there were fundamental changes in craft production, mortuary practices, settlement sizes and patterns, and subsistence economy. These changes influenced social organisation, power relations, and the establishment of a more complex socio-political organisation in some areas. The diversity of intramural village spatial arrangements, regional settlement patterns, mortuary practices, and prestige goods suggest that some areas may have experienced hierarchically organised, territorial middle range societies, while others did not.

Keywords: southern Levant, Cisjordan, Chalcolithic Period, craft production, mortuary practices, settlement patterns, subsistence economy, social organisation, power relations, socio-political organisation

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