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date: 05 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This articledescribes major development in the southern Levant, or Cisjordan, during the Neolithic Period. This period witnessed significant demographic growth when village communities were established, subsisting first on cultivation and foraging, then on agriculture, and finally on agro-pastoralism. The article suggests that although the Neolithic represents a period of major social and economic transformations, many material-culture elements and practices can actually be traced to the late EpipalaeolithicNatufian, when the first sedentary hamlets began to coalesce. Recent evidence from both Cyprus and the northern Levant also demonstrates that the processes of plant and animal domestication were much more complex than previously thought.

Keywords: southern Levant, Neolithic Period, demographic growth, agriculture, agro-pastoralism, material culture, EpipalaeolithicNatufian, Cyprus, animal domestication

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