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date: 25 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the relation between Egypt and the Levant from the Chalcolithic to the Persian Period. It explains that the intensity and nature of Egypto-Levantine relations have varied through time, encompassing overland and maritime commerce, diplomacy, alliances, emigration, imperialism and deportations. During periods of Egyptian prosperity, Egypt relaxed its interactions with Palestine, while during low points in political stability, Egyptian exports and local-regional copies of Egyptian forms, motifs and concepts generally declined. The article mentions that Egyptian imports first appear in Palestine during the Chalcolithic period and suggests that trade has been the main means of transferring Egyptian and Egyptian-style items and influence.

Keywords: Egypt, Levant, Chalcolithic Period, Persian Period, Egypto-Levantine relations, maritime commerce, diplomacy, emigration, imperialism, deportations

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