Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews the effectiveness of organizational interventions to prevent organizational stress. It especially focuses on identifying possible moderators and mechanisms involved in work-/organization-directed stress initiatives. It begins by presenting systematic reviews, which are supposed to allow determining the overall impacts of interventions by considering all relevant studies. Then, it presents the gaps in the literature in this field in order to understand why reviews produce inconsistent conclusions. It then proposes a model illustrating moderators and mediators of stress interventions. This model includes a number of contextual issues as well as interventions' and stakeholders' characteristics for each stage of the risk management cycle. This article argues that by measuring and considering at least some of these variables, a better understanding of why interventions produce (or not) certain outcomes could be achieved and more consistency could be found in studies evaluating the impact of organizational interventions.
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