Abstract and Keywords
This article tackles the important subject of job insecurity, unemployment, and its effects on well-being. Its purpose is to evaluate the prevalence and causes of these phenomena and review the latest research suggesting that they are related to a myriad of outcomes that can reduce organizational well-being. Although research indicates that these consequences are overwhelmingly negative, this article also reviews recent research that suggests a number of effective organizational interventions aimed at attenuating—and sometimes even reversing—the potentially negative effects of job insecurity and the threat of unemployment. Finally, this article suggests a number of positive outcomes of providing secure work for employees despite current workplace trends away from traditional psychological contracts that exchange hard work and loyalty for job security.
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